Ability of B-Type Natriuretic Peptide in Predicting Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Education and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey. The Heart Surgery Forum
(Impact Factor: 0.39).
09/2009; 12(4):E211-6. DOI: 10.1532/HSF98.20091014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is still the most frequent rhythm disturbance after coronary artery surgery. Our aim was to evaluate the predictive value of preoperative brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels for determining postoperative new-onset AF in patients undergoing isolated first-time coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).
We recruited 144 consecutive patients (51 women and 93 men) who underwent isolated CABG. Preoperative and postoperative data were collected. Preoperative BNP levels were measured the day before surgery.
The median preoperative BNP level was 68 pg/mL. Postoperative AF occurred in 36 (25%) of the patients. Univariate analyses showed that both advanced age and median preoperative BNP levels were associated with postoperative AF (63.9 +/- 8 years versus 57.3 +/- 9.8 years, P < .001; 226 pg/mL versus 65.2 pg/mL, P <.001). Both variables remained independent predictors of postoperative AF after multivariate logistic regression analyses. For advanced age, the odds ratio was 1.074 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.019-1.131; P = .008); for preoperative BNP level, the odds ratio was 1.004 (95% CI, 1.001-1.006; P = .002). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve demonstrated that preoperative BNP level was a predictor of postoperative AF, with an area under the ROC curve of 0.750. A cutoff value of 135 pg/mL for AF demonstrated a 72.2% sensitivity, a 71.2% specificity, a 45.6% positive predictive value, a 88.5% negative predictive value, and a 71.5% accuracy for predicting postoperative AF.
Elevated preoperative BNP levels and advanced age together are significant predictors for the development of postoperative AF in patients undergoing isolated CABG with CPB.
Available from: oxfordjournals.org
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ABSTRACT: A best evidence topic (BET) was constructed according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'Is brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) a marker for adverse postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery?' Nearly 200 papers were found using the reported search, of which 17 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. BNP levels have been shown by several prospective observational cohort studies to be a marker for cardiac dysfunction and adverse outcome in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. BNP levels can be used to guide the therapy of patients with heart failure which may reduce adverse cardiac events. Whether BNP-guided therapy can be applied to patients undergoing cardiac surgery is unknown. We conclude that preoperative and postoperative measurement of natriuretic peptides could help predict postoperative cardiac dysfunction and adverse outcome in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Furthermore, they may improve the ability of commonly used risk assessment tools to predict outcome.
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ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac complication of hyperthyroidism. The influence of the time of cardioversion on hyperthyroidism-induced AF remains unclear. The aim of this study was to compare short-term outcomes of early electrical cardioversion for AF in hyperthyroid and euthyroid patients.
Sixty-seven subjects with persistent AF (duration, 10 days-12 months) were divided into two groups according to thyroid function: Euthyroid (Group 1, n = 36, female/male: 23/13, mean age: 61.77 ± 10.45 years) and hyperthyroid (Group 2, n = 31, female/male: 10/21, mean age: 65.43 ± 6.40 years). Two patients were excluded for unsuccessful cardioversion (one in each group). In Group 2, 19 patients had clinical and 11 had subclinical hyperthyroidism. Following transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography, cardioversion was performed until the highest energy was reached (270 J) or until sinus rhythm was achieved. AF recurrence was detected in 13 of 35 patients (37.1%) in Group 1 and in 11 of 30 patients (36.9%) in Group 2 (p = 0.96) at one month. Recurrence rate was higher in the clinical hyperthyroid patients than in the subclinical hyperthyroid patients (52.6% vs 9.1%, p = 0.021), but neither the clinical nor the subclinical hyperthyroid subgroups were significantly different from Group 1 in terms of recurrence rate (p = 0.27 and p = 0.13, respectively).
Electrical cardioversion should be performed for patients with persistent AF and hyperthyroidism as soon as possible.
Available from: Kwok Ho
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this systematic review was to assess whether pre-operative brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT pro-BNP) are independent predictors of adverse outcomes after cardiac surgery. MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register databases were searched. Eligible studies included observational or randomized control trials measuring natriuretic peptide concentrations before induction of anaesthesia for cardiac surgery. Two investigators independently extracted the data and assessed the validity of the included studies. The predictive ability of pre-operative BNP or NT pro-BNP on mortality, post-operative atrial fibrillation (AF) and intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) requirement was meta-analysed. The association between BNP or NT pro-BNP and other outcomes was systematically summarized. A total of 4933 patients from 22 studies were considered in the systematic review. Ten studies with one or more outcomes of interest were included in the meta-analyses. The strength of association between pre-operative natriuretic peptide levels and adverse outcomes after surgery was variable, as was the size and quality of the included studies. The summary areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve for mortality, post-operative AF and post-operative IABP requirement were 0.61 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.51-0.70), 0.61 (95% CI 0.58-0.64) and 0.81 (95% CI 0.73-0.89), respectively. With the limited data available, the associations between pre-operative natriuretic peptide levels and adverse outcomes after cardiac surgery were moderate. Future studies should assess whether pre-operative natriuretic peptides can provide additional independent predictive information to well-validated prognostic scores of cardiac surgery.
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