Citoyenneté et participation des jeunes en France

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Citizenship and youth participation in France Citizenship is a polysemic and complex concept which stands on different registers, sociological,, anthropological, juridical and politological registers. It includes several levels of significance, political and social as well, and local, national and supranational implications. To have its full sense, citizenship requires to be combined with other notions such as nationality. With the entry •young people”, the issue of the broadening of the citizenship area is tackled.

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... Political involvement among young people runs less along traditional channels, such as voting and expressed political interest, than through modern ways such as the Internet, says Ragi (2005). Through explorative research among students Stolle, Hooghe and Micheletti (2005) found that ethical consuming appeals most to young people who have lost their trust in political institutions. ...
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By looking at the role of social relationships, Cicognani and Zani explore the different dimensions that give young people a sense of community. Based on research among adolescent youth in Italy, the authors confirmed that community attachment plays a role in the development of social participation during adolescence, which provides a basis for developing behaviour that reflects civic responsibility and increases active citizenship. Participatory approaches that involved entire communities, for example, in the school contexts – schoolteachers, school principals, teachers, students, parents, etc. – and not only adolescents, had a much higher impact on young people’s participation in the community they live in.
The participation of students in questions. Synthesis of researches in France and in Europe. This paper analysis some researches in France and in Europe focused on pupils participation in school life from the point of view of citizenship education. Two major research groups are presented : researches relating to cooperative councils in the frst degree, which correspond to a form of direct democracy concerning all members of the class ; researches relating on students’ representation in different instances of school life management in the second degree. Analysis of these researches leads to three results : there are some tensions between two main purposes of these devices, shared between an educational purpose and a political purpose ; representation mandates are not sufficient to stimulate young students engagement in the school community life, other forms of participation, more informal, including values and juvenile cultures appear to be necessary ; theory of law could constitute a unifying reference framework of these practices, offering a political, ethical and legal refection on the school community functioning and on education for democratic citizenship.
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