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Oviedo a fines de la Edad Media. Morfología urbana y politica concejil

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Abstract

"Sono cittadini coloro che si sentono tali, che sono orgogliosi di appartenere a una comunita superiore al villaggio per potenza, per ricchezza, per cultura, per tradizioni artistiche, per un passatto memorabile, per l'attitudine, a uno sforzo comune". Así definia Roberto Sabatino Lopez el concepto de ciudad en la Edad Media, desde la perspectiva psicologica de sus integrantes y del sentido de pertenencia a una comunidad urbana. Esta observacion, que enriquece las perspectivas de estudio del fenomeno urbano medieval en toda Europa, no excluye los tradicionales planteamientos metodologicos de la reciente historiografia medievalista. Oviedo a fines de la Edad Media. Morfologia urbana y politica concejil aborda el estudio de la capital asturiana desde una clave particular , analizando el progreso y las transformaciones urbanisticas como parte sustancial de la historia de la ciudad y de su patrimonio historico- artistico actual, introduciendo en la historia no solo una perspectiva dinamica y de larga duracion sino tambien la posibilidad de aplicar un metodo regresivo al ser la ciudad actual el punto de partida para la reconstruccion de su pasado medieval. El desarrollo y la configuracion de la morfologia urbana estan, a finales de la Edad Media, estrechamente relacionados con la politica concejil, siendo uno de los ambitos de actuacion preferente el relativo a la policia de la construccion, la salubridad, la higiene y la financiacion de las obras publicas, competencias ampliamente transcendidas en los Libros de Acuerdos municipales de finales del siglo XV y principios del XVI. A caballo entre la Edad Media y la Modernidad, el Oviedo de entonces tratara de adquirir una imagen acorde con su papel de capital historica: ciudad regia, antigua civitas episcopal y sede del Obispo, ciudad santuario, capital administrativa regional -sede de la Junta General del Principado- y ciudad mercado, circunstancias todas ellas perceptibles en su tejido urbano.
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... The analytical purpose of the drawing becomes one of the intended unique features of this study. Although there have been many works regarding the town of Oviedo ( Álvarez Fernández, 2009;Rodríguez Balbín, 1977;Tomé Fernández, 1988), their graphic contributions have been scant and incomplete. This research suggests, as a methodological innovation, the parallel coexistence of text and graphics, which facilitate a comprehensive reading and an understanding of the space formation and transformation of the urban form. ...
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Our historic town centres possess an evocative quality that has recently led to considering these town centres a subject of scientific research, overtaking, if not contradicting, the romantic vision by which they obtained importance in the Western world from the late 18th century. Thus, the present work is framed in the existing and ultimately consolidated method of European universities, which analyse, with an increasing scientific rigour from many different perspectives, the knowledge of the abundant and rich historic town centres that geographically define our living environment. This study focuses on the reconstruction of the urban shape of the town of Oviedo in a series of stages that are marked by the cartographic data collected during the time of the study and that involve substantial changes to the urban fabric of the town. The study attempts to be a historical analysis of urban transformation. This research established a systematic study of earlier times when the urban form offered space patterns different from existing patterns. Using the current structure of the historic centre of Oviedo and the analysis of its pathologies throughout history as a starting point, this study considers the possibility of a methodical study of the past. This project presents the coexistence of parallel textual and visual accounts, which can be read together, as a new methodology to understand the spatial formation and transformation of urban landscapes.
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In this paper we analyze some iron spurs gold recovered in the burial of a knight of the thirteenth century in the monastery of Corias (Asturias, Spain) First, it exposes a stratigraphic context assessment and a description of the spurs; in a second part establishes the chronology of the spurs from comparative analysis with other examples recovered in the different kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula; and finally performs a socioeconomic and political contextualization of the order of knights in Asturias in the thirteenth century.En este artículo se analizan unos acicates de hierro dorados recuperados en el enterramiento de un caballero del siglo XIII en el monasterio de Corias (Asturias). En primer lugar se expone una valoración del contexto estratigráfico y una descripción de las piezas; en una segunda parte se establece la cronología de los acicates a partir del análisis comparativo con otros ejemplos recuperados en los diferentes reinos de la península ibérica; y finalmente se lleva a cabo una contextualización política y socioeconómica del orden de los caballeros en la Asturias del siglo XIII.
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