Newer Antiphospholipid Antibodies Predict Adverse Outcomes in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) have been implicated in atherogenesis. We studied 344 patients with acute coronary syndromes; approximately 40% were aPL+ in 1 or more tests and 60% aPL-. In 215 patients, coronary artery disease (CAD) was angiographically documented, with 43.7% positive for aPL vs 34.9% of patients without CAD positive for aPLs. Anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein I (beta2GPI; 54%) and anti-oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)/beta2GPI (48%) were most frequent, accounting for 87% of all aPL+ CAD cases. aPLs correlated with severity of CAD (P = .012). Adverse events occurred in 16.7% of patients with CAD, more frequently in patients who were aPL+ (P = .0006; relative risk, 2.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.5-5.6). Patients who were aPL+ with severe CAD had more adverse events than patients who were aPL- with severe CAD (P = .005) and aPL+ patients undergoing revascularization procedures (P = .001). Vascular events occurred in 21.7% of aPL+ patients compared with 7.1% of aPL- patients (P = .005). Anti-beta2GPI and anti-oxLDL/beta2GPI were associated with CAD severity and adverse outcomes.
Available from: Ana Maria Viegas-Crespo
- "Eventually, ox-LDL formed in the arterial wall is released in the circulation , being their circulating levels strongly associated with angiographically documented coronary artery disease . The proximity of ox-LDL and inflammatory cells, such as lymphocyte populations, in the atherosclerotic plaque may accelerate macrophage activity and therefore promote athero‐ genesis . The T-cells expressing CD4 surface marker recognize antigens presented by den‐ dritic cells and macrophages. "
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ABSTRACT: Since beta(2)-glycoprotein I (beta(2)GPI) was described as the major antigenic target for antiphospholipid antibodies, many studies have focused their attention to the physiological role of beta(2)GPI and anti-beta(2)GPI antibodies on autoimmune-mediated thrombosis. Studies reporting the physiological role of beta(2)GPI have been numerous, but the exact mechanism of action(s) has yet to be completely determined. beta(2)GPI's epitopes for anti-beta(2)GPI autoantibodies have been characterized, however, not all of the heterogeneous anti-beta(2)GPI antibodies are pathogenic. The pathophysiologic role of beta(2)GPI has been reported in the fields of coagulation, fibrinolysis, angiogenesis, and atherosclerosis. Our understanding of the impact of beta(2)GPI, its metabolites and autoantibodies to beta(2)GPI on these physiological functions may contribute to the development of better therapeutic strategies to treat and prevent autoimmune-mediated atherothrombotic vascular disease.
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ABSTRACT: This year in Galveston, Texas, Silvia Pierangeli hosts the 13th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies. Twenty-six years after the first antiphospholipid syndrome meeting, the number of interested colleagues has multiplied, and the subject has become more scientifically understood. So also has the clinical picture. In this short contribution, I will highlight a number of clinical observations which may, or may not, contribute to our understanding of antiphospholipid syndrome. Lupus (2010) 19, 343-346.
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