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TRAYOPASTHAMBAS: THREE SUPPORTIVE PILLARS OF AYURVEDA

Authors:
  • Govt ayurved college osmanabad
  • Smt. K G Mittal Punarvasu Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Charni Road, Mumbai 02

Abstract

The Ayurvedic classical text Charka Samhita describes an analogous between the human body and a building. Any building requires pillars for its stability. The Sanskrit term for a pillar is Sthambha. Ayurveda state that for the appropriate maintenance of health one needs to have three Sthambhas (i.e. pillars) as well as three Upasthambhas (supporting pillars) functioning properly. The word Trayopastambha is derivative of two words Traya and Upasthambha. Traya means three and the word Upastambha means supporting pillars. The three Sthambha are the three Dosha (humors) Vata, Pitta and Kapha. The three Upastanbha are Aahaara (Food), Nidraa (Sleep) and Bhramacharya (Celibacy) i.e. regulated sexual conduct. Proper food replenishes the Bhautika constituents, sleep is helpful to soothe the mind and sensory motor apparatus and observance of celibacy or moderation in sex is responsible for spiritual well being. In this article three Upastanbha are outlined and explained about role of these factors in mental health.
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... [110][111] Proper and timely Sleep is one of the basic supportive pillars of life (Upastambha) that provides Pushti (nourishment), Bala (immunity), Vrshata (virility), Ayusha (longevity) as per Ayurveda. [112][113] Intake of Ksheera (Milk) and Sneha dravya (unctuous substances) like Ghrita (clarified butter/ Ghee) cures insomnia as per Ayurveda. [114] Also one of the main indication of Vijaya (Cannabis sativa) is Insomnia [6] which provides sound sleep in dose dependant manner. ...
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Covid-19 is an infectious disease caused by airborne virus SARS-CoV-2 was declared as global pandemic by WHO on 11th March 2020. Medical community is facing challenges in developing anti-viral medicines and vaccines, as various mutations in novel corona virus are causing hurdles in formulating an effective remedy. Environment is crowded with many microorganisms including pathogens like virus, bacteria, fungi, parasites etc. Hence immunomodulation (redirecting immunity to natural course) is the best way to tackle such pandemic situations. Ayurveda, the Indian system of medicine is the oldest science known to mankind has quite a few medicines and therapies to improve immune system. Vijaya (Cannabis sativa Linn.) is the one of the Divyaushadhi (celestial plant) mentioned in Ayurveda having Rasayana (Rejuvenative), Vyavayi (fast diffusing) and Yogavahi (synergetic) attributes. On the basis of Ayurvedic principles we made an attempt to interpret the immune modulating aspect of a rare Cannabis formulation Vijaya Ghrita, presumed to be liposomal medication that has swift bio-enhancing ability. Ayurvedic properties of the ingredients of Vijaya Ghrita found in classical texts could treat most of the symptoms of Covid-19 disease and the contemporary scientific researches of Cannabis phytochemicals on Covid-19 have shown significant results in reducing the pro-inflammatory cytokine storm, also to certain range halt the entry, replication of SARS-CoV-2.
... [1] As the physician is the most important and responsible part of the Chikitsa Chatushpada (quadruple of therapeutics) [2] mentioned in ancient classics (Charaka), it is the prime responsibility of the physician to arrive at the proper diagnosis, prescribe most suitable medicines, avoid unnecessary medication (polymedication), and also to include nonpharmacological intervention like lifestyle modification where ever required. [3] This will be possible when the clinician develops diagnostic skills to identify the complaint severity, seriousness and associated complaints and then manage accordingly. Furthermore, he must also make aware the concerned staff about the importance of medicines and guide them to minimize the wastage of medicines. ...
Chapter
Dating back more than 5000 years, Ayurveda is a complete system of healing originating from India. Ayurveda comes from two Sanskrit words: ayur, meaning life, and veda, meaning science or knowledge. It focuses not only on disease management but also on prevention and continued wellness. Its approach is unique in that it focuses on the root causes of diseases and offers an individualized plan for the client, based on his or her body constitution or Prakruti. Prakruti consists of three types of energetic bodies or humors called doshas, comprised of the five great elements as found in nature. Doshas are therefore affected not only by the diet we eat but also by the outside forces of nature. For that reason, lifestyle management regimens such as a daily routine (Dinacharya) based on the circadian rhythm and a seasonal routine (Ritucharya) are advocated. Treatment in Ayurveda, in general, involves improving the digestive fire (Agni) to increase metabolism and eliminating toxins (Ama). Regular detoxification therapies called Panchakarma help with balancing doshas, which is then followed by rejuvenation therapy (Rasayana) with specific herbs. Integrating Ayurveda with modern medicine can offer a more holistic approach in combating the current epidemic of obesity and chronic metabolic diseases.
Chapter
Ayurveda, which literally means knowledge of life, is the traditional school of Indian medicine. The chief source of information about Ayurveda is available in the Samhitas (encyclopedias), written in Sanskrit around 1000 BC, by Acharyas (the great scholars) Charaka and Sushruta. In Ayurvedic literature, Nidra (sleep) is mentioned as one of the three supporting pillars for maintaining good health. The classical literatures on Ayurveda advocate a holistic approach, with a combination of several procedures, for treating sleep disorders. Management of sleep disorders in Ayurvedic medicine, not only involves physical procedures, psychological treatment, drugs and diet regulations, but also prayer and yoga. Apart from the herbal formulations mentioned in Samhitas, there are also formulations in the market which are not mentioned in classical literature. Though some research studies have been undertaken in India and abroad to evaluate the efficacy of various Ayurvedic treatments, most of them have not assessed sleep using polysomnography. Owing to this and other deficiencies, the results of many of these studies have not been published in reputed medical journals. There is a dire need to investigate the various Ayurvedic treatments using standard techniques.
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