Activity Restriction Among Women With a Short Cervix

George Washington University, Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
Obstetrics and Gynecology (Impact Factor: 5.18). 06/2013; 121(6):1181-1186. DOI: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e3182917529


To estimate determinants of and outcomes associated with activity restriction among women with a short cervix.

This was a secondary analysis of a randomized trial of 17-α hydroxyprogesterone caproate for prevention of preterm birth among nulliparous women with singleton gestations and cervices less than 30 mm by midtrimester ultrasonography. Women were asked weekly whether they had been placed on pelvic, work, or nonwork rest. "Any activity restriction" was defined as being placed on any type of rest. Factors associated with any activity restriction were determined and the association between preterm birth and activity restriction was estimated with multivariable logistic regression.

Of the 657 women in the trial, 646 (98%) responded to questions regarding activity restriction. Two hundred fifty-two (39.0%) were placed on any activity restriction at a median of 23.9 weeks (interquartile range 22.6-27.9 weeks). Women on activity restriction were older, more likely to have private insurance, less likely to be Hispanic, had a shorter cervical length, and were more likely to have funneling and intra-amniotic debris. Preterm birth at less than 37 weeks of gestation was more common among women placed on activity restriction (37% compared with 17%, P<.001). After controlling for potential confounding factors, preterm birth remained more common among those placed on activity restriction (adjusted odds ratio 2.37, 95% confidence interval 1.60-3.53). Results were similar for preterm birth at less than 34 weeks of gestation.

Activity restriction did not reduce the rate of preterm birth in asymptomatic nulliparous women with a short cervix.

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  • No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The most significant action of progesterone appears to be on the cervix and in prevention rather than on treatment of preterm delivery. In women with singleton gestations, no prior PTB, and CL <20 mm at <24 weeks, vaginal progesterone, either 90 mg gel or 200 mg suppository, is associated with reduction of both preterm birth (PTB) and perinatal morbidity/mortality. Cerclage is as effective as vaginal progesterone in women with CL <25 mm. Treatment of women with previous PTB with 17OHP-C from 16 to 20 weeks' gestation until 36 weeks could reduce significantly both the risk of delivery at <37, <35 and <32 weeks' gestation, as well as the rates of NEC, the need for supplemental oxygen and IVH. In women successfully treated with tocolytics progesterone combined with corticosteroid therapy lengthens pregnancy, reduces occurrence of respiratory distress syndrome and low birth weight. However, there is currently insufficient evidence on the role of progesterone after arrested preterm labor. It is reasonable to support an approach with CL screening of women with prior PTB starting at 16 to 19 weeks and administration of progesterone to women with a short cervix. Cerclage may be offered to those with a CL<25 mm. A combination of traditional tocolytics, corticosteroids and progesterone might be beneficial.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
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    ABSTRACT: Large randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that universal maternal cervical length screening and treatment with daily vaginal progesterone in women with short cervical length reduces the risk of preterm birth, but large numbers of women must be screened to prevent a relatively small number of preterm deliveries. Issues that should be considered while implementing universal cervical length screening include: (1) the standards of quality and reproducibility for transvaginal ultrasound cervical length ascertainment; and (2) the implications of screening on the application of therapeutic strategies to populations not known to benefit (so-called "indication creep"). Optimal strategies to employ cervical ultrasound and progesterone treatment might be revealed by additional studies investigating cervical length cutoffs, frequency of screening, selective screening in higher-risk groups, and the use of transabdominal cervical length screening as a surrogate for transvaginal cervical length screening.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
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