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Studies in Medieval French Presented to Alfred Ewert in Honour of His Seventieth Birthday

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... Hans Mayer suggested that the so-called Itinerarium peregrinorum 1, which recounts events in the kingdom of Jerusalem between 1187 and 1190, was written by an English Templar chaplain, but Hannes Möhring demonstrated that this was not the case 24 . In the twelfth century the English Templars commissioned translations of the Old Testament Book of Judges and religious works into Anglo-Norman French, but did not commission original histories 25 . A reference in the Templars' translation of the Old Testament Book of Judges to the Levites serving God in the Temple in Jerusalem, and a description in a contemporary account of the Battle of the Spring of the Cresson (1187) of the master of the Temple comparing the Templars to the Maccabees, suggest that the Order might have encouraged the brothers to find parallels between their vocation and God's warriors in the Old Testament, but this is not explicitly stated in the surviving records 26 . ...
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Memory forms a central part of institutional identity, underpinning what the members of an institution believe their function to be. It is not static, but is continually re-created to meet new challenges. In the context of the military-religious orders, predominant memory was not individual or based on a person’s own experiences but a collective record constructed by the group. What was included and what was excluded from these memories dictated which vision of the past would shape the future. This article explores the military religious orders’ institutional memory through memorialisation within the military-religious orders’ chapels, their historical writing, their liturgy, and the cult of saints developed by these orders, arguing that military-religious orders used memory to shape their understanding of their orders’ function, direct that function in the present and point towards future development: memory must serve the future as much as it reflected the past.
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The article discusses the problematics of the relation between the ‘royal notaire’ Jehan Maillart and the authors of the Roman de Fauvel (Gervais du Bus), in his audiences in the court of Philip the Fair’s performances, as revealed through the contemporary version of the manuscript Paris BnF fr. 146. In the prologue to le Roman du Comte d’Anjou Maillart shows the problems that arise in exchange between his audience, with a moral aim.
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