Article

Evaluation of the horticultural traits of genus Alstroemeria and genus Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae)

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Abstract

We investigated the flower characteristics of 7 Alstroemeriaceae plants - 5 Alstroemeria L. species and 2 Bomarea Mirb. species. The flower and tepal sizes, and tepal colours were compared. The flower shape in Alstroemeria psittacina Lehm. was found to be similar to that in Bomarea coccinea (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker. The length/width ratio of B. salsilla (L.) Mirb. was intermediate compared with that of the other species. These preliminary data will be useful in selecting wild species in order to examine interspecific or intergeneric hybridisations in the breeding of Alstroemeriaceae plants.

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... Las especies de Alstroemeria son hierbas perennes, rizomatozas, apreciadas por su valor ornamental (Rustanius et al. 1991, Buitendijk & Ramanna 1996, Buitendijk et al. 1997, Kashihara et al. 2011. Varias especies chilenas son parentales de híbridos interespecíficos utilizados para el cultivo, entre las cuales podemos mencionar A. aurea Graham, A. pelegrina L., A. ligtu L., A. pulchra Sims y A. magnifica Herbet, entre otras . ...
... Las flores de A. magnifica son especialmente hermosas y es una de las especies chilenas con flores más grandes. Su potencial como especie ornamental es enorme, como lo es en general para todo el género Alstroemeria (Kashihara et al. 2011, Assis 2004 Por su valor ornamental, el estudio del color de las flores de Alstroemeria ha concitado la atención de varios autores (Saito et al. 1985, 1988, Norbaek et al. 1996, 1998, Kashihara et al. 2011. En el género Alstroemeria es posible encontrar flores blancas, amarillas, rosadas, anaranjadas, rojas y purpúreas (Bayer 1987); los tres últimos colores son producidos por antocianinas. ...
... Las flores de A. magnifica son especialmente hermosas y es una de las especies chilenas con flores más grandes. Su potencial como especie ornamental es enorme, como lo es en general para todo el género Alstroemeria (Kashihara et al. 2011, Assis 2004 Por su valor ornamental, el estudio del color de las flores de Alstroemeria ha concitado la atención de varios autores (Saito et al. 1985, 1988, Norbaek et al. 1996, 1998, Kashihara et al. 2011. En el género Alstroemeria es posible encontrar flores blancas, amarillas, rosadas, anaranjadas, rojas y purpúreas (Bayer 1987); los tres últimos colores son producidos por antocianinas. ...
Article
Full-text available
Alstroemeria pulchra var. maxima is an endemic Chilean taxon described by R.A. Philippi in 1864, whose taxonomic position is controversial; even though Bayer in 1987 transferred this taxon to A. magnifica with the rank of subspecies, Muñoz & Moreira in 2003 return to the original concept proposed by Philippi. In order to provide a new character to decide if A. pulchra var. maxima is a member of the A. magnifica complex or must remain as a variety of A. pulchra as was originally described, the color of outer, upper inner and lower inner tepals of the flowers of eight populations of Alstroemeria L. belonging to these two endemic Chilean species were analyzed with a spectrophotometer colorimeter Hunterlab Colorquest: five populations of A. magnifica Herbert and three populations of A. pulchra Sims. CIELab coordinates allow to separate A. magnifica from A. pulchra on the basis of the color of the outer and lower inner tepals but not by the color of the upper inner tepals. We conclude that the color of the flower is a new character to confirm that var. maxima belong to A. pulchra, not to the A. magnifica complex.
... Las especies de Alstroemeria son hierbas perennes, rizomatozas, apreciadas por su valor ornamental (Rustanius et al. 1991, Buitendijk & Ramanna 1996, Buitendijk et al. 1997, Kashihara et al. 2011. Varias especies chilenas son parentales de híbridos interespecíficos utilizados para el cultivo, entre las cuales podemos mencionar A. aurea Graham, A. pelegrina L., A. ligtu L., A. pulchra Sims y A. magnifica Herbet, entre otras . ...
... Las flores de A. magnifica son especialmente hermosas y es una de las especies chilenas con flores más grandes. Su potencial como especie ornamental es enorme, como lo es en general para todo el género Alstroemeria (Kashihara et al. 2011, Assis 2004 Por su valor ornamental, el estudio del color de las flores de Alstroemeria ha concitado la atención de varios autores (Saito et al. 1985, 1988, Norbaek et al. 1996, 1998, Kashihara et al. 2011. En el género Alstroemeria es posible encontrar flores blancas, amarillas, rosadas, anaranjadas, rojas y purpúreas (Bayer 1987); los tres últimos colores son producidos por antocianinas. ...
