Article

Catalogue of type material of the insect order Phasmatodea at the Zoologisches Museum der Universität Hamburg (Insecta: Orthoptera: Phasmatodea)

Article

Catalogue of type material of the insect order Phasmatodea at the Zoologisches Museum der Universität Hamburg (Insecta: Orthoptera: Phasmatodea)

If you want to read the PDF, try requesting it from the authors.

Abstract

The type material in the Zoologisches Museum der Universität Hamburg, Germany (ZMH) is listed. The collection contains type specimens of 113 species, mainly described by BRUNNER V. WATTENWYL, GÜNTHER and REDTENBACHER. The collection is especially strong in material from Borneo, Costa Rica, Fiji, Madagascar and Brazil. Lectotypes are designated for Creoxylus hagani REDTENBACHER, 1906, Xerosoma michaelis REDTENBACHER, 1906, Bacteria tenella REDTENBACHER, 1908 and Leprocaulus insularis verrucifer GÜNTHER, 1934

No full-text available

Request Full-text Paper PDF

To read the full-text of this research,
you can request a copy directly from the author.

... Les données fournies dans la publication originale ont été consultées pour chacune des espèces, mais ces données sont souvent lacunaires ; je ne les reporte telles qu'elles ont été publiées qu'en l'absence de nouveaux éléments. Pour le MNHN 2 et le NHMW, je me fonde sur mes notes personnelles ; pour les autres muséums, je me fonde sur BROCK (1995), BROCK (1998), ZOMPRO (2002b) Cladomorphinae ? PARABACTRIDIUM Redtenbacher, 1908mirum Redtenbacher, 1908. ...
... Notes : La série de spécimens non typiques de la collection Finot est hétérogène ; elle comporte notamment quatre femelles Antongilia squamigera. Le spécimen femelle juvénile du ZMUH appartient une autre espèce(ZOMPRO, 2002b). Mont Tsaratanana, forêt de mousses, 1800 m, X.1949, leg. ...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé – Une liste du matériel typique des phasmes de Madagascar comprenant les principales données disponibles pour chaque espèce est établie. Pachymorpha distincta Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1907 est transféré dans le genre Antongilia. Antongilia quadrituberculata Chopard, 1952 est renommé Antongilia chopardi nom. nov. Anisacantha vidua Redtenbacher, 1906 est mis en synonymie avec A.difformis Redtenbacher, 1906. Un lectotype est désigné pour chacune des espèces suivantes : Antongilia distincta, Antongilia quadrituberculata, Antongilia simplex, Antongilia squamigera, Cirsia finoti, Leiophasma adusta, Leiophasma brevivalvis et Leiophasma concolor. Summary – Type material of stick-insects from Madagascar (Phasmatodea). A list of type material of stickinsects from Madagascar including main data available for each species is established. Pachymorpha distincta Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1907 is transferred to the genus Antongilia. Antongilia quadrituberculata Chopard, 1952 is renamed Antongilia chopardi nom. nov. Anisacantha vidua Redtenbacher, 1906 is synonymised with A. difformis Redtenbacher, 1906. A lectotype is designated for each of the following species: Antongilia distincta, Antongilia quadrituberculata, Antongilia simplex, Antongilia squamigera, Cirsia finoti, Leiophasma adusta, Leiophasma brevivalvis and Leiophasma concolor.
... Seow-Choen, 2000. Zompro, 2002: 190. Otte & Brock, 2005: 212. ...
Article
There are nine Necroscia species recognized in China, among which N. inflata (Redtenbacher) and N. marginata (Gray) are reported for the first time from China. One new synonym is discovered: N. maculata (Chen & He) is regarded as a junior synonym of N. multicolor (Redtenbacher) n. syn. First description is given for the female and egg of N. hainanensis (Chen & He) n. comb., which is transferred from Sosibia Stål. A list and key to all Chinese species are given.
... The majority of Günther's type material is housed in the museums of Hamburg and Dresden (Zompro, 2002(Zompro, , 2003. Below are lists of the species and subspecies described by Günther Redtenbacher, 1908. ...
Article
Full-text available
Klaus Günther (1907-1975) was a prolific phasmid taxonomist. His life and phasmid work is outlined. He described 24 new genera and 146 new species or subspecies of Phasmida and illustrated most of those species. His arrangement of the families, subfamilies and tribes of phasmids (1953) remained almost unchanged for 50 years.
