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In the context of globalization, competitiveness has been employed extensively as an approach to promote regional or local development. In this article, municipal development and its relation to competitiveness in a situation of increasing economic openness and integration are evaluated. The state of Tamaulipas, Mexico is analyzed due to its relative economic and geographic position, which allows it to participate actively in globalizing processes. The research includes all 43 municipalities in Tamaulipas, for which the levels of competitiveness and development between 1990 and 2010 are estimated. A panel data regression analysis is employed to assess the link between these two variables. Estimates show persistent spatial disparities and suggest that higher competitiveness leads to more development. The evidence also indicates that other variables have mixed impacts.
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... Cuadro 1. Subíndices de competitividad y variables explicativas Variable expresada por cada mil habitantes del municipio. **Variable expresada por cada mil viviendas particulares habitadas del municipio.Fuente: a partir deEsqueda (2014). ...
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El objetivo del capítulo es analizar la competitividad de los municipios tamaulipecos para el periodo 1990-2020. La contribución del trabajo se da en dos vertientes; por un lado, la metodológica, ya que propone una forma de medir la competitividad Ad hoc a la realidad del municipio mexicano y, por el otro, presenta un panorama del desempeño competitivo de los municipios tamaulipecos en un periodo caracterizado por el reforzamiento de la liberalización y apertura económica. Se encontró que en los últimos 30 años se ha consolidado un régimen de municipios exitosos o poseedores de una mejor situación competitiva frente a uno de municipios rezagados. Esto revela la ineficacia, statu quo o inexistencia de políticas públicas regionales. En conjunto, la evidencia subraya la importancia estatal y nacional de priorizar las acciones en pro de un desarrollo intermunicipal de mayor calidad. Al respecto puede ser de gran utilidad incorporar herramientas como el Índice de Competitividad Municipal aquí propuesto dado que permite establecer diagnósticos y objetivos de política pública cuantificables.
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La microplaneación participativa acompañada de una estrategia metodológica centrada en los talleres participativos, logra obtener información vital para los equipos técnicos, que una vez sistematizada y organizada, sirve como insumo para la elaboración de los proyectos ejecutivos. De toda la información recuperada en las cartografías (tanto en adultos y niños) se desprenden suficientes datos para elaborar una radiografía del polígono normativo de la colonia.
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This paper aims to assess the regional economic impacts in Tamaulipas (Mexico) in 2020 due to the SARS-Cov-2 pandemics. To do so, we analyze the performance of the state's economy in the national and regional context. Furthermore, based on macroeconomic indicators, we provide a timely diagnosis in a scenario with little or no information on the state and derive public policy implications. In this regard, we suggest a series of actions to promote the state's economic recovery.
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The view that nations compete against each other like big corporations has become pervasive among Western elites--many of whom are in the Clinton administration. As a practical matter, however, the doctrine of "competitiveness" is flatly wrong. The world's leading nations are not, to any important degree, in economic competition with each other. Nor can their major economic woes be attributed to "losing" on world markets. This is particularly true in the case of the United States. Yet Clinton's theorists of competitiveness--from Laura D'Andrea Tyson to Robert Reich to Ira Magaziner--make seemingly sophisticated arguments, most of which are supported by careless arithmetic and sloppy research. Competitiveness is a seductive idea, promising easy answers to complex problems. But the result of this obsession is misallocated resources, trade frictions and bad domestic economic policies.
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POTTER J. Evaluating regional competitiveness policies: insights from the New Economic Geography, Regional Studies. his paper examines the relevance of theoretical insights emerging from the New Economic Geography (NEG) for the evaluation of regional competitiveness policies. The major value of the NEG for evaluation is that it offers a clear theory of change on how policy can be expected to impact on regional competitiveness and a theoretical framework for considering potential impacts on national growth as well as spatial equity. Its insights can inform the questions that evaluators pose and the processes they seek to measure. NEG ideas on the influences on competitiveness and their outcomes suggest several new evaluation challenges, including extending the scope of the activities evaluated, assessing interrelationships among regions, assessing impacts on net agglomeration economies, evaluating the trade-off between growth and equity, and understanding threshold effects.