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Grammar studies have focused lately on speech instead of on written language, being the latter the most traditional approach. This situation confronts us with the necessity of a new definition for some grammar concepts. This paper proposes a new definition for the concept of sentence so that it can be used for spoken Spanish analysis. Already existing definitions are evaluated and discarded because they do not fit with many normal speech structures. Besides, they usually are confusing regarding syntactic, prosodic and pragmatic features. We propose a new definition only based on grammar and semantic features. Conclusions show that this approach allows the syntactic analysis of speech in a much more accurate way.
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The general election of 20 December 2015, in Spain was marked by the emergence of new parties claiming new ways of understanding politics. For these parties, the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) is a key element in democratic regeneration (Mancera & Pano, El discurso político en Twitter. Anthropos: Barcelona, 2013; Fuchs, OccupyMedia!, Zero Books, 2014), and Twitter has been used as a major tool for political communication. This chapter discusses work that is part of an investigation into the discourse strategies used in Twitter during this electoral campaign. Considering silence as a discourse strategy, this chapter discusses research on how some relevant topics in relation to human rights were silenced in digital discussion. This chapter focuses on silences related to migration to Spain.
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The aim of the present study is to explore whether traditional discourse units are valid for the analysis of instant messaging (IM) conversations in Spanish. Corpus-based techniques were applied to a 176000 words corpus of Whatsapp interactions in order to compare their features with those of written/spoken texts and of other new forms of communications in Internet. The findings show that we do find relevant differences that affect both the structure of the interaction and how we define the interaction itself. Results indicate that conversations with IM have fuzzy limits, usually occur simultaneously to other interactions, and are multimodal. The findings suggest that units of analysis should be revised not as a variation of traditional written/spoken texts, but as a different class of interactions.