... Comments. elasia Redtenbacher, 1906(type-species Phasma ambiguum Stoll, 1813 was interpreted as a subgenus of Prexaspes Stål, 1875by Zompro (2002. It is here synonymised with Prexaspes (n. ...
Article
The present paper describes 16 new species and one new genus from French Guiana and numerous taxonomic changes are proposed to the Phasmatodea of French Guiana. Fifty-six new combinations, twenty-six new synonymies, two lectotypes and four neotypes are designated.
Article
Paraphasma Redtenbacher, 1906 is a genus of fully-winged stick insects occurring in central and northern South America. We carried out a morphology-based taxonomic revision of this genus with emphasis on the phallic organ, a structure that has been poorly explored for taxonomic purposes in Phasmatodea. Additionally, pairwise genetic distances between mitochondrial COI gene sequences were calculated for ten Paraphasma specimens representing six species. We recognize nine valid species in the genus plus one nomen dubium, Paraphasma fasciatum Gray, 1835. We redescribe Paraphasma and the species previously assigned to it, describe Paraphasma indistinctum Chiquetto-Machado sp. nov., Paraphasma sooretama Chiquetto-Machado sp. nov. and Paraphasma spinicauda Chiquetto-Machado sp. nov., and provide a key to the species in the genus. The male of Paraphasma minus Redtenbacher, 1906 is described for the first time, as well as the eggs of six species. We transfer Paraphasma amabile Redtenbacher, 1906 to Pseudophasma Kirby, 1896 (comb. nov.) and synonymize Pseudophasma xanthotaenidium Günther, 1930 under this species (syn. nov.). In addition, Phasma perspicillaris Stoll, 1813 is removed from the synonymy of Paraphasma laterale (Fabricius, 1775) and synonymized under Parastratocles xanthomela (Olivier, 1792) (syn. nov.). The examination of the phallic organ was essential for species delimitation, as most species of Paraphasma are very similar in the external morphology of both sexes. The analysis of the COI sequences supported the species delimitation, resulting in remarkably lower pairwise distances between conspecific individuals (p-distance ≤ 2.0%) than between different species (p-distance 6.9–17.5%). We hope that this paper will stimulate further studies exploring the taxonomic and phylogenetic potential of the internal male genitalia of stick insects.
Article
Full-text available
A complete taxonomic catalogue of the Stick and Leaf-insects (Phasmatodea) recorded or described from the mainland China (excluding Taiwan) is presented. 241 valid species are listed, which are currently attributed to 50 genera, 5 families and 7 subfamilies. Genera and species are listed alphabetically. All available type-data is provided based mainly on literary sources for species described by Chinese workers from 1986 to 2006, including documented depository of type-specimens. The catalogue therefore also provides complete lists of the type-material of Phasmatodea housed in the following Chinese institutions: Administration of Baishuijiang Natural Reserve (ABNR), Beijing Forestry University, Beijing (BFU), China Agricultural University, Beijing (CAU), Geological Museum of China, Beijing (GMC), Inca Science Ltd., Chongqing (INCA), Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (IZCAS), Department of Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin (NKU), Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Shaanxi (NWSUAF), Institute of Zoology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an (SNU), Institute of Entomology, Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU), Shanghai Institute of Entomology, Academia Sinica, Shanghai (SIES), Tianjin Natural History Museum, Tianjin (TJNHM), Zhejiang Museum of Natural History, Hangzhou (ZJMNH). The known distribution of each species, in means of provinces is provided as well. 14 species are shown to have been recorded from China in error, several of these based on misidentifications. The “Phasmatodea-like” fossil taxa described from the the Late Jurassic Yixian Formation of North Hebei and West Liaoning are listed in a separate section. Two new generic synonyms are recognized: Arthminotus Bi, 1995 synonymised with Lopaphus Westwood, 1859 (n. syn.) and Dianphasma Chen & He, 1997 synonymised with Parasosibia Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.). The genus Linocerus Gray, 1835 (Type-species: Linocerus gracilis Gray, 1835) was erroneously synonymised with the mediterranean Bacillus St. Fargeau & Audinet-Serville, 1825 and is here re-established in Phasmatidae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini (rev. stat.). Relationship to Clonaria Stål, 1875 (= Gratidia Stål, 1875, = Paraclonaria Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893), Sceptrophasma Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000 and Macellina Uvarov, 1940 is obvious. 