The effects of reminiscence therapy on psychological well-being, depression, and loneliness among the institutionalized aged

Department of Nursing, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 2.87). 04/2010; 25(4):380-8. DOI: 10.1002/gps.2350
Source: PubMed


To examine the effects of reminiscence therapy on psychological well-being, depression, and loneliness among institutionalized elderly people.
In an experimental study design, 92 institutionalized elderly people aged 65 years and over were recruited and randomly assigned to two groups. Those participants in the experimental group received reminiscence therapy eight times during 2 months to examine the effects of this therapy on their psychological well-being.
After providing the reminiscence therapy to the elderly in the experimental group, a significant positive short-term effect (3 months follow-up) on depression, psychological well-being, and loneliness, as compared to those in the comparison group was found.
Reminiscence therapy in this study sample improved socialization, induced feelings of accomplishment in participants, and assisted to ameliorate depression.

    • "toms ( Isaac et al . , 2009 ) . However , stu - dies analyzing the effect of interventions on loneliness and de - pression found an effect for loneliness but not for depression among relocating elderly patients in Japan ( Saito et al . , 2012 ) or found only a short - term benefit for both factors among in - stitutionalized elderly men in Taiwan ( Chiang et al . , 2010 ) . Fur - thermore , the sample sizes in these studies were small and the attrition rates were high ( up to 30% in the latter study ) . Future research should focus on whether interventions aimed at im - proving quality of social contact and activities can improve feel - ings of loneliness , and whether this can in turn affect the sever"
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    ABSTRACT: Although depression and loneliness are common among older adults, the role of loneliness on the prognosis of late-life depression has not yet been determined. Therefore, we examined the association between loneliness and the course of depression. We conducted a 2-year follow-up study of a cohort from the Netherlands Study of Depression in Older Persons (NESDO). This included Dutch adults aged 60-90 years with a diagnosis of major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. We performed regression analyses to determine associations between loneliness at baseline and both severity and remission of depression at follow-up. We controlled for potential confounders and performed multiple imputations to account for missing data. Of the 285 respondents, 48% were still depressed after 2 years. Loneliness was independently associated with more severe depressive symptoms at follow-up (beta 0.61; 95% CI 0.12-1.11). Very severe loneliness was negatively associated with remission after 2 years compared with no loneliness (OR 0.25; 95% CI 0.08-0.80). Despite using multiple imputation, the large proportion of missing values probably reduces the study's precision. Generalizability to the general population may be limited by the overrepresentation of ambulatory patients with possibly more persistent forms of depression. In this cohort, the prognosis of late-life depression was adversely affected by loneliness. Health care providers should seek to evaluate the degree of loneliness to obtain a more reliable assessment of the prognosis of late-life depression. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Journal of Affective Disorders
    • "The current study demonstrates that, at least for non-clinical participants, such benefits may be achieved after even a brief reminiscencebased task. Furthermore, while most research in the past has shown reminiscence-based interventions to be effective for older adults (Bohlmeijer et al., 2007; Chiang et al., 2010; Karimi et al., 2010), these results provide evidence that reminiscence interventions benefit younger adults, as alluded by Hallford and Mellor (2013b). "
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    ABSTRACT: Whereas reminiscence-based interventions that focus on reducing depression and pessimism have been shown to be effective, most studies have employed longer term treatments. There has also been a tendency for reminiscence-based studies to focus on the benefits of reminiscence for older adults, with few studies involving younger adults. This study examined the efficacy of a one-session reminiscence-based intervention for reducing depressed affect and pessimism in younger adults. A total of 26 non-clinical participants were administered a one-to-one guided interview in which they were encouraged to recall past problem-solving successes, and the lessons learnt from these successes. Measures of affect, pessimism, and mastery were administered pre- and post-interview. Levels of depressed affect, mastery, and pessimism significantly improved following the interview, compared with baseline levels. Changes in mastery were associated with changes in pessimism, but not with changes in depressed affect. This study suggests that a one-session reminiscence-based intervention may significantly contribute to the improvements in depressed affect, pessimism, and mastery in a younger cohort. It also suggests that the improvement in pessimism may be accounted for by improvement in self-mastery.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Clinical Psychologist
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    • "symptoms in the intervention group (WMD, e4.39; 95% CI, e6.46 to À2.32; p < 0.0001). Two trials [17] [20] compared depressive symptoms 6 months after the intervention and found that the effects of reminiscence therapy on geriatric depression were no longer evident at this time point (WMD, e4.86; 95% CI, e11.26 to À1.54; p ¼ 0.14) (Fig. 2). "
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    ABSTRACT: The present meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of group reminiscence on depression in elderly patients.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014
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