IiSDD1, a gene responsive to autopolyploidy and environmental factors in Isatis indigotica

Department of Pharmacy, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, 200003 Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
Molecular Biology Reports (Impact Factor: 2.02). 09/2009; 37(2):987-94. DOI: 10.1007/s11033-009-9776-z
Source: PubMed


In plants, stomata play a pivotal role in the regulation of gas exchange and are distributed throughout the aerial epidermis. SDD1, a gene isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana has been demonstrated to specialize in stomatal density and distribution. In our present study, a comprehensive survey of global gene expression performed by using an A. thaliana whole genome Affymetrix gene chip revealed SDD1 tends to be significantly lower in tetraploid Isatis indigotica than in diploid ones. To intensively investigate different SDD1 expression in response to polyploidy, a full-length cDNA clone (IiSDD1) encoding SDD1 was isolated from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb I. indigotica cDNA library. IiSDD1 shared a high level of identity with that from A. thaliana, containing some basic features of subtilases: D, H and S regions, as well as a substrate-binding site. Real-time quantitative PCR analysis indicated that IiSDD1 was constitutively expressed in all tested tissues, including roots, stems and leaves, both in tetraploid and diploid I. indigotica, and with the highest expression in leaves. In addition, IiSDD1 was also found to be down-regulated by signalling molecules for plant defence responses, such as abscisic acid (100 microM) and gibberellin (100 mg/L), as well as by environmental stresses including salt, darkness, coldness and drought. Our study, for the first time, indicates SDD1 participates not only in the defense/stress responsive pathways, but also probably involves in plants polyploidy evolution.

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