Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative descriptive phenomenological study is to explore the experience of miscarriage from the perspective of a Latina mothers in the United States.
Background: Spontaneous abortion, or miscarriage, refers to unintended pregnancy loss at fewer than 20 weeks’ gestation. Cramer and Wise (2000) suggest that 12% to 31% of all conceptions end spontaneously in miscarriage. However, Speroff, Glass, and Kaswe (1999) argue that the true early pregnancy loss rate might be closer to 50% because of the high number of unrecognized miscarriages that occur as early as two to four weeks after conception. From April 1, 2000, through July 1, 2008, approximately seventeen percent of women of reproductive years (ages 14-44) were Hispanic residents. Additionally, according to the US Census Bureau, there are approximately 8.7 million illegal immigrants (of Hispanic/Latino origin), suggesting that each year a sizable population of Latina women experience miscarriage in the U.S. Yet, little is known about miscarriage experience from the Latina women’s perspective.
Method: The proposed qualitative research study will use descriptive phenomenology through the process of one to two in-person and phone interviews until data saturation is attained. This study will aim to have ten participants from the greater Seattle area and gather information until no new conceptual information is generated from the interviews.
Findings: Data collection in process
Implications: Due to the lack of research on Latina miscarriages, it is nearly impossible for a health care provider to understand this population’s miscarriage experience. Providers additionally may not know the best coping mechanisms for this population of women or be able to provide culturally sensitive care during and after pregnancy loss. Hence, research studies of miscarriage from Latina women’s perspective are desperately needed to better understand their unique post-miscarriage care needs.