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KOÇAK, E., M. ÖZDEMİR ve V. V. ZLOBİN, “Insects Associated with the Endemic Species Heracleum platytaenium Boiss. (Apiaceae) with New Records for the Turkish Fauna”, Turkish Journal of Zoology, 33 (2): 245–247 (2009).

Authors:
  • Isparta University of Applied Sciences
Insects Associated with the Endemic Species
Heracleum platytaenium
Boiss. (Apiaceae) with
New Records for the Turkish Fauna
Erhan KOÇAK1,*, Mustafa ÖZDEMİR1, Vladimir V. ZLOBIN2
1Plant Protection Central Research Institute, 06172, Ankara - TURKEY
2Formerly Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg – RUSSIA
Received: 26.06.2008
Abstract: The perennial monocarpic endemic species
Heracleum platytaenium
Boiss. [Apiaceae (=Umbelliferae)] was collected with
associated insects in Kızılcahamam (Ankara) between June and August in 2006-2007. Nine insects, namely Hemipterous
Graphosoma
lineatum
(L.),
G. semipunctatum
(Fabricius) and
Anoraphis subterranea
(Walker), Coleopterous
Lixus nordmanni
Hochhuht,
Lepidopterous
Aethes kasyi
Razowski,
Epinotia thapsiana
(Zeller) and
Epermenia chaerophyllella
(Goeze), Dipterous
Melanagromyza
heracleana
Zlobin, and
Lasiambia albidipennis
(Strobl.) (Diptera) were determined on
H. platytaenium
. Among them,
M
.
heracleana
(Agromyzidae) is recorded from Turkey for the first time, and
Lasiambia albidipennis
(Chloropidae) is new as genus and species for
the Turkish fauna. Additionally,
H. platytaenium
is recognized as new host for 5 species:
A. subterranea
,
A. kasyi
,
E. thapsiana, E.
chaerophyllella,
and
M
.
heracleana.
Key Words: Apiaceae,
Heracleum platytaenium
, Turkey, insect fauna, new records
Endemik
Heracleum platytaenium
Boiss. (Apiaceae) Üzerindeki Böcekler ve
Türkiye Faunası için Yeni Kayıtlar
Özet: Çok yıllık, monokarpik ve Türkiye’ye endemik bir bitki türü olan
Heracleum platytaenium
Boiss. [Apiaceae (=Umbelliferae)]
Ankara’nın Kızılcaham ilçesinden 2006-2007 yılları Haziran-Ağustos döneminde toplanmıştır. Bitki üzerinde Hemiptera takımından
Graphosoma lineatum
(L.),
G. semipunctatum
(Fabricius) ve
Anoraphis subterranea
(Walker), Coleoptera takımından
Lixus nordmanni
Hochhuht, Lepidoptera takımından
Aethes kasyi
Razowski,
Epinotia thapsiana
(Zeller) ve
Epermenia chaerophyllella
(Goeze), Diptera
takımından
Melanagromyza heracleana
Zlobin ve
Lasiambia albidipennis
(Strobl.) olmak üzere toplam dokuz böcek türü belirlenmiştir.
Bu türler arasında
M
.
heracleana
(Agromyzidae) tür düzeyinde,
Lasiambia albidipennis
(Chloropidae) ise cins ve tür olarak Türkiye
faunası için yeni kayıt durumundadır. Bunlara ek olarak,
H. platytaenium
bitkisi
A. subterranea
,
M
.
heracleana, A. kasyi
,
E. thapsiana,
ve
E. chaerophyllella
için yeni konukçu olarak belirlenmiştir.
Anahtar Sözcükler: Apiaceae,
Heracleum platytaenium
, Türkiye, böcek faunası, yeni kayıtlar
Heracleum platytaenium
is a perennial herbaceous and
monocarpic endemic species belonging to the Euxine
phytogeographic region (Davis, 1972). Many studies on
the relationship between
Heracleum
species and insects in
the world, especially on their biology and the biological
control of giant hogweed,
H. mantegazianum
Sommier
and Levier, and
H. sphondylium
L. with insect fauna in
Europe, the Caucasus, and Canada were carried out
(Bürki and Nentwig, 1997; Jakob et al., 1998; Seier et
al., 2003; Hansen et al., 2006; Hattendorf et al., 2006;
245
* E-mail: erhan_kocak@hotmail.com
Turk J Zool
33 (2009) 245-247
© TÜBİTAK
Short Communication
Karsholt, 2006; Page et al., 2006). In Turkey, results on
the insects of
Heracleum
were reported by Özdemir et al.
(2006) and Gültekin (2006, 2007). In the present study
the insects associated with
H. platytaenium
were studied.
Heracleum platytaenium
specimens were collected in
the vicinity of Kızılcahamam (32º33´ and 32º38´E, 40º33´
and 40º30´ N, approximately 1000 m a.s.l.) of Ankara, in
June-August 2006-2007. The plants were brought to the
laboratory with insects including the immature stage
except for
Graphosoma
spp. (Hemiptera) and kept in
plastic containers. Fresh food was provided as needed to
rear the insects. The stem was kept separately from the
umbel (seeds and flower stalks). Aphids were collected
with a small soft brush and put into a tube with 70%
alcohol. Preparation numbers (GP) of the moth genitalia
are presented in the results.
