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It has been suggested that the Dark Triad (DT) personality constellation is an evolved facilitator of men's short-term mating strategies. However, previous studies have relied on self-report data to consider the sexual success of DT men. To explore the attractiveness of the DT personality to the other sex, 128 women rated created (male) characters designed to capture high DT facets of personality or a control personality. Physicality was held constant. Women rated the high DT character as significantly more attractive. Moreover, this greater attractiveness was not explained by correlated perceptions of Big 5 traits. These findings are considered in light of mating strategies, the evolutionary 'arms race' and individual differences.
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... When women were asked to rate the dating adverts written by men high or low on Machiavellianism, men low on Machiavellianism were given the highest ratings for long-term mating context, while men high on Machiavellianism were given the highest ratings for short-term mating context (Aitken et al., 2013). In Carter et al. (2014) study character with high DT traits was rated significantly more attractive to women than the study character with low DT traits, even when controlling for the effects of the Big Five traits. However, attractiveness was rated in general, not in specific relationships. ...
... Although previous research did investigate attractiveness of the DT traits when controlling for other personality traits, it included only Big Five traits (e.g. Carter et al., 2014;Jauk et al., 2016;Qureshi et al., 2016;Rauthmann & Kolar, 2013). If Honesty-Humility and DT are indeed just opposite poles of the same continuum, the attractiveness of the high DT men should diminish when Honesty-Humility is controlled for. ...
... The descriptions were translated to Croatian using back-translation and pretested on 10 females. As in Carter et al. (2014) study, questions asked participants to rate the target on narcissism ('Overvalues their own importance'), Machiavellianism ('Is manipulative') and psychopathy ('Not sensitive to others' feelings') as a manipulation check. However, since the pretest showed that the question 'Not sensitive to others' feelings' (psychopathy1) was not indicative enough for psychopathy in our culture, we added an additional question, 'Does not have guilty conscience' (psychopathy2). ...
Article
This study aimed to further investigate the perceived attractiveness of the Dark Triad (DT) personality in different types of relationships (i.e. friendship, short-term and long-term relationship) controlling for basic personality traits from the HEXACO model. The participants were 167 female students (M = 20.82 years, SD = 1.54) who rated personality and attractiveness of a man with highly expressed DT characteristics (n = 91) or a low-scoring DT character (n = 76) presented in a vignette. In line with recent findings, we observed a high negative correlation between the Honesty-Humility factor and DT personality (r = -.88, p < .001). As hypothesized, there was a significant difference in attractiveness ratings for the two characters in the context of different interpersonal relationships, with high DT character rated as significantly more attractive than the low DT character in the context of short-term mating. Furthermore, the hierarchical regression analysis showed that DT personality had a unique contribution in predicting attractiveness in the context of short-term relationship, after controlling for the basic personality traits.
... Carter et al., 2013. Abilitatea narcisicilor de a începe cu ușurință relații noi, oportunismul și manipularea machiavelicilor (Carter et al., 2013), șarmul superficial și viclenia psihopaților (Paulhus & Williams, 2002), precum și extraversia ridicată specifică celor trei tipuri de personalitate sunt benefice în căutarea partenerilor de scută durată (Carter et al., 2013). ...
... Carter et al., 2013. Abilitatea narcisicilor de a începe cu ușurință relații noi, oportunismul și manipularea machiavelicilor (Carter et al., 2013), șarmul superficial și viclenia psihopaților (Paulhus & Williams, 2002), precum și extraversia ridicată specifică celor trei tipuri de personalitate sunt benefice în căutarea partenerilor de scută durată (Carter et al., 2013). ...
... Asumarea de riscuri, o altă trăsătură specifică triadei întunecate, asociată în special cu psihopatia, este de asemenea un posibil factor care contribuie la atractivitatea acestui tip de personalitate (Basset & Moss, 2004). Triada întunecată este întâlnită semnificativ mai frecvent în rândul bărbaților decât al femeilor (Paulhus & Williams, 2002;Jonason & Webster, 2010;Jonason et al., 2011;Carter et al., 2013;). ...