... Las flores de A. magnifica son especialmente hermosas y es una de las especies chilenas con flores más grandes. Su potencial como especie ornamental es enorme, como lo es en general para todo el género Alstroemeria (Kashihara et al. 2011, Assis 2004 Por su valor ornamental, el estudio del color de las flores de Alstroemeria ha concitado la atención de varios autores (Saito et al. 1985, 1988, Norbaek et al. 1996, 1998, Kashihara et al. 2011. En el género Alstroemeria es posible encontrar flores blancas, amarillas, rosadas, anaranjadas, rojas y purpúreas (Bayer 1987); los tres últimos colores son producidos por antocianinas. ...
Article
Full-text available
Alstroemeria pulchra var. maxima is an endemic Chilean taxon described by R.A. Philippi in 1864, whose taxonomic position is controversial; even though Bayer in 1987 transferred this taxon to A. magnifica with the rank of subspecies, Muñoz & Moreira in 2003 return to the original concept proposed by Philippi. In order to provide a new character to decide if A. pulchra var. maxima is a member of the A. magnifica complex or must remain as a variety of A. pulchra as was originally described, the color of outer, upper inner and lower inner tepals of the flowers of eight populations of Alstroemeria L. belonging to these two endemic Chilean species were analyzed with a spectrophotometer colorimeter Hunterlab Colorquest: five populations of A. magnifica Herbert and three populations of A. pulchra Sims. CIELab coordinates allow to separate A. magnifica from A. pulchra on the basis of the color of the outer and lower inner tepals but not by the color of the upper inner tepals. We conclude that the color of the flower is a new character to confirm that var. maxima belong to A. pulchra, not to the A. magnifica complex.
... For the quality production of flowers in floriculture, the most important factors are potting soil mixes. Ornamental floral species tend to have greater global demand, depending on the preferences of people (Kashihara, 2011) [34] . The biological and physicochemical properties of a potting medium affect the growth of plants and roots (Abebe, 2017) [1] . ...
... For the quality production of flowers in floriculture, the most important factors are potting soil mixes. Ornamental floral species tend to have greater global demand, depending on the preferences of people (Kashihara, 2011) [34] . The biological and physicochemical properties of a potting medium affect the growth of plants and roots (Abebe, 2017) [1] . ...
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Growing media is an organic or inorganic material that gives the root system anchorage to the plants. For plant metabolism, growth and development, it provides the necessary plant nutrients. Growing media is an integral part of most systems of horticultural development. Availability in large quantities along with its excellent preservation of air and water, low pH and salinity, and freedom from pests and diseases has led the growing media dominant in many parts of the world in the last 50 years. Several growing media, such as sand, peat, perlite, rock wool, sawdust, cocopeat, compost, etc., are found to be individually or in combination suitable for high-value crops such as gerbera, carnation, rose, orchids, Astroemeria, Lilium, etc. Maximum net benefit for ornamental crops can be achieved when different forms of growing media have been used because the growing media take a direct or indirect function in the growth of plants.
... For the quality production of flowers in floriculture, the most important factors are potting soil mixes. Ornamental floral species tend to have greater global demand, depending on the preferences of people (Kashihara, 2011) [34] . The biological and physicochemical properties of a potting medium affect the growth of plants and roots (Abebe, 2017) [1] . ...
... For the quality production of flowers in floriculture, the most important factors are potting soil mixes. Ornamental floral species tend to have greater global demand, depending on the preferences of people (Kashihara, 2011) [34] . The biological and physicochemical properties of a potting medium affect the growth of plants and roots (Abebe, 2017) [1] . ...
Article
Full-text available
Growing media is an organic or inorganic material that gives the root system anchorage to the plants. For plant metabolism, growth and development, it provides the necessary plant nutrients. Growing media is an integral part of most systems of horticultural development. Availability in large quantities along with its excellent preservation of air and water, low pH and salinity, and freedom from pests and diseases has led the growing media dominant in many parts of the world in the last 50 years. Several growing media, such as sand, peat, perlite, rock wool, sawdust, cocopeat, compost, etc., are found to be individually or in combination suitable for high-value crops such as gerbera, carnation, rose, orchids, Astroemeria, Lilium, etc. Maximum net benefit for ornamental crops can be achieved when different forms of growing media have been used because the growing media take a direct or indirect function in the growth of plants.
... Ornamental floral species tend to have a higher global demand, depending on consumer preferences. [31]. Significantly highest shelf life was recorded from T3, i.e. river sand: compost: coir dust ratio 1:1:1 potting media plants and the lowest value was recorded in T2, i.e. river sand: Compost ratio 1:1 potting media plants were showed shorter shelf life than others of 4.65 days. ...
