Objectives With the advent of technology, cyberbullying is becoming more prevalent with the use of the electronic devices such as computers and mobile phones. This study will assess the impact of cyberbullying and its different subtypes (phone call, text message, social network and e-mail bullying) among different year levels in a selected secondary school in the Philippines, 2011.
The purpose of the study was explained to all 426 students with the approval of the school ERB. 20-number questionnaires were given and 395 signed the consent and completed answering the questionnaires. Demographic profile of each participant (age, sex, high school level) are included in the questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered per year level by the researcher during the homeroom period and took 15 minutes to be answered by the subjects. Exclusion criteria included those who were not able to complete answering the questionnaires and were absent during the time of administration of the questionnaire. 31 subjects were excluded only because they did not answer completely the questionnaires. Descriptive analysis of the prevalence of bullying in general and cyberbullying specifically and frequency of subjects as victims according to the subtypes of cyberbullying were done. Analysis of impact of various subtypes of cyberbullying using 2-way ANOVA at p=0.5 and 95% level of confidence was done by assigning values to the severity respondents believed each subtype of cyberbullying has on the victim compared to traditional bullying (less harmful = -1; the same = 0; more harmful = +1). The more positive score means that the impact of this form of cyberbullying is seen as high, a negative score as low.
Out of the 395 respondents, 334 experienced cyber bullying alone of which majority are females (64.07%). For all types of cyberbullying, first year level has the most number of victims and fourth year having the least. Overall, social networking has the most number of victims while phone call has the least. Phone calls are considered least harmful by 4th year and is more harmful for 1st year. All year levels consider social networking to be the most harmful for all subtypes of cyberbullying. Text message and email bullying are considered more harmful by 1st year and least harmful by 3rd year. Analyzing the impact of each subtype of cyberbullying per year level, social network and email bullying were statistically significant. Phone call and text message bullying were not statistically significant.
Conclusions Cyberbullying is prevalent with increased use of technology by teenagers. Social network and email bullying are considered more harmful while phone call bullying is the least harmful for all year levels. The nature and extent of cyberbullying should be further looked into by school authorities and parents as well.