During excavation on the famous Bronze Age site Gonur (2300-1600 B.C.) in Turkmenistan 70 real burials and places with part of animal skeletons have been found. More often burials of rams/goats (34 burials with remains of 55 individuals), and also dogs (30 burials, 53 individuals) are found out. Special tombs for animals with funeral gifts make a little more than half of all (funeral food, ... [Show full abstract] doleful meat food etc. don’t discussed here). Their different types are met at Gonur: burials of animals in immediate proximity from human tombs or in them; variant of such burial places – a great number of different animals in "yards" of royal tombs; the burials having most likely ritual character – burial places of different animals in special tombs and also placing of parts of hulks of animals in the special small cists or pits. The greatest number of sites with remains of animals is found out at the royal necropolis. Here all kinds of animals (horses, donkeys, bulls, dogs, rams, pigs and camels) were found whereas at others areas of Gonur the overwhelming majority is made by burials of rams. Six of seven burials of donkeys are found at the royal necropolis, only one received name «burial of a foal» on the Large Gonur necropolis. Tombs of rams are met in different territories of Gonur Depe except the Large and royal necropolises. Dogs’ tombs are present basically at the royal necropolis and at the Large big necropolis also. Two burials of bulls were dug out at the royal necropolis. The second territory on number of such tombs is area 16 – the isolated space on the southwest outside of bypass wall. Ritual burial of three rams and a donkey was organized also there. Different species were buried in different types of tombs. It is important to mentioned that the first material certificates of existence of the Margush country have been received less than half a century ago. Therefore nowadays we are only at the beginning of understanding of religion of Margush peoples. But received as a result of excavation the confirmation that different parts of animal body played important role in rituals already are available. So obviously it is not casual that the largest number (in comparison with separate independent burial places) of donkeys is presented in burials by separate parts of skeletons.
Their full camel skeletons (this means that the whole animals have been buried) are found exclusively in royal tombs and huge pits there. Most likely they were used only as a victim for maintenance of conveniences buried in other life. Special rich burials of animals give the grounds to consider that such ceremonies were characteristic feature of local tribes. Presence in ram’s tombs of symbols of the high military and administrative power can specify what big role animals played in Margiane.