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... Cultivar Rosita was found suitable for cultivation under polyhouse condition for continuous supply of flowers from March to December or April to December in different years. Many workers have worked on various aspects of production and vase life of this crop FIRST REPORT (Bridgen and Bartok 1990, Kashihara et al. 2011, Bagheri et al. 2012, Hatamzadeh et al. 2012. ...
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Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the blanching time and sugar concentration of osmo-solution for the preparation of value added osmo-air dried arils from the litchi fruits affected with pericarp browning. Three-level factorial design consisting of two variables (blanching time and sugar strength of osmo solution) with 17 runs was prepared. This design was used to develop models for the yield, acidity and sensory scores of the osmo-air dried litchi arils. Responses were mostly affected by the specific combinations of independent variables. The behavior of the response surface was also investigated for the response function by performing a regression analysis. Moreover, graphical optimization was carried out to determine the optimum conditions for the dried arils in terms of quality attributes. The RSM optimized values concerning blanching time and strength of osmo solution were 25 second and 75% TSS, respectively. The developed osmo-air dried product had 21% yield and sensory scores on the nine point hedonic rating scale for different sensory parameters such as appearance, odor, taste and overall acceptability were 8.16, 9, 9, and 8.6, respectively.
... Potting soil mixes are the most important factors for the quality production of fl owers in fl oriculture. Ornamental fl oral species tend to have a higher global demand, depending on people's preferences (Kashihara et al., 2011). In the last few years, farmers and nursery workers have been very concerned about potting medium, as it plays an important role in plant production. ...
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This research project was conducted to evaluate the use of different waste materials as potting media for the dwarf variety Dahlia hortensis 'Figaro.' A total of 10 treatments were used where each treatment, consisting of 9 plants, was replicated 3 times. The results associated with plant growth parameters indicated that the maximum values for plant height, number of side shoots per plant, number of tubers per plant, flower diameter, and least days to flower emergence were observed in media containing coconut coir; the maximum corm weight per plant, however, was found in T-8, where rice hull was added to silt. The number of flowers per plant was increased in T-9, where silt, coconut coir, dust, sewage sludge, spent mushroom compost, and rice hull were used together in equal proportions. The media containing sewage sludge alone and in combination with silt showed minimum results for these parameters. Sewage sludge, with its higher pH, produced the least results for all plant growth parameters when 50% or more sewage sludge was added to the potting media.
... Potting soil mixes are the most important factors for the quality production of flowers in floriculture. Ornamental floral species tend to have a higher global demand, depending on people's preferences [8]. Correct combination of substrates for growing media to optimize plant growth is demanding and represents the cost production about 4-6% for bedding plants [9]. ...
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This research project was conducted to investigate the comparative effect of different potting media with different compositions on growth and flowering of Antirrhinum majus L. 'Floral Shower'. The data for both morphological and physiological parameters analyzed statistically showed significant effect of media combinations over control values. Each treatment was consisted of 10 plants and was replicated thrice. Agricultural and municipal wastes are good, cheap potting media components for the production of flowering plants. An economical and high-quality production of 'Floral shower' can be attained by using most suitable media. The results regarding growth and flowering parameters showed significant increase in Leaf Mould potting media. The media containing Farm Yard Manure alone and in combination with silt with its higher pH, showed least results for these parameters. On the other hand, plants grown in Farm Yard Manure comprising media provide minimum results for all the characteristics except for media nitrogen content which were statistically similar to control. Peat moss containing growing substrate also showed positive results for plants vegetative and reproductive growth. However, Farm Yard Manure was seen to prove less effective for better plant growth due to its less contribution for the availability of nutrients. Availability of Phosphorus contents in soil has positive relationship with growth and flowering indices. Maximum Phosphorus content was found when Farm Yard Manure and Leaf Mould were used alone in combination with silt + topsoil. Thus, it is suggested that Leaf Mould can be recommended as a standard potting media for Antirrhinum majus L. growth.
... Alstroemeria is generally cultivated as a cut flower crop, a garden flower, and a potted plant (Bridgen, 1991). This flower is one of the most important rhizomatous plants which has recently become a popular and important cut flower species due to the variety of colors available and good vase life of the cut flowers (Kashihara et al., 2011). Interspecific hybridization and mutation breeding have been used in Alstroemeria to improve important horticultural characteristics such as flower color, vase life (delay loss of chlorophyll in leaves) and disease resistance (Lin et al., 2000;Kim et al., 2006). ...
