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... Fair Trade in Tourism South Africa (FTTSA) was more complex, sourcing the majority of its grant funding from a development agency (70%) but also considerable in-kind contributions from the private sector (24%) and an NGO (6%) (see Table 1). Spenceley, 2006 Some of the constraints to obtaining start-up funding are common to many of the programs (especially the smaller and newer ones) described above. They are: ...
... Those programs with the highest fees obtain more of their operational funding from certification. Source: Spenceley, 2006 The three smaller Africa programs (EcoAward, EcoRating Scheme and FTTSA) have operating budgets which are 80% from grants or in-kind services. The remaining 10-20% comes from certification fees. ...
... Spenceley, Anna, 2006. "Financing Tourism Certification in Africa." ...
Technical Report
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The objective of this study is to propose strategies and mechanisms to help sustainable tourism certification programs achieve long-term financial viability. The study looked at financial models and mechanisms used by certification program from other industries (such as organic produce and forestry) and from various tourism certification programs from around the world. We examined seven non-tourism certification programs and one non-tourism accreditation program to determine which experiences were applicable to tourism. In addition, 33 tourism certification programs working in the United States, Latin America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Africa were evaluated to examine their financial structures and strategies, as well as listen to their recommendations. Representatives of 12 funding bodies and two non-governmental organizations (NGOs) supporting sustainable tourism or green certification in the United States, Latin America, and Africa were also interviewed to determine their funding priorities and interests; find out what types of relevant projects and programs they have supported; and elicit recommendations for how to help sustainable tourism certification and accreditation bodies become more financially sustainable.
…… 4. Please describe the sources and types of funding that were used in the START-UP PHASE of your certification program, by completing the table below. Source of funding Type of START-UP funding
  • Certification Is
  • For Program
  • Non-Profit ?: ………………………... Profit
  • ……
Is your Certification Program FOR PROFIT or NON-PROFIT?: ………………………....……..…… 4. Please describe the sources and types of funding that were used in the START-UP PHASE of your certification program, by completing the table below. Source of funding Type of START-UP funding (e.g. GRANT, DONATION, SUBSIDY, IN KIND CONTRIBUTION, LOAN)