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Whales and dolphins (Mammalia, Cetacea) in the collections of the Museu Bocage, past and present

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Abstract

INTRODUCÏON The history of natural history collections in Lisbon goes back to 1772, when the Real Museu e Jardim Botânico da Ajuda was founded. During the late lSth century several expeditions were sent to the overseas Portuguese territories in Afriça and South America and these amassed large numbers of zoological, botanical and mineralogical specimens, which were placed in úe museum of Ajuda.
ARQUIVOS
DO
MUSEU
BOCAGE
Nova Série,
Vol.III,
n.o 11,
pp.337-356
30 de Novembro de 1999
WHALES AND DOLPHINS
(MAMMALIA,
CETACEA) IN THE
COLLECTIONS
OF
THE MUSEU BOCAGE, PAST AND PRESENT
ConNrus J. Hezevoer(t)
INTRODUCÏON
The history
of
natural history collections
in Lisbon
goes
back to 1772,
when
the Real Museu e
Jardim
Botânico da Ajuda
was founded. During the late lSth
century
several expeditions were sent to the
overseas
Portuguese territories
in
Afriça and
South America and these amassed large numbers
of zoological,
botanical and mineralogical
specimens,
which
were
placed
in úe museum
of
Ajuda.
A
thorough account of these remarkable expeditions
wâs
presented
by SrvoN
(1983).
In 1808,
during the French invasion ofPoúugal, large
parts (c.
2000
animal
and c. 3000
plant
specimens) of
the Ajuda
collection were confiscated and taken
to Paris,
where they were studied by members of the thriving French
scientific
community
of that time
(cf.
Havy, 1908).
Some
years
before,
parts
of the Ajuda
collections had already been moved to the University
of Coimbra.
In 1836,
what
remained
at
Ajuda
was transferred
to the
Museu da Academia Real das Ciências
de Lisboa. In 1858, the collections of the Museu
da
Academia das Ciências
were
incorporated in the zoology department
of
the Museu Nacional de Lisboa.
(r)
Museu
e
Laboratório Zoológico e Antropológico
(Museu
Bocage), Rua
da Escola
Politécnica
58,
1250-102
Lisboa,
Portugal;
email hazevoet@fc.ul.pt
!.-
338
Cornelis
J.
Hazevoet
During
the second half
of the l9th
century the
zoology
department
of the
Museu Nacional
beçame one of the
classical examples
of its kind
in Europe.
Large
collections were
assembled from
Portugal and
its overseas territories, particularly
those in
Africa. This was
largely due to the
unrelenting
efforts
of José Vicente
Barbosa
du Bocage
(1823-1907),
a scholarly
worker and the
foremost Poúuguese
zoologist
of his time
(see
Ar-rrleça,
1993). In
1905, the zoology
department
was
named the Museu
Bocage in his honour.
From the
l9l0s onwards,
with the
heydays
of collecting behind, the museum
entered a more
contemplative period.
The Museu Nacional
de História Natural
was founded in l9l9
and the Museu
Bocage became
part
of it. On l8 March
1978, the most tragic
of events took
place
when a fire
destroyed most
of
the
zoologiçal
collections. Ever
since, the Museu
Bocage has
struggled
to get
on its feet
again, working hard
on assembling
new
and representative
collections and presenting
both
permanent
and temporal
exhibitions for the
general
public.
Currently, an exhibition
on
Cetacea and the
marine
environment is under
construction
and to commemorate
that event
a vo-
lume
on marine mammals
has recently
been
published (Arrrarçe,
1998).
For concise
accounts
on the history of the natural
history
collections of Lisbon,
see Alulça
(t987,1993,
t996).
CETACEA AT AruDA
Among
the Ajuda specimens
that were
brought to France was
an Amazon
River Dolphin, then unnamed.
This was
collected in the lower
Amazon
basin of
Brazil between 1783 and
1790 during a Portuguese
expedition
led by Alexandre
Rodrigues
Ferreira
(cf.
FnaNç.n, 1922;
MrneNol Rmnno, 1943;
Sn'aoN, 1983;
Norraune,
1998). It was
described and illustrated
in Ferreira's account
on the
mammals
observed
during
his
expedition, which
was only
published
144
years
after
date
(Frnnrrna,
1934, republished 1971, 1972).
Although it has
been shown
that even
earlier manuscript descriptions
and illustrations
exist
(Fneot,
1966;
Rouano et al.,
1997), Bmnwnlr's
(1817)
designation of Inia
geoffrensis,
which was
based on
Ferreira's
specimen, constitutes the
oldest valid name for the taxon.
Today, the
holotype
(mounted
skin
and
skull) is still
present
in the collection
of the
Muséum
National d'Histoire Naturelle
at Paris
(cf.
vr,N Bnee
& RoarNreu, 1973).
Apparently, Ferreira also collected
a specimen of
SotaliaJluviatilis. This
was
identihed
by CenvalHo
(1965)
from a
picture
of the animal in Fennene
(1934,
republished 1971, 1972).
The subsequent history
and whereabouts
of the Sotalia
specimen are unclear. Two
specimens of dolphins
are
listed
in a late
18th
llhales and
dolphins in the
Museu Bocage
339
century
inventory of
the Ajuda
collectionsr . No details
are
given
other
than these
being
'Bôtos',
the common
Portuguese
name used for
a variety of dolphins at
that time
and we can only
assume
that they were the
two specimens collected
in Brazil.
It has sometimes
been written
that a dolphin skull
which
eventually became
the holotype
of Steno
bredanensis
was also
transferred from
Portugal to France
(e.g.
Mrvezert
&
PonnrN, 1994),butthis
assumption
is mistaken. Cuvlsn
(1812:
10)
stated
that a dolphin
skull
in the museum
of Paris
- inferred
to
be
the Steno
specimen
by
various authors
- was
brought
fiom Portugal
by Étienne Geoffroy
Saint-Hilaire.
However,
only
one dolphin
is listed
in a catalogue
of objects selected
from the
Ajuda collections
for transference
to Paris
(Herrav,
1908)2
and this was
doubtlessly
the specimen
of
I.
geoffrensrs discussed
above. Cuvtnn's
(1823)
writings
show that
he thought
the
isolated skull and
the mounted
specimen of
I.
geoffrensis
to
be of
the same
animal.