Thesis
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Asistăm, fără îndoială, la o schimbare de paradigmă în ceea ce privește modul în care relaționăm în viața de zi cu zi. Aceste schimbări se datorează, în mare măsură, accesului universal la internet și creșterii exponențiale a utilizatorilor platformelor social-media din ultimele două decenii. Dacă în 2008, la 2 ani după ce platforma și-a deschis porțile pentru public, Facebook înregistra aproximativ 100 de milioane de accesări lunare (Ortiz-Ospina, 2019), astăzi, acest număr se ridică la 2.7 miliarde (statista.com, 2021; omnicoreagency.com, 2021). Fără îndoială, popularitatea platformelor social-media a schimbat lumea, utilizarea lor producând efecte vizibile pe toate planurile existențiale, de la simpla modalitatea de a păstra legătura cu familia sau prietenii, până la schimbarea regimurilor politice. Magnitutidinea gradului de utilizare a platformelor social-media a atras după sine creșterea interesului comunității științifice, fiind evidențiată, printre altele, necesitatea identificării proceselor psihologice care stau la baza comportamentelor excesive sau disfuncționale, în vederea definirii acestora (Kardefelt-Winther et al., 2017, apud Boursier et al., 2020). Unul dintre cele mai răspândite comportamente observate în cadrul social-media este postarea selfie-urilor, sau a autoportretelor digitale realizate, în general, cu ajutorul aparatului foto integrat al dispozitivului smart-phone (OED, 2013, apud Frosh, 2015). Cercetările recente în domeniu au descris acest comportament ca fiind o metodă facilă pentru indivizi de a-și atinge scopurile narcisice de auto-pomovare și captare a atenției (Boursier et al., 2020). Având ca puncte de plecare observațiile menționate mai sus, studiul de față a explorat în ce măsură nevoia de validare în social-media se asociază cu nivelul narcisismului (H1), dacă frecvența postării selfie-urilor se asociază cu nevoia de validare (H2) și în ce măsură satisfacerea sau nesatisfacerea acestei nevoi impactează stima de sine a narcisicilor. Pentru a evalua nevoia de validare în spațiul social-media, a fost creat un instrument nou, Scala nevoii de validare în social-media [SNVS], acesta demonstrând calități psihometrice bune, determinându-se o consistență internă bună (alfa Cronbach = .80). Rezultatele sprijină în proporție satisfăcătoate ipotezele formulate, dezvăluind asocieri semnificative statistic între variabilele studiate. Nu au fost găsite, în schimb, asocieri semnificative în ceea ce privește satisfacerea nevoii de validare și stima de sine a indivizilor, motivul posibil fiind explicat în Secțiunea a II-a a lucrării de față. Au fost verificate, de asemenea, diferențele de gen sau de alt tip (e.g. platforma social-media utilizată), fiind prezentate concluziile relevante pentru acest studiu. Actualul studiu este structurat în trei părți. În prima parte sunt trecute în revistă în mod exhaustiv principalele teorii care descriu și definesc variabilele studiate, fiind menționate totodată direcțiile cercetărilor actuale referitoare la acestea. Partea a II-a reprezintă descrierea activității de cercetatre și a rezultatelor obținute, alături de interpretarea cantitativă și calitativă a acestora, fiind de asemenea menționate limitele identificate. În ultima parte a lucrării este propus un plan de intervenție psihoterapeutic, conceput în acord cu implicațiile teoretice și practice referitoare la tema studiată.
... To better understand the dynamics and functionality of the relationships that involve males high on narcissism, it is important to know who is attracted to them. Young women are usually attracted to males with high scores on narcissism, mainly because young women are more short-term oriented in mating (Carter et al., 2014). However, women with greater mating experience and those who desire to marry are more attracted to males with high levels of narcissism (Haslam & Montrose, 2015). ...
... Firstly, we relied exclusively on young women, which in general do not have mating experience, a characteristic that may affect mate preference in the case of women (Haslam & Montrose, 2015). Young women are attracted to males high on narcissism, as young women are more short-term oriented in mating (Carter et al., 2014). Because sociosexual desire decrease with age in women (Meskó et al., 2014), we can consider that women are characterized by a biphasic sociosexual orientation. ...
Article
Mating success is an important issue in modern societies. One in two adults reports poor mating performance. One solution to this problem is to know as much as possible about human mating preferences. In this research, we investigated if women (N = 223) high on the Dark Triad Traits are attracted to males with high levels of narcissism and tested the moderation effect of women's mating orientation and experience with unfaithful men. We showed that women high on all the Dark Triad traits were attracted to males with high narcissism levels. Women with high levels of Machiavellianism, narcissism, or psychopathy that were oriented to long term mating were more attracted to males high on narcissism. Women high on psychopathy who had many experiences with unfaithful men are less attracted by males with high narcissism levels. Experiences with infidelity did not affect the relationships between women's Machiavellianism and narcissism on the one hand and attraction to males high on narcissism, on the other hand. Our research supports the idea of positive assortative mating of women high on the Dark Triad traits, which is conditional on mating orientation and experience with infidelity.