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Cut flower markets are developing in many countries as the international demand for cut flowers is rapidly growing. Developing new varieties with modified characteristics is an important aim in floriculture. Production of transgenic ornamental plants can shorten the time required in the conventional breeding of a cultivar. Biotechnology tools in combination with conventional breeding methods have been used by cut flower breeders to change flower colour, plant architecture, post-harvest traits and disease resistance. In this review we describe advances in genetic engineering that have led to the development of new cut flower varieties.
... Cultivar Rosita was found suitable for cultivation under polyhouse condition for continuous supply of flowers from March to December or April to December in different years. Many workers have worked on various aspects of production and vase life of this crop FIRST REPORT (Bridgen and Bartok 1990, Kashihara et al. 2011, Bagheri et al. 2012, Hatamzadeh et al. 2012. ...
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... Cultivar Rosita was found suitable for cultivation under polyhouse condition for continuous supply of flowers from March to December or April to December in different years. Many workers have worked on various aspects of production and vase life of this crop FIRST REPORT (Bridgen and Bartok 1990, Kashihara et al. 2011, Bagheri et al. 2012, Hatamzadeh et al. 2012. ...
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... Cultivar Rosita was found suitable for cultivation under polyhouse condition for continuous supply of flowers from March to December or April to December in different years. Many workers have worked on various aspects of production and vase life of this crop FIRST REPORT (Bridgen and Bartok 1990, Kashihara et al. 2011, Bagheri et al. 2012, Hatamzadeh et al. 2012. ...
... Cultivar Rosita was found suitable for cultivation under polyhouse condition for continuous supply of flowers from March to December or April to December in different years. Many workers have worked on various aspects of production and vase life of this crop FIRST REPORT (Bridgen and Bartok 1990, Kashihara et al. 2011, Bagheri et al. 2012, Hatamzadeh et al. 2012. ...
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Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the blanching time and sugar concentration of osmo-solution for the preparation of value added osmo-air dried arils from the litchi fruits affected with pericarp browning. Three-level factorial design consisting of two variables (blanching time and sugar strength of osmo solution) with 17 runs was prepared. This design was used to develop models for the yield, acidity and sensory scores of the osmo-air dried litchi arils. Responses were mostly affected by the specific combinations of independent variables. The behavior of the response surface was also investigated for the response function by performing a regression analysis. Moreover, graphical optimization was carried out to determine the optimum conditions for the dried arils in terms of quality attributes. The RSM optimized values concerning blanching time and strength of osmo solution were 25 second and 75% TSS, respectively. The developed osmo-air dried product had 21% yield and sensory scores on the nine point hedonic rating scale for different sensory parameters such as appearance; odor, taste and overall acceptability were 8.16, 9, 9, and 8.6, respectively.
... Soilless potting media have been used for greenhouse production of bedding plants, vegetable transplants and container-grown ornamentals (Aklibasinda et al., 2011). In the last few years, farmers and nursery workers have shown their interest on potting media, since they play an important role in plant production (Kashihara et al., 2011). Soilless mixtures should be formulated with special attention on optimal physical, chemical and biological properties that promote germination and healthy seedling growth. ...
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Diallel cross and ovule culture were carried out among 15 Alstroemeria species. Ovules harvested 14 days after pollination were cultured on 1/2MS medium containing 3% sucrose at 20°C under a16-hr photoperiod. Embryo germination occurred in 196 out of 210 combinations of the diallel. A. angustifolia, A. ligtu, A. magenta and A. pelegrina showed wide cross-compatibility with not only Chilean but Brazilian species as well. When A. aurea, A. diluta, A. garaventae and A. zoellneri each served as a female parent, the percentage embryo germination was low in some crosses, but some germination took place in all combinations. A. inodora, A. maginfica, A. psittacina and A. pulchra exhibited unilateral interspecific incompatibility in many combinations.
Article
The taxonomic relationships between Alstroemeria and Bomarea, two closely related genera in Alstroemeriaceae, are controversial. With the aim of clarifying their systematic position and generic circumscription, morphological and anatomical studies were carried out on 18 species of Alstroemeria and 11 species of Bomarea. Light microscopy (LM) and scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy were used to study the morphology of mature seeds and pollen. Observations on the most distinctive characters are discussed and compared with other data available for Alstroemeriaceae. Morphology of subterranean organs, pollen exine, adaptive dehiscence of capsules, seed dispersal, seed coat and karyotype characteristics (such as basic chromosome number and symmetry) support the view that these genera are related but should have independent generic status. Results indicate that Alstroemeriaceae comprises three genera:Alstroemeria (including Schickendantzia and Taltalia), Bomarea andLeontochir . Copyright 2001 Annals of Botany Company
Article
The subgenus Sphaerine of Bomarea (Alstroemeriaceae) recently contains 33 validly published names. Extended field studies in Peru and extensive investigation of herbarium material revealed the urgent necessity for a revision. As a result, the number of species is reduced to 12, among them two species are newly described. 9 species are members of an other subgenus. A key to determine the species is given in English and Spanish. The typical growth form and its variability, habitat preferences and distribution are discussed separately for each species.
