This contribution provides a comprehensive overview of Taiwan’s court structure and how its structural make-up influenced case management. It examines how the American concept of ‘case-flow management’ has helped improve the quality of civil justice in Taiwan; a jurisdiction that was heavily influenced by German and Japanese procedural law. Case-flow management can be regarded as an independent system which can enhance the performance of the judicial system, improve the allocation of resources and reduce the workload of judges. It aims to draw a distinction between auxiliary matters handled by junior court staff and judicial work handled by judges. This contribution also examines how specialized courts and procedures, in areas such as family and intellectual property, have helped improve case management in Taiwan.