... There may be a different effect for men and women, as a speed-date paradigm indicated that women scoring high on psychopathic traits were perceived as selfish, while men scoring high on psychopathic traits were found attractive (32). Likewise, in other studies, similar patterns for women who preferred a man with high levels of maladaptive (psychopathic) personality traits were found (33,34). Moreover, younger women in particular were found to be more attracted to dark personality traits than older women (35), which might be problematic given the peak of IPV in young adulthood (36,37). ...
Article
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Introduction Why are women (not) romantically attracted to dark personalities or villains, which might be a risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization? In the current study, it is opted to investigate how adult attachment, maladaptive personality traits, and acceptance of couple violence in women predict romantic attraction to heroic/villainous characters using structural equation modeling (SEM). Method First, a pilot study was conducted in 122 heterosexual women (aged 16–25) to select male TV characters. This resulted in the selection of six villains and 10 heroes for the main study, in which 194 other heterosexual women (aged 16–25) were asked to rate the pictures of TV characters through an online questionnaire. This was combined with self-report measures of maladaptive personality traits, acceptance of couple violence, and adult attachment. These variables were entered into a SEM model to assess model fit. Results Overall, women rated heroes higher on physical appearance (pilot study) and romantic attraction (main study) compared to villains. We found different direct effects of avoidant (negative) and anxious (positive) attachment styles on romantic attraction to heroes. Moreover, maladaptive personality traits fully mediated the positive effect of avoidant attachment style on romantic attraction to villains. Discussion Despite the limitations of the study design (e.g., low N , low notoriety of the TV characters), this study emphasizes that women are generally more romantically attracted to heroes (vs. villains). Besides, there are different predictors of romantic attraction to heroes and villains, which requires further investigation, especially in the context of IPV.
... In the vast efforts to elaborate the conceptual links of personality traits and SNS usages, the influence of the Dark Triad has been widely investigated. Findings have supported that the Dark Triad accounted for additional variance above the Five-Factor model in predicting human values (Kajonius et al., 2015), social outcomes such as prejudice (Hodson et al., 2009;Koehn et al., 2019) and perceived attractiveness (Carter et al., 2014), and SNS addiction (Lee, 2019). These findings indicated that the Dark Triad traits exert greater influence on social behaviours over the Five-Factor model, highlighting the importance of these traits in addressing the limited influence of personality traits in predicting SNS usages (Ross et al., 2009;Skues et al., 2012). ...
Article
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This research investigated the relationships of the Dark Triad, impulsiveness, and social network sites (SNS) addiction with adolescents. In particular, this research examined the indirect effects of the measured motor, attentional, and nonplanning impulsiveness on the relationship of the Dark Triad and SNS addiction. To examine the possible antecedents of SNS addiction, 169 adolescents aged 14-17 were recruited for this research. After obtaining informed consents from their legal guardians, these adolescents completed the Dirty Dozen, the modified Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale, and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale – version 11. Results showed that the Dark Triad composite score was positively correlated with SNS addiction and the different aspects of impulsiveness, while SNS addiction was positively correlated with motor impulsiveness. The indirect effect of motor impulsiveness on the relationship of the Dark Triad and SNS addiction was significant. The present findings provide theoretical insights to the development of SNS addiction.
... These signals would presumably operate in a sex-differentiated manner in line with men's and women's mate preferences (Buss, 1989): psychopathic men's desirability may hinge on dominance and indicators of resource holding (e.g., status), whereas psychopathic women's attractiveness may be driven by signaling sexual availability. Nonetheless, evidence is mixed regarding whether hypothetical and real psychopathic men and women are actually perceived to be more attractive as short-or long-term mates (Blanchard et al., 2016;Carter et al., 2014;Jauk et al., 2016;Jonason et al., 2015;Rauthmann & Kolar, 2013). ...
Article
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Many have examined the desirability and mate competition tactics of adults higher on psychopathy using cross-sectional data, but few have studied the longitudinal associations between the lower-order factors of psychopathy (e.g., primary and secondary psychopathy) with indices of mating behavior in adolescents. More work is also needed to unravel how psychopathic youth outcompete rivals for mates. Delinquency has long been associated with dating and sexual behavior in adolescents, which may help to explain the competitive success of youth higher in psychopathic traits in vying for mates. We used cross-lagged panel modeling with three waves of data from a randomly drawn sample of 514 Canadian adolescents who provided annual self-reports of primary and secondary psychopathy, delinquency, and dating involvement from Grades 10 to 12 (15-18 years of age). Constructs were temporally stable. Secondary psychopathy and delinquency had positive within-time correlations with current dating status in Grade 10. A cross-lagged pathway from delinquency to dating involvement was supported from Grade 10 to 11, which replicated from Grade 11 to 12. However, this effect was specific to boys and not girls. An indirect effect also emerged whereby secondary psychopathy in Grade 10 increased the likelihood of being in a dating relationship in Grade 12 via heightened delinquency in Grade 11.