He duly corrected
this error
(Cuvlnn, 1823: 400) when the
real identity of
the skull
became apparent
after being
informed
about an identiçal
animal
by J.G.S.
van Breda,
a Dutch
zoologist and
paleontologist
who later became
director of
the Teyler
Museum,
Haarlem, Netherlands
(see
also W.E. S*rsvlLL
in
WerrtNs et
al.,
1987). Cuvier's
subsequent
description
of S. bredanensts
was
published in
LpssoN
(1828). The
Inia specimen
had in fact been
mounted
with its
skull,
which was
removed
from the
mount later in
the l9th Çentury
(cf. vaN BnnE
&
RoerNsau,
1973). The
designation of
Paimpol,
Bretagne,
France, as the
type
locality
of S. bredanensis
by
HsRsurovlrz
(1966) is based on
an eÍroneous
interpretation
of Cuvlsn
(1812).
The
latter reported
the stranding
of a
group
of
Globicephala
melas
(Tx.+ttr-, 1809) at that
location and
merely
mentioned the
existence
of other
cetacean
specimens
in the
Paris museum,
among which
the skull
of S.
bredanensls.
Hence,
the
provenance of
the,S/erlo specimen
and
-
by
implication
-
the type
locality of
the taxon
remain unknown.
I
Alcxandre
Rodrigucs
Fcrrcira,
ms. 1794.
'Inventario
geral,
e
particular dc
todos os
productos naturáes,
c artificiács,
instrumcntos,
livros,
untcnsiz,
c moveis,
pcrtcncentes ao Rcal
Gabincte
dc História
Natural,
Jardim
Botanico, etc.'. Original
kept at
the Bibliotcca Nacional,
Rio de Janciro
(Doc.
21.1.10);
typescript
transcription
examincd.
2
'Cataloguc dcs objets
choisis
parmi
ceux dcs
collcctions
d'Ajuda
dcstinés
a
être
transportés
a Paris
et
y
scrvir
a I'accroisscment
dcs collcctions
du Musóum
d'Histoirc
naturelÌe'
(Harrlv,
1908:
59-66).
This cataloguc
is bascd
on
the
original
documcnts
madc
up and signcd
by Étienne
Gcoffroy
SaintHilaire
and
Domingos
Vandclli
(Director
of
the Museum
of Ajuda) in
Lisbon
in I 808.
340
Cornelis
J. Hazevoet
MUSEU
BOCAGE:
THE
OLD
COLLECTION
Foúunately,
most
of the
historical
arçhive
of the
Museu
Bocage
survived
the
1978
fire
and
documents
therein
shed
some
light
on
the
specimens
of
cetacea
kept
in the
old
museum.
The
oldest
manuscripts
of interest
in
relation
to cetaceans
date
from
1796
and
1798,
respectively,
in
which
the
Governor
of
Mozambique
makes
recommendations
towards
the
establishment
of
a
portuguese
whaling
industry
in
that
territory (Appendix
1). The
first
document
relating
to
a specimen
dates
from
1834
and
repoús
the
stranding
ofa
whale
ofunspecified
identity
at
praia
do Torrão
near
Almada,
announcing
that
arrangements
are
being made
to
deliver
the
lower
jaw
of the
animal
to
the museum3.
This may
well
be the
mandlble
of
physeter
macrocephalus
mentioned
in
a
catalogue
of material
in
the
Museu
da
Academia
das
ciênciasa.
A tooth
of Monodon
monoceros
is listed
in
the
same
catalogue.
Among
the
manuscripts
in the
arçhives
of the
Museu
Bocage
is
also
a list
of
Portuguese
mammals
in
the
collection5
but only
two
cetaceans
are
mentioned
therein,
viz.
Delphinus
delphis
and
phocoena
phocoena.
An
undated
note6,
possibly
representing
a list
of
all cetacean
material present
at the
time,
mentions
nine
specimens
of
five taxa.
Although
large
numbers
of specimens
were
acquired
during
the
lgth
century
Cetacea
apparently
constituted
only a
modest part
of the
collections.
Probably
this
was
at least partly
due
to the
difficulty
of
preserving
Cetacea
because
of their
size
and
skin, although
this
would
not have
prevented
the
collection
of osteological
specimens.
Equally,
whales
and
dolphins
rarely
figure
in
the numerous
publications
by Bocage
and his
co-workers.
In
a
paper
on the
mammals
and reptiles
of
portugal,
Bocace (1863)
mentioned
the
occurrence
in
portuguese
waters
of
phocoena
phocoena,
Delphinus
delphis,
orcinus
orca,
Tursiops
truncatus,
as
well as
unidentified
Mysticeti.
Further
details
of cetacean
specimens
from
portugal
in
the
collection
were given
by
Srenu
(l
900,
1907).
osóruo
(sine
anno) published
a
paper
on
specimens
of Physeter
macrocephalus
and
Ziphius
cavirostris,
giving
osteological
data for
both
taxa
and noting
the
existence
of
three
mandibles
of
r
Lcttcr
by José
Joaquim
da
Silva
chavcs,
provcdor
do
concclho
dc
Almada,
d,ated,
23
July 1834,
to thc
Director
ol rhc
Muscu
Nacional
e Real (Rcm.
30).
a
Francisco
dc
Assis
de carvalho,
ms.
1836.'Animacs
vcrtebrados
- Mammalogia'(Rem.
431).
5
J.V.
Barbosa
du Bocage,
ms. 1896.'Mammiferos
de Portugal
cxistentcs
na
collecção
montada' (Rem.
l).
6
J.V.
Barbosa
du Bocagc,
ms.
undatcd, probably
c. 1900.
'cctáceos
do Museu
de
Lisboa'
(Rcm.
9a).
Ilhales and
dolphins in
the
Museu Bocage
P. macrocephalus
Ln the collection of the Museu Bocage.
The
specimen of
Z.
cavirostris
is still kept in the collection of
the Aquário Vasco da Gama, Dafundo,
Lisbon.
Only a few specimens of
Cetacea appear to have entered
the collection
during
the first three
quarter
of
the 20th century. TnIxBtnR
(7979a,
b) studied
the
specimens
of cetaceans
from Portugal at the Museu
Bocage
shortly
before
the
fatal fire and
his work contains
invaluable information.
Based
on
information retrieved
from the
Arquivo
Histórico do Museu
Bocage as well as
published data, a
provisional
list
of specimens
of Cetacea
in the old collection
has
been
compiled
(Appendix
2).
THEPRESENTCOLLECÏON
During the
last decades,
the
study
of cetaceans in
Portugal has increased
considerably
and this has resulted
in a
growing
number of
specimens being
presented to the Museu Bocage.