13 species are transferred to other genera (new combinations): Asceles dilatatus Chen & He, 2004 and Asceles quadriguttatus Chen & He, 1996 to Pachyscia Redtenbacher, 1908, Arthminotus sinensis Bi, 1995 to Lopaphus Westwood, 1859, Baculum dolichocercatum Bi & Wang, 1998a and Baculum politum Chen & He, 1997 to Medauroidea Zompro, 1999, Dixippus bilippus Chen & He, 1999, Dixippus hainanensis Chen & He, 2002, Dixippus nigroantennatus Chen & He, 2002, Dixippus parvus Chen & He, 2002 and Entoria bobaiensis Chen, 1986 to Lonchodes Gray, 1835, Sipyloidea obvius Chen & He, 1995 to Sinophasma Günther, 1940, and Gratidia bituberculata Redtenbacher, 1889 and Leptynia xinganensis Chen & He, 1993 to Sceptrophasma Brock & Seow-Choen, 2002. Acrophylla sichuanensis Chen & He, 2001 remains of unknown generic assignment, but is shown to be not a member of the Australian genus Acrophylla Gray, 1835. Furthermore, as Baculum Saussure, 1861 is a neotropical genus and most Old World species previously attributed this genus are now listed in Ramulus Saussure, 1861, all Chinese species described in this genus are consequently transferred to Ramulus Saussure. Other changes of specific placements are based on published literature and concern to the following three synonymies not recognized by Chinese workers: Abrosoma Redtenbacher, 1906 (= Prosceles Uvarov, 1940), Necroscia Audinet-Serville, 1838 (= Aruanoidea Redtenbacher, 1908), Lopaphus Westwood, 1859 (= Paramyronides Redtenbacher, 1908). Megalophasma Bi, 1995 is transferred from Necrosciinae to Lonchodinae. Four lectotypes are designated and three new specific synonyms revealed. A lectotype is designated for Rhamphophasma modestus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893, the type-species of Rhamphophasma Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893, in order to fix this genus and species. The male paralectotype is shown to be a male of Parapachymorpha nigra Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893, the type-species of Parapachymorpha Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893. Clitumnus porrectus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is synonymised with Bacillus ? artemis Westwood, 1859 with a lectotype designated for the former (n. syn.). A lectotype is designated for Oxyartes lamellatus Kirby, 1904. Paracentema stephanus Redtenbacher, 1908 is shown to have been erroneously synonymised with Neohirasea japonica (de Haan, 1842) and here synonymised with Neohirasea maerens (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) (n. syn.). In order to fix the new synonymy a lectotype is designated for Paracentema stephanus Redtenbacher, 1908. Finally, a biogeographic analysis of the Chinese phasmid fauna is presented. This includes brief background information on the topography and biogeography of China along with maps showing the seven zoogeographical subregions currently recognized as well as the 4 municipalities, 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 2 special administrative regions of China. A summary of the taxonomic compilation of the fauna is provided and its relationships with neighbouring regions, of both the Palearctic and Oriental realms, are discussed. A study is presented on the distribution of the taxa and species densities of each province / autonomous region.
Article
Full-text available
The genus Hermarchus Stål, 1875 (type-species: Phibalosoma pythonius Westwood, 1859) is an artificial taxon. The new genus Macrophasma n. gen. (type-species: Hermarchus biroi Redtenbacher, 1908) is described to contain all New Guinean species currently in Hermarchus Stål, as these differ considerably from the type-species of Hermarchus Stål from Fiji by various features of the insects and eggs. Hermarchus biroi Redtenbacher, 1908, H. lyratus Redtenbacher, 1908 and H. oreitrephes Günther, 1929 are transferred to Macrophasma n. gen.. Hermarchus annulatus Günther, 1929 and H. muelleri Redtenbacher, 1908 are shown to be synonyms of H. biroi Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.). A lectotype is designated for M. biroi (Redtenbacher, 1908) with the egg described and illustrated. Three new species of the genus Stephanacris Redtenbacher, 1908 from New Guinea are described and illustrated from the females and eggs: Stephanacris draconius n. sp. from Papua New Guinea, Stephanacris multilobatus n. sp. from southeast West Papua and Stephanacris laeviceps n. sp. from northwest West Papua. Holotypes are deposited in ZSMC and RMNH, paratypes in the first and second author’s collections.
