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Learner Centered Curriculum: Design and Implementation

Authors:
Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, Vol. 12, No. 4, December 2012, pp. 136 137.!
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Book Review
Learner-Centered Curriculum: Design and Implementation
Maria B. Peterson1
Citation: Cullen, R., Hill, M., & Reinhold, R. (2012). Learner-Centered
Curriculum: Design and Implementation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
ISBN: 9781118171004
Publisher Description: Most of the scholarship on learner-centeredness is focused
on individual classroom pedagogy, but this book takes learner-centeredness
beyond the classroom and asks academic leaders to consider the broader
implications of making their institutions fully learner-centered. Systemic change
is needed, and curriculum is at the heart of what higher education does. To truly
effect change, the curriculum needs to be examined and aligned with learner-
centered practices. In this book, the authors offer both design specifications for a
learner-centered approach to curriculum as well as practical recommendations for
implementation and assessment. The book covers the need for redesigning
curriculum, curriculum design in the instructional paradigm, learner-centered
design in practice, implementation, program assessment (including a helpful
rubric for this), innovation through technology, and construction of learning
spaces that support learner-centered curricula.
Curriculum restrictions have been inhibiting faculty members from fully embracing learner-
centered practices. Because learners’ needs are quickly changing in regards to diversity and
technology, classrooms need to redesign programs that meet the needs of “Generation We.”
Society needs learners who are autonomous, engaged in lifelong learning, flexible, and who can
adapt quickly to new situations. Students who are intrinsically motivated will begin to
independently present themselves with more opportunities to connect through curriculum and
their learning, as well as creating individual self-efficacy (Cullen, Hill, & Reinhold, 2012).
The Learner-Centered Curriculum: Design and Implementation is directed at teachers
(primarily higher education) who are confronted with the diverse and ever changing needs of
undergraduate classes. The book is organized into chapters that go deeply into defining learner
centered curriculum, how it can be set up, and how the logistics of grading and classroom
arrangement can play a role in proper classroom facilitation. Allowing for student creativity and
self-efficacy as part of successful student improvement are common themes throughout the
entirety of this book.
The beginning of The Learner-Centered Curriculum: Design and Implementation
explores the importance of redesigning curriculum and how it plays a role in creating a learner-
centered classroom. The authors discuss the increased need and importance for individuals to be
resourceful and adaptable within work environments. The authors also reiterate that students
should develop a skill set to promote social adjustment with various cultures, as well as become
personally and socially responsible and integrative in their learning. The authors suggest that by
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1 Graduate Faculty at Texas Women’s University
Peterson, M. B.
Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, Vol. 12, No. 4, December 2012.
josotl.indiana.edu!!
137
supplementing current undergraduate courses to foster creativity and learner autonomy,
transposition of information occurs that in turn stimulates true, authentic learning.
The text continues to deliberate the implications of learner-centered curriculum and how
educators can effectively facilitate this type of learning environment. The authors discuss the
importance of learners being actively engaged in the strategy of their learning experiences,
creating individual goals, and having the ability to deliberate existing knowledge into newly
learned knowledge. Lifelong learning strategies occur when autonomy is developed and students
learn how to become more self-directed and determined in their learning.
The authors describe learner-centered practices in three domains: (1) creation of
community, (2) sharing of power, and (3) use of assessment for continuous improvement. A
useful table for faculty to appraise their current curricular design is included. The table creates a
focus on separating the design element of the curriculum into various, evaluative parts and
specifically examines: recursion, rigor, richness, relations, community building, power sharing,
and assessment. The authors find that when examining learning outcomes for specific programs,
faculty members must develop a plan of how to achieve and measure those outcomes and use the
rubric to brainstorm possible changes and specific strategies that may be implemented (Cullen et
al., 2012).
The conclusion examines the expected outcomes from using a learner-centered
curriculum. The authors conclude that the use of valuable assessments both direct and indirect,
facilitate the assessor as learner. The importance and need for using technology to support
instruction is also discussed. The authors stated that as learners become more adept at
monitoring and taking responsibility for their own learning, the use of technological tools will
become more effective.
The Learner-Centered Curriculum: Design and Implementation, provides a solid
foundation in understanding learner centered curriculum and its importance in working with
today’s students in today’s classrooms. The book would be most appropriate for undergraduate
faculty members; however, it has promising and feasible structures that any classroom would
benefit from, specifically in terms of preparing autonomous, self-efficacious learners.
Article
Backward design is a course creation method that encourages teachers to identify their goals for student understanding and measurable objectives for learning from the outset. In this article we explore the application of backward design to the production of scholarly articles. Specifically, we report on a writing group program that encourages group goal setting and the acquisition of skills required to achieve these goals. We discuss the relationships between backward design principles and the development of scholarship for publication as well as offer suggestions of best practices for academic writers.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.