The current collection of Cetacea
comprises 78
specimens
representing 15 species-level
taxa, details ofwhiçh
are
presented
in the
Systematic
List below. The oldest specimens
are from
1915 and the large majority
stems
from mainland
Portugal and adjacent seas. Others
are from the
Azores
(7),
Morocco
(2),
Guinea-Bissau
(2)
and
the
Cape
Verde Islands
(l).
Of each specimen
the following data are
given:
catalogue
number, nature of
the material, sex
(if
known), locality, date and
collector. Str.r//
implies cranium and/or
rostrum with or
without
mandibles, skeleton
means skeleton and skull. Unless
stated otherwise,
locations
given
are
ffom the Portuguese
mainland. When additional
data on a
particular specimen have been
published, references are
given in the appropriate
entry.
Although
specimens
in a museum collection
do not necessarily
reflect relative
abundance,
the number
of specimens of
different taxa
in the
present
catalogue
agrees
reasonably well
with the
general
pattem
of
occurrence
along Portuguese
coasts
(cf.
TerxerRa,
1979b; TplxEIne
& Ducuv, 1981;
INÁcto, sine anno; SpQuplne
et
al.,1992,1996).
SYSTEMATICLIST
BALAENOPTERIDAE
Balaenoptera
acutorostrata
LecnrÈoe,
I
804
89.05.01.
Skeleton,
female,
Peniche,30
May 1989,
M.L. Sequeira
and M.G.
Ramalhinho
coll.
(Sequrrne
et al.,
1992).
341
342
Cornelis
J. Hazevoet
PTIYSETERIDAE
Kogia
breviceps (oa
Br,enrvrlr_o,
lg3g)
81.04.01.
Skull,
unsexed,
Praia
de
Salgueiros,
vilaNova
de
Gaia,
porto,2g
April
1981,
F.
Reiner
coll.
(RlrNun,
l98l;
Snqurrue
et al.,1992).
ZPHIIDAE
Ziphius
cavirostris
G.
Cuvren, 1823
77.05.01.
Skull,male,PortoDinheiro,Peniche,2April
rgTj,A.M.TeixeiraandF.
Reiner
coll.,
(Ttrxrna,7979a,
b; hvÁcro,
sine
anno).
Mesoplodon
densirostris
(on
BI-erNvrlr,n,
l
g
l7)
79.02.01.
Skull,
female,
Praia
de
carcavelos,
cascais,
9
February
l97g,F.Reiner
coll.
(Rrrxm,
1979;
Snqunrxt
et al., 1992).
Mesoplodon
bidens (SowEnrv,
1804)
81.09.01.
Body
mould,
male,
Vila
Franca
do
Campo,
São Miguel,
Azores,
24
September
198 l,
F. Reiner
coll. (RrrNrn,
1990).
Mesoplodon
europaeus
Genvers,
1855
79.02.03.
Skull,
unsexed,
Guinea-Bissau,
February
lgjg,F.
Reiner
coll.
(R-arNrn,
1980).
Given
as 1980
in Renqgn
&
SruÕss
(1999)
but this
must
be an
eror.
86. I I
.0 l.
Body
mouÌd,
male, Praia
do Inatel,
oeiras,
5 November
19g6,
donated
by
Aquário
vasco
da
Gama, Dafundo,
Lisbon (Saqulrne
et al.,
1992).Not
female,
contra
IuÁcro (sine
anno).
89.08.02.
Skull
and hyoid,
Faial,
Azores,
2 I August
1989,
donated
by Departamento
de
oceanografia
e Pescas,
universidade
dos Açores (RrrNnn
et al.,
1993)
.
DELPHINIDAE
Peponocephala
electra
(Gnav,
I
846)
93.06.01.
skull,
unsexed, Praia
do Norte,
são vicente,
cape
verde
Islands,
l0 July
1993,
F. Reiner
coll.
(RErNrn
et a\.,1996).
This
is the
only record
so far
from the
t
I
ì
I
Whales
and dolphins
in the
Museu
Bocage
cape verde
Islands
(cf.
HezEvonr
& wENzEr-, in press).
It
was not
mentioned
by
MrcNuccr-GrANNoNr
et al.
(1998)
in their
overview
of Atlantic
records
of the
taxon.
Pseudorca
crassidens (OweN,
1846)
82.08.01.
Skull,
unsexed,
São Caetano,
Pico, Azores,
August
1982,F.
Reiner and
R. Santos
coll.
(RrrNen
& SeNros,
1984; RrrNnn,
1990).
85.03.02.
Skull, male,
Banco Princesa
Alice
(37"50'N,
29"17'W),
southwest
of Faial,
Azores,
6 May 1984,
F. Reiner
coll.
(RerNEn
& Lecnnol, 1989;
RlrNrn,
1990).
Grampus
griseus
(G.
Culren, 1812)
86.06.01.
Skull, male,
Praia de
São Torpes,
Sines,27
June
1986,
F.
Reiner coll.
(Snqunrne
et al., 1992).
89.04.02. Body
mould,
female, Praia
da Luz,
Lagos, 16
April 1989,
donated
by
Aquário Vasco
da
Gama, Dafundo,
Lisbon.
(Sequnne
et al.,
1996).
99.01.03.
Skull, male, Praia
da Samarra,
Ericeira, 19
January 1999,
donated
by
polícia
Marítima
da Ericeira.
Globicephala melas (Tne.nr-,
1809)
79.05.01.
Skull, female,
São
Jacinto, Aveiro,
7 May 1979,
F. Reiner coll.
(Saqurrne
et al.,1992).
Sousa teuszii
(KürENruer-,
1892)
89.03.01. Skeleton,
male, Ilha
de Canhabaque,
Guinea-Bissau,
March 1989,
donated
by Instituto
Nacional
de
lnvestigação
das Pescas.
Contrary to
Sequene
&
RlrNpn
(1992)
this was
not the first
published
record
for Guinea-Bissau
(cf.
SreeNs, 1990).
Photographs
of the animal
and the
skull were
published
in
RrrNnn &
SrMÕss
(1999).
Delphinus
delphis Lnwerus,
1758
00.00.34. Skeleton,
unsexed, São
Jacinto,
Aveiro,
no date, M.G.
Ramalhinho
coll.
75.05.08.
Skull, male, Mar de
Cascais,
16
April 1975, A.M.
Teixeira coll.
(Tolxlne,
1919a, b).
Same individual as
75.05.09.
75.05.09. Body
mould, male, Mar
de Cascais, 16 April
1975, A.M. Teixeira
coll.
(Torxnrne,
1979a,b).
Same individual
as 75.05.08.
17.05.01. Skull, unsexed,
Póvoa
de
Yarzim,25llíay
1977,
^.M.