... Several studies have shown the Dark Triad traits to be related to different aspects of individuals' mating behaviour (e.g., Barelds et al., 2020). Studies have, for instance, shown that individuals scoring high on one or more of the three Dark Triad traits are rated as being more attractive than individuals scoring low in these traits, especially in the case of short-term mating (e.g., Carter et al., 2014). This may be explained by the fact that those scoring high on the Dark Triad traits are more willing to take risks and come across as self-confident (e.g., Barelds et al., 2020). ...
Article
The present study set out to examine the relationships between ‘bright’ and ‘dark’ personality traits and three different types of jealousy: reactive jealousy (negative emotions in reaction to a partner’s infidelity), anxious jealousy (worrying about a partner’s infidelity), and preventive jealousy (the need to prevent a partner from having contact with others). In so doing, we used both a general broad personality questionnaire and a Dark Triad questionnaire for the assessment of personality. In a heterogeneous sample of 680 participants, it was found that neuroticism was positively related to anxious and preventive jealousy, and introversion and hostility to all three types of jealousy. Structure was related positively to reactive jealousy, and Machiavellianism and narcissism to preventive jealousy. These results are largely in line with our hypotheses. The Dark Triad traits were found to have incremental validity in the prediction of preventive jealousy, with Machiavellianism being the best predictor of preventive jealousy. This suggests that preventive jealousy might be a bit ‘darker’ than previously thought. Practical implications for dealing with jealousy in relationships are discussed.
... Generalizing, higher attractiveness and more positive attitudes towards negative traits characterize younger male individuals with high narcissism, and with a tendency to Machiavellianism. Indirectly the attractiveness of negative personality traits can be supported by studies about the high physical attractiveness of Dark Triad persons (Holtzman & Strube, 2010;Carter et al., 2014). ...
Chapter
Gene transmission and hence fitness, for any animal, is a direct product of sex. Offspring production is the essential currency rewarded by natural selection, and this ‘reward’ is the principal mechanism that drives biological evolution. It is not surprising therefore that many human behaviours are associated with promoting sexual prolificacy and many popular modern cultural products draw attention to or symbolize features of success in human mating and reproduction. Examples include the music lyrics of the most successful recording artists (Hobbs and Gallup 2011) and the titles and plots of romance novels (Saad 2007; Cox and Fisher 2009). These (as with other cultures explored below and in later chapters) are conspicuous today because they are rooted in our biocultural evolution (Chap. 6)—i.e. our evolved psychologies, shaped by intrinsic motivations and needs that rewarded gene copying and transmission success in our ancestral past, modulated by our evolved cultures, shaped by social learning that rewarded copying and transmission success of complementing memes (Box 6.4).
Chapter
This chapter addresses how candidates with dark personalities manage to excel during selection interviews and current best practices in selection processes that may reduce the risk of hiring candidates with dark personalities. Theory: In this section of the chapter, I present Impression Management (IM) tactics used by individuals with dark personalities to enter organizations. I also explain how organizations increase their chances of hiring candidates with dark personalities by only using unstructured interviews. Practice: In this section of the chapter, I offer a step-by-step guide to best hiring practices that include: Job posting, Job analysis, Competency framework, Creating valid interview questions, Conducting an effective interview, Psychometric testing, Reference check, Scoring candidates, and Decision-making. This chapter's practice section also includes an exercise on creating a selection process for different types of positions and a case study.
Article
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Which personality traits are associated with physical attractiveness? Recent findings suggest that people high in some dark personality traits, such as narcissism and psychopathy, can be physically attractive. But what makes them attractive? Studies have confounded the more enduring qualities that impact attractiveness (i.e., unadorned attractiveness) and the effects of easily manipulated qualities such as clothing (i.e., effective adornment). In this multimethod study, we disentangle these components of attractiveness, collect self-reports and peer reports of eight major personality traits, and reveal the personality profile of people who adorn themselves effectively. Consistent with findings that dark personalities actively create positive first impressions, we found that the composite of the Dark Triad—Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy—correlates with effective adornment. This effect was also evident for psychopathy measured alone. This study provides the first experimental evidence that dark personalities construct appearances that act as social lures—possibly facilitating their cunning social strategies.
