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Ayurveda in Treatment of Bone Disorders in Human: A Review

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Abstract

The human skeletal system becomes brittle, due to loss of bone density, which can lead to fractures and a compressed spinal column, thereby affecting posture and resulting pain in the back and the spine with increasing age. With alarming conditions, it affects other functions and organs in the body, causing associated symptoms of osteoporosis, constipation, degenerative arthritis, low back pain, insomnia, bladder and kidney weakness, frequent urination and dental problems. The incidences are more prevalent in older women. Ayurveda considers this deficiency disorder to be dominated by the air humour of vata.
Ganguly Int J Ayu Pharm Chem Vol. 2 Issue 1, 2015
ganguly38@gmail.com
Int J Ayu Pharm Chem
REVIEW ARTICLE www.ijapc.com
e-ISSN 2350-0204
Received: 8th December 2014/ Accepted: 21st December 2014 / Published: 10th January 2015
Greentree Group
©International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, 2014
Ayurveda in Treatment of Bone Disorders in Human: A Review
Subha Ganguly *
* Faculty of Fishery Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, 5, Budherhat Road, P.O.- Panchasayar, Chakgaria,
Kolkata, WB, India
Int J Ayu Pharm Chem
Greentree Group 13
Abstract
The human skeletal system becomes brittle, due to loss of bone density, which can lead to
fractures and a compressed spinal column, thereby affecting posture and resulting pain in the
back and the spine with increasing age. With alarming conditions, it affects other functions and
organs in the body, causing associated symptoms of osteoporosis, constipation, degenerative
arthritis, low back pain, insomnia, bladder and kidney weakness, frequent urination and dental
problems. The incidences are more prevalent in older women. Ayurveda considers this
deficiency disorder to be dominated by the air humour of vata.
Keywords
Ayurveda, Bone disorders
INTRODUCTION
Ayurveda recommends the improvement in
bone density through wholesome nutrition,
herbs, healthy activities, and with some
good home therapies, without depending on
drugs or hormones. In fact, osteoporosis is
considered to occur contributing to
menopausal disorders in women due to the
same causes as impairment of vata dosha.
The Ashoka bark possess potassium, iron,
magnesium, sodium, silica, phosphate and
calcium, is also considered good for
improving bone density and alleviating
uterine disorders in menopausal women [1-3].
Ayurvedic herbs for use in therapy
Ashwagandha, Shatavari, Dashamula,
Triphala, Safron, Gotu kola, Brahmi and
Amalaki are some of the nourishing herbs
recommended by Ayurveda for this
condition, and to maintain good hormonal
balance in the body. Few other common
herbs that can boost hormonal system are
motherwort, milk thistle, ginger, sage,
raspberry leaves, valerian, horsetail, nettles,
ginseng, Siberian, hawthorn, berries,
dandelion root. [4,5]
Several herbs are beneficial for treating bone
weakness (osteoporosis) and support healing
due to fractures. These conditions are most
commonly due to vata dosha vitiation. For
these conditions oat straw, amalaki and
comfrey are recommended. Oat straw is a
cool tonic that balances vata and pitta and is
Int J Ayu Pharm Chem
Greentree Group 14
effective in stimulation of bone growth.
Amalaki, an outstanding general tonic for
the body is also traditionally used for
augmenting bone development. Bhringaraj
is an important herb that can be used for
both tonification of the bones and
purification. Comfrey has long been used for
supporting the healing of bones following
fracture. It is cooling and moist and balances
vata and pitta doshas. [3,4]
Prescribed intake
These herbs are recommended for intake as
it is or used in the form of tea, wherein one
tablespoon of the herb can be boiled in two
cups of water, allowed to-steep for 10
minutes, before straining, and drinking after
meals. A small amount of honey can be
mixed if at all desired.
Other Ayurvedic formulations
recommended
Other general ayurvedic formulations
recommended are Loha soveram, Swarna
vadha rakshasa, Bhaskara lavanam,
Maharasnathi kwatha churanam,
Panjathiktha gugglu kritham, and
Brihachakalathyam krutham, Balarishta,
Vadagajankuja Rasa, Vadha vithvamsini
Rasa, Yogaraja Guggulu, Vadha Rakshasa
and Navagrahi sinduram [3,5].
CONCLUSION
It is most beneficial for pitta dosha. Guggul
and kutki are two herbs that are specific for
purification of the bones and best for
treating kapha dosha in the asthi dhatu. [5]
Abhyanga or self massage using sesame oil,
and Dashamularishta are good for vata
pacification. However, these preparations
should be taken in consultation with an
Ayurvedic physician.
Int J Ayu Pharm Chem
Greentree Group 15
REFERENCES
[1] Low Bone Density - Always Ayurveda. www.alwaysayurveda.com/low-bone-density/
[2] Ayurveda for bones and joints. eVaidyaJi- First Online Ayurveda Service Provider.
www.evaidyaji.com/Ayurveda/Ayurveda_for_Bones_and_Joints
[3] AYURVEDIC TALK. Ayurveda and Yoga Blog - Herbal Remedies | Holistic Health.
Herbal Remedies, Ayurveda India, Researches and News. Improving bone density
through Ayurveda. http://www.ayurvedictalk.com/improving-bone-density-through-
ayurveda/2057/
[4] Joint/bone health | Ayurveda Health.
www.ayurvedahealth.co.nz/category/catalog/jointbone-health
[5] California College of Ayurveda. Asthi Dhatu: A closer look at the bones from the
ayurvedic perspective.
http://www.ayurvedacollege.com/articles/drhalpern/Ashti%20Dhatu
Ganguly Int J Ayu Pharm Chem Vol. 2, Issue 1, 2015
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ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Asthi Dhatu: A closer look at the bones from the ayurvedic perspective
  • California College
  • Ayurveda
California College of Ayurveda. Asthi Dhatu: A closer look at the bones from the ayurvedic perspective.
Ayurveda and Yoga Blog -Herbal Remedies | Holistic Health. Herbal Remedies, Ayurveda India, Researches and News. Improving bone density through Ayurveda
  • Ayurvedic Talk
AYURVEDIC TALK. Ayurveda and Yoga Blog -Herbal Remedies | Holistic Health. Herbal Remedies, Ayurveda India, Researches and News. Improving bone density through Ayurveda. http://www.ayurvedictalk.com/improving-bone-density-throughayurveda/2057/