The side effects of methoxyfenozide, indoxacarb, pyridaben, acetamiprid, azadirachtin A, spinosad, and propargite on Aphidius colemani, Aphidoletes aphidimyza, and Neoseiulus cucumeris were tested under laboratory conditions. Methoxyfenozide had low toxic effect on all three species, causing mortality after
24h in 4.4, 11.4, and 29.3% of N. cucumeris, A. colemani, and A. aphidimyza, respectively. ... [Show full abstract] Similarly, indoxacarb caused mortality after 24h in 11.9, 20.0, and 24.9% of A. aphidimyza, N. cucumeris, and A. colemani, respectively. In general, N. cucumeris exhibited the lowest sensitivity to all the insecticides. In contrast, A. colemani was highly sensitive to most of the tested insecticides. Methoxyfenozide was shown to significantly reduce fecundity of A. aphidimyza. In contrast, there was no effect of pure azadirachtin A on A. colemani fecundity. Results showed that both methoxyfenozide and indoxacarb would be suitable for use in the integrated pest management
(IPM) because of their low toxic effect against all of the tested model species of natural enemies.
–Insecticides–Side effect–Natural enemies