Single nucleotide polymorphismin RECQL and survival in resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma

Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Human Genome Sequencing Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
HPB (Impact Factor: 2.68). 08/2009; 11(5):435-44. DOI: 10.1111/j.1477-2574.2009.00089.x
Source: PubMed


RECQL is a DNA helicase involved in DNA mismatch repair. The RECQL polymorphism, 3' untranslated region (UTR) A159C, was previously associated with overall survival of patients with resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation. In the present study, we examined RECQL for somatic mutations and other polymorphisms and compared these findings with the outcome in patients who received adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemoradiation. We hypothesized that RECQL (i) would be mutated in cancer, (ii) would have polymorphisms linked to the 3'UTR A159C and that either or both events would affect function. We also hypothesized that (iii) these changes would be associated with survival in both cohorts of patients.
We sequenced RECQL's 15 exons and surrounding sequences in paired blood and tumour DNA of 39 patients. The 3'UTR A159C genotype was determined in blood DNA samples from 176 patients with resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma treated with adjuvant (53) or neoadjuvant (123) chemoradiation. Survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, with log rank comparisons between groups. The relative impact of genotype on time to overall survival was performed using the Cox proportional hazards model.
Somatic mutations were found in UTRs and intronic regions but not in exonic coding regions of the RECQL gene. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), located in introns 2 and 11, were found to be part of the same haplotype block as the RECQL A159C SNP and showed a similar association with overall survival. No short-term difference in survival between treatment strategies was found. We identified a subgroup of patients responsive to neoadjuvant therapy in which the 159 A allele conferred strikingly improved long-term survival.
The RECQL 3'UTR A159C SNP is not linked with other functional SNPs within RECQL but may function as a site for regulatory molecules. The mechanism of action needs to be clarified further.

Download full-text


Available from: Sally Hodges
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is a devastating disease that killed nearly 38,000 people in the United States this past year. Treatment of PDA typically includes surgery and/or chemotherapy with gemcitabine. No reliable biomarker exists for prognosis or response to chemotherapy. Two previously proposed prognostic markers, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), are regulated by Hu protein antigen R (HuR), an mRNA binding protein that we have previously demonstrated to be a promising predictive marker of gemcitabine response. This study was designed to evaluate the clinical utility of HuR, COX-2, and VEGF as potential prognostic and predictive biomarkers for PDA. A tissue microarray of 53 PDA specimens from patients who underwent potentially curative pancreatic resection was analyzed. HuR, COX-2, and VEGF status were correlated with clinicopathologic and survival data. We also performed ribonucleoprotein immunoprecipitation assays using an HuR antibody to assess VEGF and COX-2 mRNA binding to HuR in pancreatic cancer cells. Roughly 50% (27/53) of patients had high cytoplasmic HuR expression. These patients had worse pathologic features as assessed by T staging (P = 0.005). Only cytoplasmic HuR status correlated with tumor T staging, whereas VEGF (P = 1.0) and COX-2 (P = 0.39) expression did not correlate with T staging. Additionally, HuR status was an unprecedented positive predictive marker for overall survival in patients treated with gemcitabine, pushing median survival over 45 months in the high cytoplasmic HuR expressing patient population compared with less than 23 months in the low cytoplasmic HuR expressing patient group (P = 0.033 for log-rank test and P = 0.04 in a Cox regression model) for the low versus high cytoplasmic HuR expressing group. We also validated that mRNA transcripts for both VEGF and the gemcitabine metabolizing enzyme, deoxycytidine kinase, are specifically bound by HuR in pancreatic cancer cells. HuR is a useful prognostic biomarker for PDA patients as indicated by its association with higher tumor T stage. Additionally, HuR status is a robust predictor of outcome for patients with resected PDA in the setting of adjuvant gemcitabine therapy. Finally, HuR binds to VEGF mRNA implying that HuR, in part, regulates VEGF expression in PDA. This study supports the notion that HuR status should be used by clinicians for the individualized treatment of PDA in the future.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Annals of surgery
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: T lymphocytes from SLE patients have a global decrease in the 5-methylcytosine content. Previous studies have identified hypomethylation in the promoter of several genes but there is limited study in the interspersed repetitive sequences (IRSs). We examined and compared the methylation levels of long interspersed nuclear element 1s (LINE-1) and Alu elements in normal and SLE CD4+ T lymphocytes, CD8+ T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes by the combined bisulfite restriction analysis-interspersed repetitive sequences (COBRA-IRS). Hypomethylation of LINE-1 but not Alu was found in CD4+ T lymphocytes, CD8+ T lymphocytes, and B lymphocytes of SLE patient (P=0.005, 0.002, and 0.007, respectively). Moreover, when the SLE patients were divided into active and inactive groups, LINE-1 hypomethylation was more significantly distinguished in both CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes of patients from the active SLE group when compared to the controls. Surprisingly, Alu hypomethylation was also observed in CD8+ T lymphocytes from the inactive SLE group when compared to the normal controls (P=0.0056). The hypomethylation in each lymphocyte subset of SLE was IRSs specific, mainly found in LINE-1 rather than Alu.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2011 · Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Advances in Surgery
Show more