Article
The identity of the three Bomarea -species (B. multiflora, B. ovata and B. salsilla) used by Mirbel (1804) to set up the genus, is clarified. All synonyms and the variability and distribution of the species are discussed. The types are illustrated and epitype is chosen for B. salsilla. The type of B. ovata is identified. (© 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)Identitt der drei frühest beschriebenen Bomarea -ArtenDie Identitt der drei am lngsten beschrieben Bomarea Arten (B. multiflora, B. ovata und B. salsilla), mit welchen Mirbel (1804) die Gattung aufgestellt hat, wird geklrt. Alle Synonyme, die Variabilitt und die Verbreitung der drei Arten und ihre Verwandtschaftsverhltnisse werden diskutiert. Die Typen werden identifiziert und abgebildet, für B. salsilla wird ein Epitypus ausgewhlt, für B. ovata der Typus bestimmt.
Article
Intergeneric hybrid plants between Colchicaceous ornamental plants, Sandersonia aurantiaca and Gloriosa rothschildiana, have successfully been produced via ovule culture. After 5 days of reciprocal cross-pollination, a few pollen tubes were observed in the ovary. Although seeds were obtained in both reciprocal cross-combinations, they did not germinate under ex vitro conditions. Ovules with placental tissues isolated 14 days after cross-pollination of S. aurantiaca G. rothschildiana were cultured on a medium containing 0.01 mg l–1 each of -naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and 6-benzyladenine (BA), on which 41.5% of ovules swollen and produced callus-like structures within 10 weeks. When such swollen ovules were transferred to a medium containing 0.1 mg l–1 each of NAA and BA, 7.5% of the initially cultured ovules produced rhizome-like structures within 6 weeks. Among the rhizome-like structures, those derived from two independent ovules (3.7% of the initially cultured ovules) produced multiple shoots following transfer to a medium containing 0.25 mg l–1 NAA and 2.5 mg l–1 BA. Multiple shoot-derived plantlets were established on a plant growth regulator-free medium, and they were successfully transplanted to pots. Early verification of their hybridity was accomplished by flow cytometry (FCM) analysis, chromosome observation and rDNA analysis.
Article
Actively growing young rhizomes of various Alstroemeria cultivars, most sterile hybrids, were treated with X-rays. The optimum dose was about 400 rad for diploid cultivars and 500–600 rad for triploid ones. Although the buds on the rhizomes most certainly have multicellular apices, no X-ray mutant showed any sign of chimerism. Hence only solid(-looking) mutants were obtained. This phenomenon, an unforeseen but advantageous circumstance, could not be explained. Among the rather large number of mutants, several proved to be improvements and have been released to the trade such as cvs. Canaria Stagula, Yellow Tiger Stavero, White Wings Staretto, Harmony Stabroza and Rosita Stareza.
Article
One to three accessions of 22 Alstroemeria species, an interspecific hybrid (A. aurea x A. inodora), and single accessions of Bomarea salsilla and Leontochir ovallei were evaluated using the AFLP-marker technique to estimate the genetic diversity within the genus Alstroemeria. Three primer combinations generated 716 markers and discriminated all Alstroemeria species. The dendrogram inferred from the AFLP fingerprints supported the conjecture of the generic separation of the Chilean and Brazilian Alstroemeria species. The principal co-ordinate plot showed the separate allocation of the A. ligtu group and the allocation of A. aurea, which has a wide range of geographical distribution and genetic variation, in the middle of other Alstroemeria species. The genetic distances, based on AFLP markers, determined the genomic contribution of the parents to the interspecific hybrid.
Breeding spotless Alstroemeria in Japan
  • I Miyake
Miyake I (1989). Breeding spotless Alstroemeria in Japan. Herbertia 45: 40-44.
Cross-compatibility in interspecifi c hybridization of fi ft een Alstroemeria species. (In Japanese with English abstract)
  • K Shinoda
  • N Murata
Shinoda K & Murata N (2003). Cross-compatibility in interspecifi c hybridization of fi ft een Alstroemeria species. (In Japanese with English abstract). J Japan Soc Hort Sci 72: 557-561.