Delaying DLA-Haploidentical Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation after Total Body Irradiation

Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109-1024, USA.
Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.4). 10/2009; 15(10):1244-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2009.06.004
Source: PubMed


Exposure to accidental or deliberate radiation poses a threat to public health, proving lethal at higher doses in large part because of deleterious effects on marrow. In those cases, allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) might be required to restore marrow function. Most radiation accident victims will have HLA-haploidentical relatives who could serve as HCT donors. Here, we assessed in a canine HCT model the total body irradiation (TBI) doses after which transplants might be required and successful engraftment would be possible. In an attempt at mimicking the logistical problems likely to exist after radiation accidents, 4-, 8- or 10-day intervals were placed between TBI and HCT. To keep the experimental readout simple, no graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prevention was administered. All dogs transplanted after a 4-day delay following 700 or 920 cGy TBI successfully engrafted, whereas virtually all those given 450 or 600 cGy rejected their grafts. Transplant delays of 8 and 10 days following 920 cGy TBI also resulted in successful engraftment in most dogs, whereas a delay of 8 days after 700 cGy resulted in virtually uniform graft failure. The time courses of acute GVHD (aGVHD) and rates of granulocyte recovery in engrafting dogs were comparable among dogs regardless of the lengths of delay. In other studies, we showed that most dogs not given HCT survived 700 cGy TBI with intensive supportive care, whereas those given 800 cGy TBI and higher died with marrow aplasia. Thus, DLA-haploidentical HCT was successful even when carried out 4, 8, or 10 days after TBI at or above radiation exposures where dogs survived with intensive care alone.

Download full-text


Available from: Scott S Graves, Jun 20, 2014
  • Source
    • "In this scenario, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been used for several years in the hematopoietic system recovery after radiation exposure (Bishop 1997; Hirama et al. 2003; Ding et al. 2009). The transplantation induces stem cell repopulation, reducing the immunosuppression window associated with radiation exposure or radiotherapy (Hirama et al. 2003; Ding et al. 2009). Then, in line with the investigation of novel therapies for IBD, our group has previously demonstrated that high dose cyclophosphamide associated with HSCT is effective in the modulation of mucosal immunity and in accelerating immune reconstitution in an experimental model of intestinal inflammation (Godoi et al. 2010). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The main current therapies for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are aimed at controlling the exacerbated inflammation in the gut. Although these therapies have been successful, they are not curative and it is not possible to predict whether a beneficial response will occur or which patients will be refractory to the treatment. Total body irradiation (TBI) associated with chemotherapy is the first choice in the treatment of some hematological disorders and is an applicable option in the preparation of patients with hematologic diseases for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Then, in this study we investigated the association of TBI as immunosuppressive therapy and bone marrow cell (BMC) transplantation as a strategy to induce colitis recovery and immune reconstitution in the TNBS model of intestinal inflammation. TNBS mice treated with TBI associated with BMC transplantation presented elevated gain of weight and an overall better outcome of the disease when compared to those treated only with TBI. In addition, TBI associated or not with BMC reduced the frequency of inflammatory cells in the gut and restored the goblet cell counts. These results were accompanied by a down regulation in the production of inflammatory cytokines in the colon of mice treated with TBI alone or in association with BMC transplantation. The BMC infused were able to repopulate the ablated immune system and accumulate in the site of inflammation. However, although both treatments (TBI or TBI+BMC) were able to reduce gut inflammation, TBI alone was not enough to fully restore mice weight and these animals presented an extremely reduced survival rate when their immune system was not promptly reconstituted with BMC transplantation. Finally, these evidences suggest that the BMC transplantation is an efficient strategy to reduce the harmful effects of TBI in the colitis treatment, suggesting that radiotherapy may be an important immunosuppressive therapy in patients with IBD, by modulating the local inflammatory response.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Immunobiology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cord blood transplantation (CBT) with units containing total nucleated cell (TNC) dose >2.5 x 10(7)/kg is associated with improved engraftment and decreased transplant-related mortality. For many adults no single cord blood units are available that meet the cell dose requirements. We developed a dog model of CBT to evaluate approaches to overcome the problem of low cell dose cord blood units. This study primarily compared double- versus single-unit CBT. Unrelated dogs were bred and cord blood units were harvested. We identified unrelated recipients that were dog leukocyte antigen (DLA)-88 (class I) and DLA-DRB1 (class II) allele-matched with cryopreserved units. Each unit contained <or=1.7 x 10(7) TNC/kg. Recipients were given 9.2 Gy total-body irradiation (TBI) and DLA-matched unrelated cord blood with postgrafting cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil. After double-unit CBT, 5 dogs engrafted and 4 survived long term with 1 dominant engrafting unit and prompt immune reconstitution. In contrast, 0 of 5 dogs given single-unit CBT survived beyond 105 days (P = .03, log-rank test); neutrophil and platelet recovery was delayed (both P = .005) and recipients developed fatal infections. This new large animal model showed that outcomes were improved after double-unit compared to single-unit CBT. After double-unit CBT, the nonengrafted unit facilitates engraftment of the dominant unit.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2010 · Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bone Marrow Transplantation is a high quality, peer-reviewed journal covering all aspects of clinical and basic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation.
    Full-text · Article · May 2010 · Bone marrow transplantation
Show more