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Chrysalid morphology of certain Notodontid moth species (Lepidoptera, Notodontidae) of the fauna of the USSR. [In Russian].Внешняя морфология куколок некоторых видов хохлаток (Lepidoptera, Notodontidae) фауны СССР

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As this article is written in 1986, then some latin names of taxa became antiquated. Author in this resume follows the modern names of taxa (Schintlmeister, 2008). Rabtala cristata Butl., R. splendida Oberth.= Euhampsonia cristata Butl., E. splendida Oberth. Urocampa ocypete Br.= Fentonia ocypete Br. Pheosia fusiformis Matsumura = Pheosia rimosa fusiformis Matsumura Euchila sinicum Moore = Pterostoma sinica Moore Eligmodonta ziczac L.= Notodonta ziczac L. Gonoclostera timonides Br. = Gonoclostera timoniorum Br. Pupae of 19 species representing 16 genera of Notodontidae from Ukraine and Far East (Russia) were examined. As this article is continuation of morphological researches of notodontids pupas (Dolinskaya, 1984 the conclusions aggregate data are driven, about pupas 40 species from 24genera. Cerura Schr., Harpyia Ochsenh., Furcula Lamarck, Gluphisia Bsdv., Pygaera Ochsenh., Clostera Samouel., and Gonoclostera Butler. Maxilla short, not extending to 1/2 of forewing length; not separate prothoracic and mesothoracic legs. Such uniformity structure maybe is related to that caterpillars of these genera pupate on a feed plant (barrels, branches or in leaves). Cremaster absent with the exception of Clostera. Rabtala (= Euhampsonia), Phalera Hubn., Stauropus Germar, Notodonta Ochsenh., Shaka Matsumura, Urocampa (= Fentonia), Tritophia (= Notodonta), Pheosia Hubn., Euchila (= Pterostoma), Ptilodon Hubn., Ptilodontella (= Ptilodon), Leucodonta Stgr., Eligmodonta (= Notodonta) and Spatalia Hubn. Maxilla extending to 1/3 of forewing length; separate only prothoracic legs. Caterpillars pupate in the soil or forest bedding. Cremaster present with the exception of Leucodonta and Ptilodontella (= Ptilodon). Urocampa (= Fentonia) and Spatalia. Tergite of 10-th abdominal segment is covered by the ledges of cuticle, formative the reticulated pattern. Phalera and Urocampa (= Fentonia) back edge of mesonotum pitted. Rabtala (= Euhampsonia), Phalera, Cerura, Furcula and Urocampa (= Fentonia). Top of the head with a large medial comb. Dicranura R.L. (D.ulmi Schiff.). Femurs of prothoracic legs are development. Maxilla very long, extending to tops of forewing length; separate prothoracic and mesothoracic legs.
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Characteristics of palearctic Notodontid moth (Lepidoptera, Notodontidae).based on pupal characters of 66 species from 38 genera are given. It includes both the author's results (Dolinskaya, 1984; 1986; 1989; 1993) and data from the literature
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39 видов хох-латок, относящихся к 20 родам. В зонах смешанных и широколиственных лесов насчитывается 34 и 36 видов соответственно. В лесостепной зоне зафиксирован 31 вид, а в степной — 32 вида. Обнаружен ряд очень ред-ких видов — Cerura intermedia Teich, Furcula aeruginosa Christoph, Phalera bucephaloides Ochsenheimer, Pygaera timon Hübner и Thaumetopoea processionea Linnaeus. В зоогеографическом отношении в Украине преоблада-ют трансевразиатские температные, евро-кавказские и евро-сибирские виды. Виды из 9 родов имеют одно по-коление в жизненном цикле, представители 6 родов — два, а трёх родов могут развиваться как в одном, так и в двух поколениях. Циклика двух видов требует уточне-ния. В первом поколении развитие часто проходит на 11–12 дней быстрее по сравнению со вторым. У многих бивольтинных видов наблюдается перекрывание поко-лений. Самки в лабораторных условиях откладывают до 405 яиц. Продолжительность копуляции наблюдалась в течение 15 часов. Период эмбрионального развития гу-сениц длится 5–8 дней. Развитие гусениц от момента вылупления из яйца до окукливания у большинства ви-дов длится 20–28 дней. Период предкуколки в основном длится 4–5 дней, а время нахождения в куколке — 20– 25 дней или даже 8–10 месяцев (зимняя диапауза). Abstract. The distribution of 39 species of Notodonti-dae Moths belonging to 20 genera was studied from Ukraine. 