Teixeira coll.
(Toxotnt,
1979
a,b).
343
344
Cornelis
J. Hazevoet
77.05.02.
Skull,
unsexed, Póvoa
de Varzim, 26May
1977, A.M.
Teixeira
coll.
(Trxuna,
1979a.b).
17.06.10.
Skull, male,
Mar da Adega,
Sesimbra,
3 June 1971
,
A.M.
Teixeira coll.
(Torxane,
1979
a,b).
17.09.04.
Skull,
unsexed, Vila
Franca do
Campo,
São
Miguel,
Azores,
September
1971
,
A.M.
Teixeira
coll.
78.09.03.
Skull, unsexed,
Praia da Rocha,
Portimão, Algarve,
September
1978, A.M.
Teixeira
coll.
(Soqunna,
et al. 1992).
79.01.11.
Skull, unsexed, Sesimbra,
30 January 1979,F.
Reiner
coll.7
79.01.12.
Skull, unsexed, Sesimbra,
30 January l9l9,F.
Reiner
coll.
79.01.13.
Skull, male,
Sesimbra, 30 January
1919,F. Reiner
coll.
79.0L14.
Skull, unsexed,
Sesimbra, 30
January 1979,F. Reiner
coll.
79.01.15.
Skull,
male,
Sesimbra,30
January
1979,F. Reinercoll.
79.01.16.
Skull, unsexed,
Sesimbra,
30 January 1979,F. Reiner
coll.
19.02.17.
Skull, male,
Sesimbra,
1 February
1919,F. Reiner
coll.
(SEqunna
e/ c/.,
1992).
79.08.18.
Skull, female,
Olhão, Algarve,
3
August
1979,F. Reiner
coll.
(SoquEnn
er
al.,1992).
79.08.19.
Skull, unsexed, Ilha
da
Culatra, Olhão, Algarve,2l
August
l9i9,F.Reiner
coll.
(Snqurna
et al.,1992).
80.01.20. Body mould,
male,
off Cap Beddouga,
Morocco,
18
January 1980, F.
Reiner coll.
Presumably
same individual
as
80.01.21.
80.01.21.
Skeleton, male,
offCap Beddouga,
Morocco,
18 January
1980,
F. Reiner
coll. Presumably
same individual
as 80.01.20.
80.02.22.
Skeleton, male,
Sesimbra,
7
February
1980,
F. Reiner
coll.s
80.03.23.
Skull, male, Farilhões,
Berlengas,
l3 March
1980, F.
Reiner
coll.
(Soqurrnn
et al.,1992).
80.03.25.
Skull, male,
Assenta, Ericeira,
3
March
1980, F. Reiner
coll.
(Stqutrn.a
e/
aL.,7992).
80.04.24.
Skull, male, Vila
Franca
do Campo,
São Miguel, Azores,
2 Aprtl
1980, F.
Reiner
coll.
(RarNEn,
1990).
82.06.26.
Skull, male,
Cascais,
June 1982, F. Reiner
coll.
(Stqurna
et al., 1992).
83
.10.27
. Skull, male,
Praia da Luz,
Cabo Espichel,
I 6 October
1 983, F. Reiner
coll.
(Srquurne
et al., 1992).
7
Sequerre et
al.
(1992)
list 18
unknown which
of these
are thc six
8
Sequerne
et al.
(1992)
list four
of
thcsc
is the
spccimcn in MB.
unscxcd
specimens, Scsimbra,
30 January
1979. It is
specimcns in MB.
malcs,
Sesimbra,
7
Fcbruary
1980. It is
unknown
which
Whales
and dolphins
in the Museu
Bocage
83.11.28.
Skull,male, IlhadaArmona,Olhão,Algarve,
l0November
l983,F.Reiner
coll.
(Srquuu
et al.,1992).
85.03.29.
Skull, male, Praia
de Afife, Viana
do Castelo, 26March
1985, F.
Reiner coll.
(Snqunna,
et al., 1992).
86.01.30.
Skull, female, Mexilhoeiro,
Cascais,
8 January 1986, F. Reiner
coll.
(SEqunrne
et al.,1992).
86.01.3 1.
Skull, male, Aveiro,
Vagueira, 27
January 1986, F. Reiner
coll.
(Snquerne
et a1.,1992).
86.01.32.
Skull,
male,
Praia de Fão, Esposende,3l
January 1986, F.
Reiner coll.
(Suqunrne
et al., 1992).
86.0233.
Skull, male, Praia da Bica, Parede,
17 February 1986, F. Reiner
coll.
(Saqurna
et al.,1992).
87.11.05.
Skeleton and body mould,
male, c.
38"20'N, 8"56'W 8 November
1987,
M.L. Sequeira
coll.
(SrquErRA
el al., 1992).
87.11.06.
Skeleton and body mould, male,
c. 38"20'N,
8'56'W 8 November
1987,
M.L. Sequeira
coll.
(SequErRA
el al., 1992).
87 .I1.07
.
Mounted
skeleton and body mould, male,
c.38o20'N, 8"56'W
8 November
1987, M.L.
Sequeira coll.
(Sequnrne
et al., 1992).
89.04.35.
Skull, male, São Jacinto, Aveiro,8
April 1989, M.L.
Sequeira and
V. Encarnação
coll.
(SnquEÌRA
e/ al.,1996).
90.
I1.36.
Skeleton, male, Praia
do Guincho,
Cascais,
15
November 1990,
O. Luís,
L.
Fonseca and R.
coll.
(Soqulrne
et al., 1996).
92.11.37.
Skeleton, male, Angeiras,
Matosinhos, Porto, 29
November 1992,M.L.
Sequeira coll.
(Soqurrne
et al.,1996).
Tursiops truncatus
(MoNracu,
I 82 l)
82.04.01.
Skull,
male,
Praia de Magoito, Ericeira,
Sintra, 23 April 1982, F. Reiner
coll.
(Soqunrne
et al., 1992).
84.11.02.
Skull, female, Setubal, l5 November
1984, F. Reiner coll.
(Srqurrna
eral.,
1ee2).
86.01.03. Skull, female, Praia do Pêgo,
Comporta, Seúbal,
22
lanuary 1986, F. Reiner
coll.
(Sequrne
et al.,1992).
90.06.04. Mounted
skeleton, female, Tróia, Setúbal, 26
June
1990, M.L.
Sequeira and
M.G. Ramalhinho
coll.
(Srquuna
et a1.,1996).
90.06.05.
Skull,
female
(foetus
of 90.06.04), Tróia, Setúbal, 26 June 1990,
M.L.
