Subjective well-being and time use of brazilian PhD professors

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The university professor suffers high pressure to achieve productivity and performs under work conditions that are not always satisfactory. This study seeks to analyze the subjective well-being, the time-use strategies, and the satisfaction with their use of time of PhD-holding professors with and without productivity grants from the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq). A total of 83 professors participated in the study (48 with productivity grants), with an average age of 50 years. A total of 89% of participants were from public institutions. The majority of the participants exhibited high levels of negative affect and low-average levels of satisfaction with their use of time. There was no difference in the subjective well-being or in the satisfaction with the use of time when comparing professors who had received a CNPq grant with professors who had not received a CNPq grant. The most important reason for dissatisfaction with the use of time was an excess of work, whereas peer recognition was the primary achievement obtained with the work. How work demands and conditions influence the well-being of the professors is discussed in this study.

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... A very significant feature of the conservation Foundation of the main aspects of the psyche such as memory,thinking, personality structure(spondylitis, 1976, Wasilewski, 1976, Luchenok, 1979, Slonim, 1976, Lazarus, 1976, Mandler, 1979, Valdes, 1978. time, as a psychological phenomenon, is a system-forming factor in the organization of human life, providing the ability to adapt to dynamic situations of real life and self-regulation of activity, providing the possibility of 'self-preservation'[2,4,5,7].Implementation of the principle of self-regulation determines the correspondence of what is happening in life 'normal course of development' from the point of view of man. On the basis of the information received, the individual selectively mobilizes the various mechanisms of the system to return to the optimal level. ...
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The phenomenon of psychological time is manifested in its irreducibility of absolute time and is defined as the ability to achieve personal goals. Individual peculiarities of perception and experience of time are the basis of self-organization of human activity. The relevance of an objective study of the significance of the phenomenonof time is determined by the importance of this category for the implementation of the functions of adaptation and self-realization. Psychophysiological methods can be used to estimate the objective value of time in the system of human semantic links. It allows you to evaluate the strength of psychophysiological reactions of aperson. The individual value of the time category can be calculated on the basis of the integral intensity of the reaction force: heart rate, breathing amplitude, increase in the amplitude of the systole (increase in peripheral blood flow), the severity of the high-amplitude positive half-wave (departure of the KGR wave upward from isolation). Keywords: phenomenon of time, objective research methods, psychophysiological acts, the importance of the concept
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O professor universitário recebe elevada pressão por produtividade e atua em condições de trabalho nem sempre satisfatórias. Esta pesquisa buscou analisar o bem-estar subjetivo, as estratégias para uso do tempo e a satisfação com o uso do tempo em professores doutores com e sem bolsa produtividade pelo CNPq. Participaram 83 docentes (48 com bolsa de produtividade), com idade média de 50 anos, sendo 89% de instituições públicas. A maioria dos participantes apresentou alto nível de afeto negativo e nível médio-baixo de satisfação com o uso do tempo. Não houve diferença no bem-estar subjetivo e na satisfação com uso do tempo ao comparar docentes com e sem a referida bolsa. O motivo mais relevante para insatisfação com o uso do tempo foi excesso de trabalho, enquanto o reconhecimento pelos pares foi a principal conquista obtida com o trabalho. Discute-se como as demandas e as condições de trabalho influenciam o bem-estar destes.
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