Cryptosporidium muris in a Reticulated Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata)

Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branisovská 31, 370 05 Ceské Budejovice, Czech Republic.
Journal of Parasitology (Impact Factor: 1.23). 09/2009; 96(1):211-2. DOI: 10.1645/GE-2212.1
Source: PubMed


Cryptosporidium spp. infection in captive exotic mammals was investigated using staining and molecular biological methods. A total of 323 fecal samples from 100 mammalian species (62 Artiodactyla, 33 Rodentia, 3 Perissodactyla, and 2 Paenungultata) in 4 zoological gardens in the Czech Republic was examined. Only in a reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata) sample was Cryptosporidium sp. infection detected. The partial small subunit rRNA sequence obtained from the isolate was identical to sequences of Cryptosporidium muris in rock hyrax (Procavia capensis) and Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus). Neonatal BALB/c mice inoculated with 1 x 10(3) fresh oocysts of the C. muris giraffe isolate did not produce a detectable infection.

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Available from: Martin Kváč, Sep 29, 2014
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    • "However, a C. muris-like organism was detected by immunofluorescence assay in black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus co- lumbianus[Richardson]) byDeng and Cliver (1999). Although C. muris is typically a parasite of mice and rats, it has been reported from many hoofed animals, including the Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus Linnaeus), Cuvier's gazelle (Gazella cuvieri[Ogilby]), domestic sheep (Ovis orientalis aries Linnaeus), domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus Linnaeus), mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus[de Blainville]) and reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata de Winton) (Pospischil et al. 1987, Fayer et al. 1991, Rhee et al. 1998, Valigurová et al. 2007, Kodádková et al. 2010). However, the susceptibility of deer to C. muris is unclear. "

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