Sequeira and M.G. Ramalhinho coll.
(Srqurrne
et a1.,1996).
93.11.06.
Skull, female, Tróia, Setúbal, ll November 1993, M.L.
Sequeira coll.
(Soquerna
et al., 1996).
34s
346
Cornelis
J. Hazevoet
Stenella
coeruleoalba (MrvrN,
I 833)
77 .01.02.
Skull, female,
Mar
da Adega,
Sesimbra,
3 June 1977,
A.M.
Teixeira
coll.
(Terxlrnn,
l979a,b).
80.02.03. Body
mould,
male,
Sesimbra,
14 February
1980,
F. Reiner
coll., same
individual
as
80.02.04
(Sequrrna
et a1.,1992).
80.02.04.
Skeleton,
male,
Sesimbra, 14
February
1980, F.
Reiner
coll.,
same individual
as
80.02.03
(Snqurrne
et a|.,1992).
80.04.05.
Skull, female,
Vila Franca
do Campo,
São Miguel,
Azores, 2
ApÀl1980,
F.
Reiner
coll.
(Ru.rm,
1990).
83.11.06.
Skull, female,
Praia
de
Carcavelos, 11
November 1983,
F.
Reiner
coll., same
individual
as
83.1 1.07
(SequErna
et al.,1992).
83.11.07.
Body
mould, female,
Praia
de
Carcavelos,
ll November
1983,
F. Reiner
coll.,
same individual
as
83.1 1.06
(StquErna
et al., 1992).
85.08.08.
Skull, unsexed,
l4 miles
off Ilha
daFuzetaOlhão,
Faro,
l3 August
1985,
F. Reiner
coll.
(SnquErnt
et al.,
1992).
86.02.09.
Skull, male,
Praia
de Melides,
Sines, 25 February
1986, F.
Reiner
coll.
(Snqurrnr
et al., 1992).
86.06. 10.
Skull, female,Praia
da Bafureira,
Parede, 12
June 1986,
F.
Reiner
coll.
(Srqunrne
et al., 1992).
88.02.01.
Skull, male, Melides,
Sines, 23
February
1988, M.L.
Sequeira
coll.
(Snqurrne
et al.,1992).
PHOCOENIDAE
Phocoena phocoena
(LnrNanus,
1
758)
78.04.42.
Skull and
body mould,
female,
cabo
da Roca, l8
April 1978,
F.
Reiner
coil.
(TErxene,
1979b
Srqurrne
et
a1.,1992).
78.10.03.
Skull, female,
Ericeira,
30 October
1978, F.
Reiner
coll.
79.06.04.
Skull,
male, Mar
da Marateca,
cascais, 1
June l9l9,F.
Reiner
coll.
(Sequprne
et
al",1992).
79.08.09.
Skull, male,
Sines, l7 August
1979,F.
Reiner coll.
(SEqunrne
et
al., 1992).
79.08.05.
Skull, unsexed,
Olhão,
Algarve,
29 August
1979,F.
Reiner
coll.e
80.01.06.
Skull, male,
São João do
Estoril, l9
January 1980,
F. Reiner
coll.
(Sequone
et al.,1992).
82.02.07.
Skull, female,
Praia
do Guincho,
Cascais,
l5 February
l9B2,F.
Reiner
coll.
(Snquarru.
et al., 1992).
85.05.08.
Skull, male,
Tocha, Figueira
da Foz, 17
May 1985,
F. Reiner
coll.
(Snquarna
et
al.,1992).
88.03.0 I
. SkeÌeton,
female,
juvenile,
São Jacinto,
Aveiro,
3 March
1 988,
M.L.
Sequeira
coll. (Snquernr
et al.,1992).
I
t
!
i
l4/hales
and
dolphins
in the
Museu
Bocage
341
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
I wish
to thank
Prof.
carlos Almaça (Director,
Museu Bocage)
for
his
advise
and
encouragement.
Dr
Marina
Sequeira
(Instituto
da
conservação
da
Natureza,
Lisboa)
kindly
checked
the data
of specimens
collected
by her. Dr
w.F.
perrin
(Southwest
Fisheries
Science
center, La
Jolla,
califomia)
answered queries
during
the
preparation
of this
paper.
Marta
Lourenço
and
Jorge Magalhães
(both
of the
Museu
de ciênçia
da universidade
de Lisboa)
assisted in
transcribing
early
Portuguese
manuscripts.
Pascale Heurtel (Bibliothèque
centrale
du Muséum
Natio-
nal
d'Histoire
Naturelle,
Paris) and
Elsbeth zwart (Plantage
Bibliotheek,
universiteit
van
Amsterdam)
provided
literature
references.
RESUMO
São fornecidos
neste artigo pormenores
sobre os
espécimens
de
cetacea
da
colecção
do
Museu Bocage
de Lisboa.
Actualmente,
existem
78 espécimens,
entre
os
quais
Balaenopteridae
(l),
Physeteridae
(l),
Ziphidae (6),
Delphinidae (61)
e
Phocoenidae
(9).
A
grande
maioria
destes
espécimens
tem
origem
em
portugal
Continental,
sendo alguns provenientes
dos
Açores,
Marrocos,
Guiné Bissau
e
cabo
verde.
os espécimens pertencentes
à
antiga colecção,
adquirida
sobretudo
durante
o século
XIX, foram
destruídos
no incêndio
de 1978. Felizmente,
grande
parte
dos arquivos
históricos
foram
salvos.
No
que
diz respeito
a
cetacea,
foi
efectuada
uma tentativa
de reconstituir
os conteúdos
da colecção
perdida,
baseada
quer
em informação
de arquivo, quer
em
publicações.
Do
mesmo modo,
é
brevemente
discutida
a história
das colecções, que
data
do final do
século XVIII.
SUMMARY
Details
of the
specimens
of Cetacea in
the
collection
of
the
Museu
Bocage,
Lisbon,
are
given.
At
present
there are
78
specimens, viz.
Balaenopteridae (l),
Physeteridae (1),
Ziphidae
(6),
Delphinidae (61),
and Phocoenidae (9).
The large
majority
of these
are from
continental Portugal
with a few
specimens
from the
Azores,
Morocco,
Guinea-Bissau
and the
Cape
Verde Islands.
Specimens
in the
old
collection,
largely
acquired
during the lgth
century
were
destroyed by fire
in 1978.
e
Sequerne et
al.
(1992)
list
four malcs
and two females,
Olhão, 29
August
1979. It is
unknown which
of these
is the
specimcn in
MB.
348
Cornelis J. Hazevoet
Fortunately, much
of
the historical
archives were
saved.
