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A Critical Review of Research on Design Education Focusing on Creativity in Architectural Design
Background: During the last decade a considerable amount of research on creativity enhancement has been undertaken within the design education. It is essential to establish an educational platform which encourages students’ creative thinking. This paper aims to review mainstream studies undertaken between 2003 and 2012, to identify the research concentration and paucity and to propose important issues to be considered in future design education. Methods: From 10 domestic design journals and 7 international design journals, through three steps of selection procedure, a total of 61 articles related to creativity enhancements in design education were selected and classified according to their key contents and target areas. Results: The studies were categorized into three main categories: design education method, idea conception and development, and design strategy. Each category is divided into sub-categories such as the application of theories in design education, design curriculum, stimulation elements etc. Compare to domestic research, international research has more various perspectives and approaches to design education studies. Conclusion: Through the result of this research, we found that more systematic research frameworks need to be developed and reasoning techniques are critical to the creative thinking in design. This research can be a basis for the future research direction emphasizing creativity enhancement in design education.