This report documents neighborhood revitalization efforts that have included school reform as part of a comprehensive revitalization plan. This study is exploratory, aimed more at identifying the issues involved in incorporating school reform into neighborhood revitalization than providing models for how this can be done. The report provides a detailed examination, in the form of case studies, of school reform efforts undertaken in distressed neighborhoods in three cities—Atlanta, St. Louis, and Philadelphia. The case studies are based primarily on in-depth interviews with key individuals and entities involved in the school reform and neighborhood revitalization efforts, including housing authority staff, private developers, foundations, local education reform specialists, community-based organizations, school principals and staff, and neighborhood residents.2 The case studies focus on the school reform efforts at each site, rather than on the broader neighborhood revitalization strategies, because considerable work has already been done on housing-based neighborhood redevelopment. HUD, for example, continues to provide The Mixed Finance Guidebook to help housing authorities and developers plan and implement housing-based neighborhood revitalization, for example through the HOPE VI program. By contrast, most housing practitioners do not have a sense of what it takes to create or recreate an excellent school in a distressed neighborhood, or what role that school might play in effecting neighborhood change.