Article
Full-text available
The subfamily Lonchodinae is a large but still rather poorly studied group of Old World Phasmatodea. The collections of the authors include numerous species of Lonchodinae from the Philippine Islands of Samar, Mindoro, Panay, Babuyan and Luzon, some of which are here studied in detail. Two new genera and eleven new species are described. Keys to the genera and a checklist of Philiippine Lonchodinae are presented which lists 28 described species in nine distinct genera. The genus Mithrenes Stål, 1877 is re-described and distinguished from related genera. Two new species are described based on both sexes and the eggs: Mithrenes mindorensis sp. n. from Mindoro and Mithrenes panayensis sp. n. from Panay. A lectotype is designated for Mithrenes asperulus Stål, 1877. The paralectotype of Lonchodes systropedon Westwood, 1859 is conspecific with Mithrenes whiteheadi (Kirby, 1896) and Lonchodes nodulosus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is the opposite sex and a junior synonym as is Dixippus bilobatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 (syn. n.). A lectotype is designated for Dixippus bilobatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and descriptions are provided for both sexes. Keys are presented to distinguish between the four described species in the genus. The new species Lonchodes philippinicus sp. n. from Panay is described and illustrated based on bothsexes and the eggs. As currently treated the genus Lonchodes Gray, 1835 is shown to be polyphyletic. A critical discussion of the genus is presented, which briefly summarizes the generic units or specific groups recognized within the genus. Species subsequently attributed to Lonchodes Gray are here transferred to the genera Lonchodiodes gen. n., Mnesilochus Stål, 1877 and Hermagoras Stål, 1875. A list of species which belong in Lonchodes (sensu stricto) is provided. The new genus Lonchodiodes gen. n. (type-species: Lonchodiodes samarensis sp. n.) and five new species are described and illustrated. Four species are known from both sexes and the eggs: Lonchodiodes atrovirens sp. n. and Lonchodiodes grandis sp. n. from Panay, Lonchodiodes samarensis sp. n. from Samar and Lonchodiodes babuyanensis sp. n. from the Babuyan Islands. Lonchodiodes eurycanthoides sp. n. from Mindoro is described from the male and female alone. Three species are transferred from Lonchodes Gray, 1835 to Lonchodiodes gen. n.: Lonchodes putingmantsa Zompro, 2003 comb. n., Lonchodes tagalicus Stål, 1877 comb. n. and Lonchodes trollius Westwood, 1859 comb. n.. The female and egg of L. trollius (Westwood, 1859) are described and illustrated for the first time and a re-description is provided of the male. Keys are presented to distinguish between the eight known species in the genus. A list of species is presented for Periphetes Stål, 1877. One new species, Periphetes quezonicus sp. n., is described from Luzon based on the female and male. A detailed description and illustrations of the egg of Periphetes forcipatus (Bates, 1865) from Sulawesi are provided. Dixippus furcatus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and Periphetes duivenbodei elongatus Günther, 1938 from Sulawesi and Periphetes sangirensis Dohrn, 1910 from Sangihe Island shown to be junior synonyms of P. forcipatus (Bates) (syn. n.). Lectotypes are designated for Lonchodes analis Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and Lonchodes forcipatus Bates, 1865. The new genus Matutumetes gen. n. is described for two new species from Mindanao, both of which are known from the male and female: M. amoenus sp. n. and M. mindanaensis sp. n.. This new genus is well characterized by the strikingly prominent praeopercular organ of females. The eggs of Matutumetes gen. n. remain unknown. Mnesilochus Stål, 1877 is re-established (stat. rev.), re-described and distinguished from related genera. A list is presented of the 13 species currently included, 11 of which are here transferred from either Lonchodes Gray, 1835 (sensu lato) or Phenacephorus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 (new combinations). The female and egg of Mnesilochus headulus Stål, 1877 are described and illustrated for the first time and a re-description is provided of the male. Prisomera tuberculatum Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is synonymised with Mnesilochus mindanaense (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) syn. n.. Prisomera modestissimum Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 was synonymised with Mnesilochus modestus (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) in error and is shown to be a synonym of Paraprisomera coronata (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) n. syn.. The type-locality “S.O. Borneo” is shown to be wrong, the specimens most certainly originating from Sri Lanka. A review is presented of the genus Manduria Stål, 1877, along with a re-description and brief notes on its systematic position. A key is provided to distinguish the females. The female paralectotype of Lonchodes systropedon Westwood, 1859 in BMNH is shown to be a specimen of M. bilobatus (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907). Holotypes of most new taxa are deposited in the State Zoological Collection Munich, Germany (ZSMC), paratypes in various public and private collections.