Based
on the archives
as
well
as
published
data, an attempt was
made to reconstruct the
contents of the
lost
collection as far as
Cetacea
are
concemed. The history
of the collections,
which
goes
back
to
the late lSth century, is
briefly discussed.
REFERENCES
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C.,
1996. A natural history museum
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RrrNrn, F., M.E. Dos SANros & F.W. WsNzsr, 1996. Cetaceans of the
Cape
Verde
archipelago.
Marine Mammãl Science, 12: 434-443.
Rorrarno, 4., A.I. Acuoo & S.J. BroNoer-l nr Acuno, 1997. The
scientific discovery
of
the
Amazon River Dolphin Inia
geoffrensis.
Marine Mammal Science, 13: 419-426.
SsesRA,
A.F. or, 1900. Mammiferos
de
Portugal
no Museu de Lisboa. Jornal de
Sciencias
Mathematicas, Physicas e Naturaes
(Lisboa),
Sér. 2, 6
(22):
90-115.
SreeRA,
A.F. op, I
907. Note sur
les
Cétacés du Portugal. A
propos
d'une nouvelle espèce
pour
1a faune Porhrgaise. Bulletin de la Sociëté Portugaise de
Sciences
Naturelles,l:46-47.
Srqurne,
M.L., A. INÁcro
&
F. RstNIrn, 1992.
Arrojamentos de
mamíferos
marinhos na costa
Pottuguesa
entre 1978 e
1988.
Estudos de Biologia e Conservação
da Natureza
(Lisboa),
7: l-48.
SEquEre-1, M.L., A. h.rÁcro, M.A. Srrve & F. RErNrn, 1996. Anojamentos
de mamíferos
marinhos na costa continental Porhrguesa
entre
1989
e
1994. Estudos
de Biologia e
Conservação da
Natureza
(Lisboa),
19: 1-52.
SpeuErna, M.L. & F. RrtNsn,
1992. First
record of an Atlantic humpback d olphin,
Sousa
teuszii
Kükenthal, 1892
(Cetacea:
Delphinidae) in Guinea-Bissau. Mammalia,
56: 3l
l-313.
SruoN,
W.J., 1983. Scientific expeditions in the Portuguese overseas tenitories
(1783-1808)
and the role of Lisbon in the intellectual-scientific community of the late
eighteenth
century. Instituto de Investigação Ciêntifica Tropical, Lisboa. xvi
+
193
pp.
SreeNs,
8., 1990. Dolphins in the coastal area of Guiné Bissau. Lutra, 33: 126-133.
Terxlrna, A.M., 1979a. Algumas notas sobre os mamíferos marinhos da costa Portuguesa.
Museu
do
Mar,
Cascaìs.
7l
pp.
Terxernn, A.M., 1979b.
Marine mammals
of
the Portuguese coast. Zeitschrift
für
S tiu
geti
er kunde, 44: 221
-238.
Tnxrrne, A.M.
&
R. Ducuv, 1981. Observations de Delphinidés dans les eaux cotières
Portugaises. Relatórios de Actividades do Aquário Vasco da
Gama
(Lisboa),
9:
1-9.
WarrrNs, W.4.,
P. Tvecr, K. Moon-e
& G.
Norensenroro u
Screne,
1987.
Steno bredanensis
in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Mammal Science,3:
'18-82.
I4rhaks
and
dolphins
in
the
Museu
Bocage
APPENDIX
1
Letters
recommending
the
establishment
of a
portuguese
whaling
industry
in
Mozambique
(Rem.
22g).
The
first letter,
dated
23
September
1796,
isby
Dom
Diogo
de
Souza,
Govemor
of Mozambique,
addressing
Sr. Luís
pinto
de
souza, presumably
a
government
offrcial.
The
second
letter,
dated
2 January
179g,
is
by Dom
Rodrigo
de
Souza
coutinho,
addressing
members
of the
portuguese
government,
and refers
to the
earlier
letter.
In
the
transcription,
the
original
spelling
has
been
maintained.
Il.-o
Ex.-o
Snr.
Luis Pinto
de Souza
Em
o
paragrafo
setimo
da carta
de 28
de
Novembro
do ano preterito
me
dis
v. Ex.u,
que
frzera pôr
na
çonsiderasão
da Real
Junta
do
comercio
o meu
oficio
de
9 de
Agosto
de 1194, para
consultar
a Sua
Magestade
o
que
lhe
parecere
mais
adquado
ao projecto
da pescaria
das
baleias nesta
costa
e não
duvido, que
os Deputados
da
dita Junta
convenhão
na
utilidade
dele, porem
duvido
com
muita
rezão,
que
tenhas
ideias pozitivas
para
o meter
em
ordem
ou que
achem nesa
cidade
quem
lhas
fornesa.
Eu
estimarei
bem,
que
v. Ex.u
o não perca
de vista, pois
a
concurrencia
de vinte
a
vinte
cinco Navios
que
todos
os
anos
vem
d'Inglaterra,
e da
philadelphia
a referida pescaria,
e
a
que
havia
tambem
de Navios
Françezes
antes
da
guerra,
bastantemente
prova
o quanto
nós
nela
mais
podemos
interesar
sem
sofrer
os
incomodos
aque
eles
se sugeitão.
Deus
Guarde
a VEx."
Mosambique
23
de
Setembro
de 1796.
D. Diogo
de Souza
Illustrissimo
e Exmo
Meretissimo
Senhor
Sua
Magestade
manda
remeter
á Real
Junta
do
comercio
a carta
incluza
do
Governador
e
capitão
General
de
Mossambique.
He Servida que
a
Junta proceda
ao
exame
do
milhor
Passo que
sepoderia
seguir para
se estabelecer
a
pesca
da
Balêa
na
costa
de Mossambique;
e examinando
apossibilidade
eutilidade
que
haverâ para
o estabelecimento
de Associações
livres
que
deste Reino
e do
Brazil
fizessem
a Pesca
das Balêas,
não
nas
costas
do Brazil,
e Africa
mas
ainda
asmesmas
Pescas
volantes, que
praticão
no Alto
mar
os
Americanos
e Inglezes,
consulte
a Sua
Magestade
o
que
parecer
mais
fundado
neste
respeito;
tendo
emgrande
concideração
obeneficio que
rezultaria
á nossa
Marinha
detão
extensas
Pescarias,
que
sepoderião
izemptar
detodos
os
Direitos
naparte
detodos
os
Productos
que
se exportão para
fora
do
Reino, gravandose
aquelles
que
se
consomem
no
mesmo
Reino.
