In the first part of this essay, we concluded that the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg has attributed a new role to Art. 18 ECHR, elevating this provision to a novel human rights guarantee against politically or otherwise unduly motivated criminal proceedings. This second part of the essay is dedicated to procedural aspects and issues concerning the application of Art. 18 ECHR. First, we determine the requirements for a conviction under this provision and how they can be proven. Since the burden and standard of proof have decisive influence on the success of applications lodged with the European Court of Human Rights, the effectiveness of the protection against criminal prosecution driven by ulterior motives depends upon these questions. Second, we assess the scope of application of Art. 18 ECHR including, most importantly, the question of whether there is room for its application when absolute Convention guarantees are violated. Third, we examine the potential legal consequences of a conviction under Art. 18 ECHR and evaluate their suitability as compensation for the violation. Finally, we give a brief outlook on the role and effects of Art. 18 ECHR in the future.