Article
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Two studies examined narcissism and commitment in ongoing romantic relationships. In Study 1, narcissism was found to be negatively related to commitment. Mediational analyses further revealed that this was primarily a result of narcissists’ perception of alternatives to their current relationship. Study 2 replicated these findings with an additional measure of alternatives. Again, narcissists reported less commitment to their ongoing romantic relationship. This link was mediated by both perception of alternatives and attention to alternative dating partners. The utility of an interdependence approach to understanding the role of personality in romantic relationships is discussed.
Article
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If the Dark Triad are costly traits for individuals to have and individuals are predisposed to avoid interacting with selfish individuals, how do those who have those traits extract resources from their environment? We contend that a specific set of personality traits will enable individuals to do so. We showed that those who are disagreeable, extraverted, open, and have high self-esteem along with low levels of neuroticism and conscientiousness score high on the Dark Triad (Study 1: N = 216). Additionally, having a more individualistic and competitive approach to others and not a strongly altruistic orientation will also help those who are high on the Dark Triad (Study 2; N = 336). We contend that the Dark Triad may represent one social strategy that is characterized by an agentic social style.
Chapter
The Psychopathy Checklist (PCL; Hare, 1980) and its revision (PCL-R; Hare, 1985a, in press) are clinical rating scales that provide researchers and clinicians with reliable and valid assessments of psychopathy. Their development was spurred largely by dissatisfactions with the ways in which other assessment procedures defined and measured psychopathy (Hare, 1980, 1985b).
Article
Data were collected from two undergraduate student samples to examine (i) the relations of the ‘Dark Triad’ variables (Machiavellianism, Psychopathy, and Narcissism) with the HEXACO personality dimensions, as well as (ii) the ability of the aforementioned characteristics and of the Big Five personality factors to predict outcome variables related to sex, power, and money. Results indicated that the common variance of the Dark Triad was very highly correlated with low Honesty–Humility and that the unique variance of each of the Dark Triad variables also showed theoretically meaningful relations with the other five HEXACO factors. Furthermore, the Dark Triad and Honesty–Humility were strong predictors of three domains of outcome variables—Sex (short-term mating tendencies and sexual quid pro quos), Power (Social Dominance Orientation and desire for power), and Money (conspicuous consumption and materialism)—that were not well predicted by the dimensions of the Big Five. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Article
Sexual selection processes have received much attention in recent years, attention reflected in interest in human mate preferences. Among these mate preferences are preferences for physical attractiveness. Preferences in and of themselves, however, do not fully explain the nature of the relationships that individuals attain. A tacit negotiation process underlies relationship formation and maintenance. The notion that preferences for physical attractiveness evolved under parasite-driven "good genes" sexual selection leads to predictions about the nature of trade-offs that individuals make between mates' physical attractiveness and investment potential. These predictions and relevant data are explored, with a primary emphasis on women's preferences for men's qualities. In addition, further implications of trade-offs are examined, most notably (a) the impact of environmental variations on the nature of mating and (b) some effects of trade-offs on infidelity and male attempts to control women.
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Developmental instability (DI) reflects the inability of a developing organism to buffer its development against random perturbations, due either to frequent, large perturbations or to a poor buffering system. The primary measure used to assess DI experienced by an individual organism is fluctuating asymmetry (FA), asymmetry of bilateral features that are, on average in a population, symmetrical. A large literature on FA in humans in relation to measures of health and quality (close to 100 studies and nearly 300 individual effect size estimates) has accumulated. This paper presents the first quantitative meta-analysis of this literature. The mean effect size (scaled as Pearson r) was about 0.2. Effect sizes covaried negatively with sample size, consistent with effects of publication bias, the tendency for significant effects to be published. Conservative correction for this bias reduced the mean effect to about 0.1. Associations with FA underestimate effects of underlying DI due to imprecise measurement of the latter. A model-based best estimate of the mean effect of DI on outcomes is about 0.3, a theoretically meaningful, relatively large effect, albeit of moderate absolute size. The data are consistent, however, with a range of true effect sizes between 0.08 and 0.67, partly due to large study effects. Study-specific effect sizes in DI ranged between −0.2 and 1.0. A humbling and perhaps sobering conclusion is that, in spite of a large body of literature involving nearly 50 000 participants, we can only confidently state that there is on average a robust positive average effect size. An accurate estimate of that effect size was not possible, and between-study variation remained largely unexplained. We detected no robust variation across six broad categories of outcomes (health and disease, fetal outcomes, psychological maladaptation, reproduction, attractiveness and hormonal effects), though examination of narrower domains reveal some corrected effects close to 0.2 and others near zero. The meta-analysis suggests fruitful directions for future research and theory.