D'.
G."
avE.'u
Palacio
de
Queluz
em
dois
de
Janeiro
de mil
sete
centos
noventa
e
oito.
Dom
Rodrigo
de Souza
Coutinho,
Senr.
Marquez
Mordomo
351
352
Cornelis J.
Hazevoet
APPENDIX2
Provisional
list of Cetacea
in the collection
of
the Museu
Bocage
prior to 1978.
Data from
documents
in the
Arquivo Histórico
do Museu
Bocage
and
published
information
as indiçated.
In some
cases
it was difficult
to reconcile
information
fiom different
sources.
Vy'hen
doubts
remain this
is mentioned
in the entry concerned.
Nomenclature
has been
modified
according to current
usage.
BAIÁENOITTERIDAE
Balaenoptera
musculus
(LnrNenus, 1758)
L Left
mandible
of an
adult,
Poúugal
(?), prior to 1900
(Trxrne,
1979a,
b;
Rem.9a).
2.
Baleen
plates,
Seúbal
(Se.tene,
1900).
Perhaps same
as B.
physalus No. I.
Balaenoptera
physalus
(Lnwarus, 1758)
l. Baleenplates,
Portugal
(?),
c. 1890
(?) (Tuxnrnr,l979a, b;
Rem.9a).
Parts of
baleen
plates where
presented to the Museu
de Ciências
Naturais
do
Liceu de
da Bandeira,
Santarem,
in 1925
(Div.
530a).
2.
Foetus,
female,
Portugal
(?) (Tnxrru,l979a,b).
Balaenoptera
acutorostrata
LacppÈls,
1
804
1. Skeleton,
female,
Setúbal,
1905
(Slenna, 19071'
Nonnn, 1935;
TExrne'
l979a,b).
Balaenopteridae
indet.
Various osteological
parts of indeterminate
whales caught
along
the coast of
Portugal
(SEmna, 1900; Nonnn,
1935).
PHYSETERIDAE
Physeter
macrocephalus
Lnneeus,
1758
l. Six
teeth of
unknown
provenance,
mentioned
in a
list of objects
in the Museu
da
Academia
das Ciências
in 1837
(Div.
a0).
2. Mandible,
probably Praia do
Torrão,
Almada, July
1834
(Osoruo,
sine
anno,Plate
2,Fig.5;
Rem. 9a,
Rem 30,
Rem
437, Rem. 543).
ílhales
and dolphins
in
the
Museu
Bocage
353
3. Mandible,
Azores,
early 20th
century
(Osóruo,
sine
anno,plate2,Fig.
I
& 3).
4.
Mandible,
Azores (?),
early 20th
century (osónro,
sine
anno,prate2,Fig.2
&
4).
MONODONTIDAE
Monodon
monoceros
LnvNeeus,
l75g
1.
One tooth
(presumably
male)
of unknown
provenance
(Rem.
9a, Rem
437).
DEIÌHINIDAE
Tursiops
truncatus (MoNmcu,
1821)
l.
Skeleton,
adult, Pico,
Azores,
1878 (Rem.
480).
2.
Foetus,
Pico,
Azores,
1878 (Rem.480).
3. Skeleton,
female,
Seúbal,
c. 1905 (Sreere,
1907;
Trrxerne
,
lgi.gb).
Delphinus
delphis
Ln'iNenus,
1758
l.
Skeleton,
female (?),
Portugal (Sranna,
1900).
2.
Skull, Portugal (Sneeu,
1900).
3. Hyoid,
female,
Seúbal
(Suenna,
1900).
4. Vertebrae,
without
data (Sneena,
1900).
5. Skeleton,
female,
Setubal,
1890
(Seenna,
1900,
1907).
6. Skeleton,juvenile,
Setubal,
1890,
identificationuncertain(Snenne,
1907;
Tpxrrne,
1979a).
7. Foetus,
Seúbal,
c. 1894, identification
uncertain (sEarnn,
1900;
TerxErna
,1979a).
8. Foetus,
male,
Portugal,
1922 (Tuxtrnr,
l979a,b).
9. Skull
and forelimbs,
Sesimbra,
Setubal,
August
l97l
(Trrxrrne,l979a,b).
Delphinus/Stenella
sp.
1.'Delphinu,s',
purchased
from
Maison
Verreaux,
paris,
in
1860
(Rem.
454,
Rem.543).
2.
Skull,
France
("Delphinus
dubius?,39
dents partous")
(Rem.
9a).
perhaps
same
as No.
l;if this
would indeed
be the
çase, the
designation'France'should
not
be
given
too
much weight
as the
dealers
of Maison
verreaux
assembled
specimens
from
many parts
of the
world.
3. Skull,
Cape
Verde Islands ("Delphinus
dubius?
Cuv. ou D.
germiensis?")
(Rem.
354
Cornelis J. Hazevoet
9a.).
4.
Skull, Cape
Verde Islands
("Resemblent
au
precedent
[:
No. 2] mais
37 dents
de chaque coté
plus
forts et
plus
espacée
que
dans
I'autre")
(Rem.
9a).
Nos. 2, 3 and 4 may have been referable to either S. attenuata
(Gnav,
1846) or S.
frontalis
(G.
Cuvrm,
1829),
but this remains conjecture only.
Stenella coeruleoalba
(MEvrN,
I 833)
l. Sk1Ì11,
Portugal
(?),
c. 1890
(?).
LabelledD.
delphis
(cf.
Smnne, 1900);re-examined
by
Terxnrna
(1979a,
b). Perhaps same as
D.
delphis
No.2.
PHOCOENIDAE
Phocoena
phocoena
(Lnwerus,
1758)
l.
Skull,
Portugal
(Rem.
9a).
2. Skeleton,
male
(?),
Portugal
(Srenne,
1900, 1907). Perhaps same as No. 3
3. Skeleton,
juvenile,
Portugal, c. 1895
(Trrxeru,
l979a,b).
4. Foetus, Portugal
(?) (Rem.
9a).
Miscellaneous
A letter by Émile
Deyrolle
(dealer
in natural history objects in Paris), dated 10
December 1891, contains a
list
of
'Mammifères
montés ou squelettes montés,
proposés
à Monsieur
Barbosa du Bocage'
(Dív.
271).
lncluded
are two mounted
specimens
and a skeleton of Orcinus orca,
as well as mounted skeletons of
Balaenoptera acutorostr(ita,
Globicephala melas, Lagenorhynchus acutus and
L.
albirostris.