Article
Full-text available
The genus Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907 (type-species: Taeniosoma sanchezi Bolívar, 1897) is currently known only from the Philippine Islands and Taiwan, but here shown to extend eastwards as far as to the Solomon Islands, Northern New Guinea and even Fiji. A taxonomic review of the genus, and updated keys to the species are presented. The type-species of Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907, P. sanchezi (Bolívar, 1897) from Luzon, Philippines is shown to have been misinterpreted by previous authors. This has resulted in the description of the here revealed junior synonym Phasmotaenia elongata Zompro & Eusebio, 2000 (n. syn.). A survey of the intraspecific variation of P. sanchezi (Bolívar, 1897) is provided along with illustrations of the holotype. Phasmotaenia australe (Günther, 1933) from the Solomon Islands is removed from synonymy with Phasmotaenia godeffroyi (Redtenbacher, 1908) n. comb. from Micronesia and shown to be a distinct and valid species (rev. stat.). Both species are transferred to Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907. Examination of the paratypes of P. australe (Günther, 1933) has revealed these to represent two different species distinct from the holotype, one of which is described as new herein (P. guentheri n. sp.). The male of P. australe is described and illustrated for the first time, and re-descriptions are presented of the female and egg along with notes on its considerable intraspecific variability. Stephanacris laeviceps Hennemann & Conle, 2006 from New Guinea (Mt. Doorman) and Hermarchus inermis Redtenbacher, 1908 from Fiji are transferred to Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907 (n. comb.). A lectotype is designated for Hermarchus inermis Redtenbacher, 1908. Five new species from the Solomon Islands are described and illustrated: P. bukaense n. sp. (Buka Id.), P. guentheri n. sp. (Makira Id.), P. salomonense n. sp. (Bougainville Id. & Santa Isbel Id.), P. spinosa n. sp. (Malaita Id.) and P. virgea n. sp. (New Georgia Id.). While the females and eggs of all five species are recognized, the males of P. guentheri n. sp. , P. bukaense n. sp. and P. salomonense n. sp. remain as yet undescribed. The genus now contains eleven described species and the geographic distribution is shown to extend from Lanyuh Island southeast of Taiwan and the Philippines over Micronesia, New Guinea and the Solomon Islands as far as Fiji in the east. This interesting distributional pattern is briefly discussed under the aspect of biogeography and taking the geology of the concerned regions into account. A modified and extended description of the genus Phasmotaenia Navás, 1907 and differentiation from related genera is provided along with updated keys to the eleven species currently known. Two further so far unnamed species from the Philippines (Luzon) and the Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal) are recognized but not formally described.
Book
Colombia is amongst the 17 megadiverse countries in the world mainly due to its privileged position in northwestern South America and its highly complex topography. The latter includes the Andes and various types of environments ranging from tropical lowland rainforest over dwarf forest and Parámo to lowland savannas. Hence, it represents close to the optimum conditions for a high biodiversity and it is not surprising that also the stick insect fauna (order Phasmatodea) is apparently rich and highly diverse. A considerable number of Phasmatodea from various museum collections in Colombia, the United States and Europe was available for examination. Extensive research and determination has shown this material to serve numerous new and precise records and as many as 74 species have proven to be as yet undescribed. These are here described and illustrated and raise the number of known Colombian species to 182, which however is certainly still far away from the true number of existing species. The surprisingly high number of new species emphasizes the great richness, but poor degree of exploration of the Colombian phasmid fauna and Colombia is here estimated to inherit some 300 species. Consequently, numerous species still await discovery and formal description. Several further supposedly new species are contained in the material at hand, but are not described, mostly because the unique specimens are without precise locality or incomplete and in poor condition. In combination with the comprehensive taxonomic catalogue here presented, this work provides the necessary basis for future studies and is the first step towards a more sufficient exploration of the Colombian Phasmatodea. Only some 90 species were previously known from Colombia and the present study doubles the number to 182 species now recorded from Colombia. 74 new species are here described and illustrated, which belong to 31 distinct genera. As many as 19 species, 15 genera and one subgenus previously only known from neighbouring regions are recorded from Colombia for the first time. Descriptions and illustrations are provided for the previously unknown males or females of nine species. What concerns to taxonomic changes amongst Colombian species eleven new synonymies are detected, six of which are generic synonyms (syn. n.). 