A Review on Mouth Dissolving Films

National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)-Ahmedabad. C/o. B.V. Patel Pharmaceutical Education and Research Development Centre, S.G. Highway, Thaltej, Ahmedabad-380054, India.
Current Drug Delivery (Impact Factor: 1.48). 09/2009; 6(5):469-76. DOI: 10.2174/156720109789941713
Source: PubMed


The ultimate goal of any drug delivery system is the successful delivery of the drug to the body; however, patient compliance must not be overlooked. Fast dissolving drug delivery systems, such as, Mouth Dissolving Films (MDF), offer a convenient way of dosing medications, not only to special population groups with swallowing difficulties such as children and the elderly, but also to the general population. MDF are the novel dosage forms that disintegrate and dissolve within the oral cavity. Intra-oral absorption permits rapid onset of action and helps by-pass first-pass effects, thereby reducing the unit dose required to produce desired therapeutic effect. The present review provides an overview of various polymers that can be employed in the manufacture of MDF and highlights the effect of polymers and plasticizers on various physico-mechanical properties of MDF. It further gives a brief account of formulation of MDF and problems faced during its manufacture.

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    • "Disintegration time is taken as the time when a film starts breaking when brought in contact with water or saliva. United State Pharmacopoeia (USP) disintegration apparatus was used to study the disintegration time (Dahiya et al., 2009). The test was done in triplicate. "
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Meloxicam (Mel) is a non-steroidal potent anti-inflammatory drug with effective analgesic effect for various situations; e.g. postoperative pain. The early systemic exposure to Mel and hence the rapid onset of pharmacological action is limited by its poor water solubility; a situation which may be more pronounced during acute pain episode because of reduced gastric motility that affects disintegration and dissolution of solid dosage forms. To overcome delayed absorption of Mel, improvement in the dissolution behavior of Mel is essential. Firstly, Mel spherical crystalline agglomerates (SCA) were prepared. Secondly, selected Mel SCA were integrated into intraoral fast disintegrating (OF) and edible (EF) films, they possess larger surface area that leads to rapid disintegration and release of the drug into the oral cavity within seconds and hence a rapid onset of action could be achieved. Stability study of formulations resulting in faster and higher extent of dissolution and suitable mechanical properties (G3 and G12) revealed their physical and chemical stability after three months of storage under different conditions. Both G3 and G12 successfully offered rapid absorption rate and accordingly an earlier systemic exposure to Mel compared to Mobic tablets as revealed by significantly earlier T max and higher AUC0-0.5h and AUC0-4h. T max following G3 fast disintegrating film administration was comparable to that reported following Mel parenteral administration but avoiding patient inconvenience. Both films may be suitable alternative to conventional oral and intramuscular Mel especially when earlier onset of action is required (in acute conditions).
    Preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Drug Delivery
    • "For a fast dissolving film, the time of disintegration should be in range of 5-30 s. United State Pharmacopoeia (USP) disintegration apparatus can be used to study disintegration time.[27] In another method, the disintegration time can be visually determined by dipping the film in 25 ml water in a beaker. "
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, fast dissolving films are gaining interest as an alternative of fast dissolving tablets. The films are designed to dissolve upon contact with a wet surface, such as the tongue, within a few seconds, meaning the consumer can take the product without need for additional liquid. This convenience provides both a marketing advantage and increased patient compliance. As the drug is directly absorbed into systemic circulation, degradation in gastrointestinal tract and first pass effect can be avoided. These points make this formulation most popular and acceptable among pediatric and geriatric patients and patients with fear of choking. Over-the-counter films for pain management and motion sickness are commercialized in the US markets. Many companies are utilizing transdermal drug delivery technology to develop thin film formats. In the present review, recent advancements regarding fast dissolving buccal film formulation and their evaluation parameters are compiled.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Orodispersible films for oral delivery are gaining popularity. Whereas breath-fresheners and over-the-counter products have already become quite common in the US, the first prescription drug films were introduced into the EU and US markets only very recently. Already considered as a unique Rx (prescription drug) dosage form by the FDA (oral soluble film), such products are not substitutable by conventional oral dosage forms. The official term defined by the European Medicines Agency is orodispersible film (ODF). AREAS COVERED: This review gives an overview on the benefits of ODFs, typical excipients and products already available on the market. ODFs are defined and differentiated from other films and dosage forms. Possible manufacturing methods are described. As ODFs are not yet listed in one of the pharmacopoeias, possible methods for characterization and quality control are discussed. Required characteristics, advantages and disadvantages are elaborated. Biopharmaceutical considerations are provided because such films can also be used to enhance bioavailability of a drug. EXPERT OPINION: The magnitude of variants of ODF technology and the advantages over conventional dosage forms promise more applications and more marketed products with ODFs in the near future. Therefore, the authorities have to publish a monograph for ODFs as soon as possible to standardize characterization methods and quality specifications.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2011 · Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
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