One of the Orcinus specimens
and all the others are marked with an
asterisk,
perhaps
indicating that Bocage intended to buy
them. It is not known if
these specimens
were indeed acquired.
... The first specimen from Guinea-Bissau was a male collected at Canhabaque Island in March 1989. Its skeleton is presently at the Museu Bocage, Lisboa, as No. 89.03.01 (Hazevoet, 1999; Sequeira & Reiner, 1992). Ornithologist R. Matias found a carcass of a relatively small specimen , of undetermined sex at the southern end of Bruce Beach, Bubaque Island, on 13 July 1997 (Table 1). ...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution, status, and biology of the Atlantic humpback dolphin (Sousa teuszii) is critically reviewed, and results of recent research are discussed. The species’ known distribution limits are, in the north, Dahkla Bay (23°50’N), Western Sahara, and in the south, Tombua (15°47’S), southern Angola. Its habitat is predominantly inshore coastal and estuarine, over soft-sediment bottoms. There is no evidence that it might occur beyond the brackish waters of estuaries into a riverine, fresh-water habitat. There are no records for the Senegal, Casamance, and Niger Rivers. A total of eight stocks are provisionally discerned for management purposes. Six of these are confirmed-contemporary (based on recent records), including Dahkla Bay, Banc d’Arguin, Saloum-Niumi, Canal do Gêba-Bijagos, South Guinea, and Angola. Two stocks, the Cameroon Estuary and Gabon, are historical, and new fieldwork needs to confirm their current presence. No inference is made on degree of reproductive isolation and biological population status of any named stock. The potential existence of a western Togo stock is currently under study. Nine coastal states, including Morocco (Western Sahara), Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea-Conakry, Cameroon, Gabon, and Angola are confirmed range states. While historically distribution may have been quasi-continuous over the species’ range, indications of contemporary distribution gaps are emerging. Ongoing monitoring of cetacean takes in coastal fisheries off western Ghana, and experimental whale-watching sorties in Bénin have not yielded a single record. The species has either become rare through human-related pressures or, less likely, it never lived there. For most other areas there is little, if any, information due to the lack of research. No abundance estimates are available for any stock. The smallest extant stock may be the northernmost, Dahkla Bay. The aggregated number of individuals seen in four sightings was 28 individuals. The healthiest known stock seems to be Canal do Gêba-Bijagos (in Guinea-Bissau), which may number at least several hundred, if not more. How extensively humpback dolphins range in-between core areas is unclear, but only a few individuals have been encountered. There is no evidence for seasonality in presence, nor for seasonal movements. Regular cross-border movements between the Saloum Delta (Senegal) and Niumi National Park (The Gambia) technically qualifies S. teuszii as a “migratory species” under the Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS) Convention. Fisheries-related mortality is thought to be significantly higher than the few recorded takes suggest because it is very rarely reported. Combined with habitat encroachment, such losses may threaten the long-term survival of some stocks.
... van Bree, 1971) was possibly referable to S. attenuata . In addition, two Stenella specimens from the Cape Verde Islands in the old collection of the Museu Bocage, Lisbon (destroyed by fire in 1978), may have been either S. attenuata or S. frontalis (Hazevoet, 1999). We report the following recent observations: 4+ in the lee of Sal at dusk, 26 January 1989 (K.M. Morgan) and 6-8 animals c. 3 km south of Santa Maria, Sal, 22 March 1996 (Humpback survey). ...
Article
Full-text available
Observations of whales and dolphins in the Cape Verde Islands obtained in 1 995 and 1996 are reported and data on the occurrence of 14 taxa are given, including four not previously reported from the region, viz. Bryde's Whale Balaenoptera edeni, Klller Whale Orcinus orca, Rough-toothed Dolphin Steno bredanensis, and Striped Dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba. An earlier report of Fin Whale B. physalus is reviewed and re-identified as B. cf . borealís. Status and occurrence of the Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae are discussed at some length. Unpublished observations from other observers are also included and a short account on the history of whaling in the islands is given. A list of all cetacean taxa reliably recorded in the Cape Verde region is presented and unsubstantiated reports are briefly discussed.
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Full-text available
Based on both stranding and sighting records, recent data on the status and distribution of whales and dolphins in the Cape Verde Islands are presented, including records of four taxa new to the archipelago, viz. Common minke whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata, Dwarf sperm whale Kogia sima, beaked whale Mesoplodon cf. europaeus and False killer whale Pseudorca crassidens. Distribution elsewhere in the tropical eastern Atlantic and some taxonomic issues are discussed. RESUMO
Article
Full-text available
Observations of whales and dolphins in the Cape Verde Islands obtained in 1 995 and 1996 are reported and data on the occurrence of 14 taxa are given, including four not previously reported from the region, viz. Bryde's Whale Balaenoptera edeni, Klller Whale Orcinus orca, Rough-toothed Dolphin Steno bredanensis, and Striped Dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba. An earlier report of Fin Whale B. physalus is reviewed and re-identified as B. cf . borealís. Status and occurrence of the Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae are discussed at some length. Unpublished observations from other observers are also included and a short account on the history of whaling in the islands is given. A list of all cetacean taxa reliably recorded in the Cape Verde region is presented and unsubstantiated reports are briefly discussed.
A zoologia e a antropologia na Escola Politécnica e na Faculdade de Ciências da
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Arveça, C., 1987. A zoologia e a antropologia na Escola Politécnica e na Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa (até 1983). In: F. BneceNçe Grr & M.G.S.
Bosquejo histórico da zoologia em Portugal
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Arneça, C., 1993. Bosquejo histórico da zoologia em Portugal. Museu Bocage, Lisboa. 5o pp.
A natural history museum of the ISth century: the Royal Museum and Botanical Garden of Ájuda
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Arvaçe, C., 1996. A natural history museum of the ISth century: the Royal Museum and Botanical Garden of Ájuda. Museu Bocage, Lìsboa. 28 pp.
Baleias, focas e peixes-bois na história natural portuguesa
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Arneçe, C., 1998. Baleias, focas e peixes-bois na história natural portuguesa. Museu Bocage, Lisboa. 105 pp.
Delphinus geoffrensis
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BLanmrrE, H.-M. oE, 1817. Delphinus geoffrensis. In: A.G. Dlsuenpsr (Ed.), Nouveau dictionnaire d'hístoire naturelle, Vol. 9, pp. 151-152. Déterville, Paris.
Liste des mammifères et reptiles observés en Portugal. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie
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Cnnver-uo, C.T., 1965. Comentários sôbre os mamíferos descritos e figurados por Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira em 1790. Arquivos de Zoologia (São Paulo), 12: 7-70.