The material examined, except for the common
species
G. lineatum
and
G. semipunctatum
, was deposited
in the collection of Plant Protection Central Research
Institute, Ankara, Turkey and one-half of the flies,
M.
heraclana
(1Â and 1Î) and
L. albidipennis
(7ÂÂ and 6ÎÎ),
are kept in Zoological Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia.
In this study, insects on the endemic species
H.
platytaenium
were as fallows according to order and
family:
Hemiptera
Graphosoma lineatum
(Linneaus, 1758)
(Pentatomidae)
Material examined. Very common, 5.VII–
20.VIII.2007, Koçak leg and det.
Distribution. Palaearctic.
Graphosoma semipunctatum
(Fabricius, 1775)
Material examined. Common, 5.VII–20.VIII.2007,
Koçak leg and det.
Distribution. Palaearctic.
Anuraphis subterranea
(Walker, 1852) (Aphididae)
Material examined. Numerous, 25.VI-15.VII.2007,
Koçak leg. and Özdemir det.
Distribution. Palaearctic.
Remarks. This aphid was collected from the umbels of
H. platytaenium
that happened new host with this study.
Coleoptera
Lixus nordmanni
Hochhuht, 1847 (Curculionidae)
Material examined. 4ÎÎ, 5ÂÂ, 20.VII-15.VIII.2007,
Koçak leg. and and Gültekin det.
Distribution. The Caucasus (Petri, 1904/1905),
Turkey (Gültekin, 2006).
Remarks.
L. nordmanni
is recorded firstly from
Ankara province.
Lepidoptera
Epermenia chaerophyllella
(Goeze,1783)
(Epermeniidae)
Material examined. 1Î, 1Â, 16.VII.2006, leg E. Koçak
and det. M. Özdemir (Gp4480, Gp4481).
Distribution. Central Asia, Siberia, Western Europe
(Fal’kovich, 1989).
Remarks.
E. chaerophyllella
is recorded from Ankara
for the first time. It was recorded that the larvae was
feeding on umbels of
H. platytaenium
.
Aethes kasyi
Razowski, 1962 (Cochylidae)
Material examined. 2ÎÎ, 1Â, 16.VII.2006, leg E.
Koçak and det. M. Özdemir (GP4508).
Distribution. Turkey, North Syria, Slovakia,
Makedonia, Crimea, Iran (Razowski, 1970; Razowski,
2002).
Remarks. Larval host plant is recorded here for the
first time.
Epinotia thapsiana
(Zeller, 1847) (Tortricidae)
Material examined. 5ÎÎ, 1Â, 16.VII.2006, leg E.
Koçak and det. M. Özdemir (GP4507).
Distribution. Canary Islands, southern and median belt
of Europe to eastern Europen Russia, Transcaucasia,
Turkey, Iran, southern Siberia, Kazakhstan, Tadzhikistan,
Turkmenia, Korea (Razowski, 2003).
Remarks.
Epinotia thapsiana
is recorded from Ankara
for the first time.
H. platytaenium
is new host for this
species.
Diptera
Melanagromyza heracleana
Zlobin, 2005
(Agromyzidae)
Material examined. 1Î, 2ÂÂ, 15.VI.2007, Koçak leg.
and Zlobin det.
Distribution. Russia (Zlobin, 2005), Turkey (new
record).
Insects Associated with the Endemic Species
Heracleum platytaenium
Boiss. (Apiaceae) with New Records for the Turkish Fauna
246
Remarks. The pupae of this species were collected in
mid-June in old flower stem of the plant, and the imagos
emerged in early July. This stem borer on
H.
mantegazzianum
was described by Zlobin (2005) from
the Caucasus.
Lasiambia albidipennis
(Strobl, 1893) (Chloropidae)
Material examined. 14ÎÎ, 12ÂÂ, 14-19.VII.2007,
Koçak leg. and Nartshuk det.
Distribution. Croatia, France, Italy, Russia, Czech
Republic (Kubik, 2006), Turkey (new record).
Remarks. This is a little known and rare species. The
larvae in young and old stems of the plant were collected
in late June, and the imagos emerged in mid-July. This
species is known as saprophage (Nartshuk, 2005). We
also found the larvae were nearby and on the decomposed
stems, which were caused by some larvae of
L. nordmanni
and
M. heracleana
. Also the larvae were feeding inside of
the dead bodies of
Lixus
sp. larvae or pupae.
Acknowledgement
The authors are grateful for identification of chloropid
species to E.P. Nartshuk from Zoological Institute,
Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia, for
weevil to L. Gültekin from Plant Protection Department of
Agricultural Faculty of Atatürk University, Erzurum,
Turkey, and for aphid species to I. Özdemir from Plant
Protection Central Research Institute, Ankara, Turkey.
E. KOÇAK, M. ÖZDEMİR, V. V. ZLOBIN
247
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