25 species are shown to have previously been misplaced and are transferred to other genera, resulting in 25 new combinations of generic and specific names (comb. n.) . Six species are transferred back to their original genus (stat. rev.). Four new genera are described, and three formerly misplaced species are transferred to either genus. Lectotypes are designated for 13 species, either to guarantee stability of the concerned names or confirming newly established synonymies. The extensive material examined for this study is represented in various museum collections throughout Colombia, the United States and Europe as well as the author’s collections (see list of abbreviations below). It also includes all necessary and mostly historic type-material and has received much support from all responsible curators and staff of the corresponding museums and institutions. Type specimens of the 74 new species described in this book are deposited in the collections of ANDES-E (Bogotá), BMNH (London), CEBUC (Manizales), CEUA (Medellín), ICN (Bogotá), MEFLG (Medellín), MHN-UC (Manizales), MNCN (Madrid), MNHN (Paris), NHMW (Vienna) and coll. OC (Bolsterlang). Photographic work and measuring of specimens in Colombian collections was carried out by Yeisson Gutiérrez. While most genera were extensively studied, the available material of some more speciose genera was researched in less detail and mainly restricted to identifying specimens of already described species. This particularly concerns to Isagoras Stål, 1875 and Libethra Stål, 1875 both of which are badly in need of detailed revision at the species level. Both genera contain species only known from a single sex or specimen without precise locality. A survey, new arrangement a redescription of Libethra Stål, 1875 is presented herein, which also covers the non-Colombian species, and represents a basis for a detailed revisional study of the genus. In addition to the description of new taxa, future studies should also aim the recognition of historic species in the more comprehensive representation now available. However, extensive collections throughout Colombia need to be conducted in order to re-discover historic species, defining their exact distribution, habitats, host-plants or biology and to trace the numerous so far unknown sexes and eggs of many species. It is hoped that this book will raise interest in the incredible natural history of this country and will encourage people to support the conservation of these fascinating insects in Colombia.
Article
Full-text available
Olcyphides cancellatus Redtenbacher, 1906 was described from Canton, China, in error. The species was transferred to Pseudolcyphides Karny, 1923, a genus that later on was synonymized with Malacomorpha Rehn, 1906. However, the name P. cancellatus was forgotten and was not mentioned in the publication where Pseudolcyphides was synonymized with Malacomorpha and thus was not transferred. Here the original geographical record is corrected and the species is transferred to Malacomorpha. The resulting new combination, M. cancellata comb. nov., resulted from examination of specimens from state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. In addition, species diagnosis, redescription of the female and the first description of male specimens, with comparative comments on other Malacomorpha species, are provided.
Article
Full-text available
Pseudophasmatidae currently includes 65 species recorded from Brazil. In this paper, we increase this number to 68 species by describing Agrostia flavimaculata sp. nov., based on male and female specimens from Acre and Amazonas states. Furthermore, Parastratocles multilineatus (Rehn, 1904) and Metriophasma (Metriophasma) diocles (Westwood, 1859) are recorded for the first time from Brazil based on specimens from Rondônia, Acre and Amazonas states. A key to species of Agrostia is also given.
Article
The egg and the adult female of Paraprisopus apterus Conle, Hennemann, Bellanger, Lelong, Jourdan & Valero, 2020, from French Guiana, are described here for the first time. Ant-mimicking morphology and behaviour of post-hatch Paraprisopus nymphs are reported and discussed.
Article
The enigmatic, monotypic genus Laciphorus Redtenbacher, 1908 (type species: Laciphorus lobulatus Redtenbacher, 1908) is redescribed and its taxonomic position is explained. It belongs to a subgroup of ‘anareolate’ Phasmatodea currently referred to as Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini: ‘Bacteria-group’ and now members of a clade termed Occidophasmata (Simon et al., 2019). Globocalynda Zompro, 2001 is shown to be the morphologically most similar and presumably most closely related genus. Two new synonymies are revealed. The previously believed lost female holotype of Laciphorus lobulatus Redtenbacher, 1908 is traced in the collection of the Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna (NHMW) and is shown to be the same specimen as the holotype of Bostra scabrinota Redtenbacher, 1908, which consequently is a junior objective synonym (n. syn.). Both species are here shown to be synonyms of Ocnophila capitata Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, because this represents the male of Redtenbacher’s two aforementioned species (n. syn.). Thus, the valid name for this species now is Laciphorus capitatus (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) n. comb. A lectotype is designated for Ocnophila capitata Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907. Laciphorus appears to be geographically restricted to the ‘Coastal Lomas’ of western Peru, which biogeographically lie within the Coastal Peruvian Desert, and seems to be peculiar to its host-plant Ophryosporus pubescens Small, 1814 (Asteraceae).