34 species are found in the zone of mixed forest zone (Polesye), 36 occur in the zone of broad-leaved deciduous forests (including the Carpathian lowland), 31 occur in the forest-steppe zone, and 32 in the steppe zone. Several very rare species (Cerura intermedia Teich, Furcula aeruginosa Christoph, Phalera bucephaloides Ochsenheimer, Pygaera timon Hübner and Thaumetopoea processionea Linnaeus) were recorded. The Trans-Eurasian, Euro-Caucasus and Euro-Siberian species prevail in the fauna of Ukraine. Spe-cies from 9 genera have one generation and species from 6 genera have two generations. Species from 3 genera can develop in 1–2 generations. Many species with two genera-tions have mixed generations. Development if often faster (11–12 days) in the first generation in comparison with the second. Copulation of males and females lasted 15 hours. Females laid up to 100–400 eggs in the laboratory. The fetal life of the caterpillars was 5–8 days. The period of develop-ment of caterpillars (from the moment of hatching to pupa-tion) mostly lasts 20–28 days. The period of prepupa mostly lasts 4–5 days and the pupa 20–25 days, or even 8–10 months (winter diapause).
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The larval head microsculpture of each instar of 66 species belonging to 35 genera of Palaeartic notodontids from Ukraine and Far East of Russia (Primorskii krai) was examined with the use of a scan-ning electron microscope. A comparison with representatives from Lasiocampoidea (Lasiocampidae) and Noctuoidea (Erebidae: Lymantriinae, Arctiinae; Noctuidae) is conducted. Differences in head microsculp-ture and the transformation during development of different larval instars are discussed. Apomorphic and plesiomorphic states of these characters are also discussed. The results of this study are discussed with reference to recently published classifi cations of Notodontidae.
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As this article is written in 1984, then some latin names of taxa became antiquated. Author in this resume brings the modern names of taxa (Schintlmeister, 2008). Harpyia Ochsenh = Furcula Lamarck Notodonta tritophus Esp. = Notodonta torva Hbn. Tritophia phoebe Siebert = Notodonta tritophus Schiff. Exaereta ulmi Schiff. = Dicranura ulmi Schiff. Ptilodontella cucullina Schiff.= Ptilodon cucullina Schiff. Pupae of 11 species representing 7 genera of Notodontidae from Ukraine were examined. Descriptions and comparative morphological analysis are provided for all these species. The diagnostic characters for species are chosen. For all the examined species are keys. Cerura and Harpyia (= Furcula Lamarck). Top of the head with a large medial comb, extending from front to pronotum. Cremaster absent. Cerura, Harpyia (= Furcula Lamarck) and Clostera. Maxilla short, not extending to 1/2 of forewing length; not separate prothoracic and mesothoracic legs. Such uniformity structure maybe is related to that caterpillars of these genera pupate on a feed plant (barrels, branches or in leaves), unlike other studied species that pupate in the soil or forest bedding. Clostera. Cremaster long and narrow. Exaereta ulmi Schiff.(= Dicranura ulmi Schiff.) Femurs of prothoracic legs are development. Maxilla very long, extending to tops of forewing length; separate prothoracic and mesothoracic legs. Notodonta, Tritophia (= Notodonta), Pterostoma, Ptilodontella (= Ptilodon). Maxilla extending to 1/3 of forewing length; separate only prothoracic legs. Cremaster is development.
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