Article
Full-text available
The genus Paraloxopsis Günther, 1932 was described from a single female specimen of Paraloxopsis korystes Günther, 1932. The male and egg are described for the first time, along with a redescription, and illustrations, of the female; three new Bornean localities are recorded for this species. Loxopsis tuberculata Redtenbacher, 1908 is transferred to Paraloxopsis, redescribed, and recorded from five new localities. The key features distinguishing this genus from Loxopsis Westwood, 1859 are listed. The mode of egg laying is discussed in relation to other possible related genera.
Article
Stick insects have received little attention in Brazil, with many taxa lacking taxonomic, biological and morphological information on the literature. This represents a gap of knowledge for inclusive groups in Phasmatodea and for the Neotropical diversity as a whole, including members of poorly known Pygirhynchini (Heteronemiidae). Canuleius similis Redtenbacher belongs to that lineage and is redescribed based on 123 individuals recently collected or raised in captivity. Bacteria ornata Brunner von Wattenwyl is found to be a junior synonym of C. similis. Lectotypes and paralectotypes are designated for Canuleius inermis Redtenbacher, of which part of the syntype series is assigned to C. similis. The male, female, nymphs and eggs were analyzed, illustrated and described. External macromorphology of mouthparts, cerci, tarsi, antennae and internal morphology of genitalia of both sexes, in special the male genitalia were accounted for. The findings on male and female genitalia are discussed considering available information for Phasmatodea, including so far infrequently referenced works on Chilean species, hoping to shed more light in the understanding of genital structures in these insects. The male genitalia have common characters between Heteronemiidae and Pseudophasmatidae, indicating that the former may be a member of Occidophasmata. Female and male internal genitalia vary interespecifically and appears to be conservative in the same population. Traditional taxonomic characters, mostly related to camouflage, are shown to vary whereas detailed morphology is emphasized to be more conservative and encouraged to be included in future analyses. Additional information on habitat, behavior and development are given.
Article
Full-text available
The two Central American genera Hypocyrtus Redtenbacher, 1908 and Rhynchacris Redtenbacher, 1908 (Xerosomatinae: Hesperophasmatini) are revised at the species level. Extended redescriptions of both genera are presented along with keys to the species contained. Detailed descriptions and illustrations of all seven known species are provided. Hypocyrtus Redtenbacher, 1908 is here confirmed as a valid genus and now contains three distinct species, all of which are restricted to southern Mexico, Guatemala and Belize. Ocnophila ornatissima Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is removed from Ocnophila Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 and transferred to Hypocyrtus (n. comb.). H. postpositus Redtenbacher, 1908 is removed from Lamponius Stal, 1875 and returned to Hypocyrtus (rev. stat). Two new synonyms are established in Hypocyrtus: Anophelepis vittatus Westwood, 1859 = Anophelepis scythrus Westwood, 1859 (n. syn.) and Hypocyrtus substrumosus Redtenbacher, 1908 = Hypocyrtus postpositus Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.). The male and egg of H. ornatissimus (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) and the egg of H. scythrus (Westwood, 1859) are described and illustrated for the first time. Rhynchacris now contains four known species distributed throughout southern Central America (Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama) and northeast Colombia. The monotypic genus Pseudoceroys Hebard, 1923 was previously misplaced in Diapheromerinae: Diapheromerini: "Clonistria-group" and is here shown to be a synonym of Rhynchacris Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.). The type-species P. hanoweriHebard, 1923 automatically becomes a member of Rhynchacris (comb. n.). R. chocoense n. sp. from the Chocó Province is described from the female and is the first record of the genus from Colombia; the holotype is preserved in the Natural History Museum, London (BMNH). Ceroys bigibbus Rehn, 1904 was previously misplaced and is here transferred to Rhynchacris (comb. n.). Hesperophasma lobata Redtenbacher, 1908 is a synonym of the type species Rhynchacris ornata Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.). The male of R. ornata Redtenbacher, 1908 is described and illustrated for the first time. Lectotypes are designated for Anophelepis scythrus Westwood, 1859 and Hypocyrtus substrumosus Redtenbacher, 1908.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.