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Goodyera foliosa Var. Commelinoides (Orchidaceae): A New Record to Orchid Flora of Nepal

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INTRODUCTION The genus Goodyera comprises 40 species in the world (Pearce and Cribb 2002). It is widely distributed in the Mexico, Madagascar, South East Asia, The Pacific Island, Australia, Europe and North America (Pearce and Cribb 2002), (King and Pantling 1898). Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Benth. ex C. B. Clarke var. commelinoides (Fukuy.) F. Maek. is found in the Japan (Yoshisuke 1998). The Genus Goodyera has 9 species in Nepal distributed in the subtropical to temperate and subalpine regions (Rajbhandari and Dahal 2004). Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Benth. ex C. B. Clarke var. commelinoides (Fukuy.) F. Maek. is so far not reported from Nepal (Hara et al, 1978; Banerji 1984; Press et al, 2000; DPR 2001; Rajbhandari and Dahal 2004). There is no record of this specimen in the National Herbarium, Kathmandu (KATH) and Tribhuvan University Central Herbarium (TUCH). Present species of Goodyera, was collected from Sivapuri National Park (Central Nepal) at an altitude of about 1600 meter and that was identified as Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Benth. ex C. B. Clarke var. commelinoides (Fukuy.) F. Maek. The present report is, therefore an addition to the orchid flora of Nepal. Goodyera foliosa var. commelinoides is similar with the Goodyera foliosa in gross morphological characters but Goodyera foliosa var. commelinoides can be distinguish distinctly having elliptic and entire leaves peduncle longer, floral bracts finely acuminate, flower comparatively smaller, sepals densely glandular pubscent, lip apex subacute. In the Goodyera foliosa leaves ovate-elliptic, margin undulate, peduncle shorter, floral bracts acuminate, flower comparatively larger, sepals thinly glandular pubescent, lip apex obtuse. Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Benth. ex C. B. Clarke var. commelinoides (Fukuy.) F. Maek. Plant 15-20 cm tall. Rhizome stemlike, creeping, elongate, noded. Stem erect, 9-12 cm, with 4-6 leaves. Leaves petiolate; petiole 1.5-2 cm, base dilated into clasping sheath; leaf blade green, elliptic, 4.5-8×1.5-3 cm, apex acute. Peduncle and rachis 6-10 cm, hairy; raceme with secund flowers. Floral bracts lanceolate, 2 cm×2 mm, abaxially hairy, apex finely acuminate. Ovary terete, hairy, including pedicel 1 cm. Flowers 5×4 mm, light pink, hardly half-opened. Sepals narrowly ovate, concave, 5-8×3.5-4 mm, abaxially hairy, apex obtuse. Petals connivent with dorsal sepal forming a hood, obliquely rhombic, 5-8×3.5-4 mm, glabrous, base contracted into a claw, apex obtuse. Lip 6-8×3.5-4.5 mm, base concave-saccate; basal sac subglobose, inside with glandular hairs; limb ligulate, apex slightly recurved. Column 3 mm. Anthers ovoid, 4 mm. Pollinina 3 mm. Abstract: Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Benth. ex C. B. Clarke var. commelinoides (Fukuy.) F. Maek. (Orchidaceae) is first time reported from central Nepal as a new record to flora of Nepal. Detailed description, illustration and relevant notes are provided.
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Scientific World, Vol. 7, No. 7, July 200947
INTRODUCTION
The genus Goodyera comprises 40 species in the world
(Pearce and Cribb 2002). It is widely distributed in the Mexico,
Madagascar, South East Asia, The Pacific Island, Australia,
Europe and North America (Pearce and Cribb 2002), (King
and Pantling 1898). Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Benth. ex C. B.
Clarke var. commelinoides (Fukuy.) F. Maek. is found in the
Japan (Yoshisuke 1998).
The Genus Goodyera has 9 species in Nepal distributed in
the subtropical to temperate and subalpine regions
(Rajbhandari and Dahal 2004). Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.)
Benth. ex C. B. Clarke var. commelinoides (Fukuy.) F. Maek.
is so far not reported from Nepal (Hara et al, 1978; Banerji
1984; Press et al, 2000; DPR 2001; Rajbhandari and Dahal
2004). There is no record of this specimen in the National
Herbarium, Kathmandu (KATH) and Tribhuvan University
Central Herbarium (TUCH). Present species of Goodyera,
was collected from Sivapuri National Park (Central Nepal) at
an altitude of about 1600 meter and that was identified as
Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Benth. ex C. B. Clarke var.
commelinoides (Fukuy.) F. Maek. The present report is,
therefore an addition to the orchid flora of Nepal.
Goodyera foliosa var. commelinoides is similar with the
Goodyera foliosa in gross morphological characters but
Goodyera foliosa var. commelinoides can be distinguish
distinctly having elliptic and entire leaves peduncle longer,
floral bracts finely acuminate, flower comparatively smaller,
sepals densely glandular pubscent, lip apex subacute. In the
Goodyera foliosa leaves ovate-elliptic, margin undulate,
peduncle shorter, floral bracts acuminate, flower
comparatively larger, sepals thinly glandular pubescent, lip
apex obtuse.
Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Benth. ex C. B. Clarke var.
commelinoides (Fukuy.) F. Maek.
Plant 15-20 cm tall. Rhizome stemlike, creeping, elongate,
noded. Stem erect, 9-12 cm, with 4-6 leaves. Leaves petiolate;
petiole 1.5-2 cm, base dilated into clasping sheath; leaf blade
green, elliptic, 4.5-8×1.5-3 cm, apex acute. Peduncle and rachis
6-10 cm, hairy; raceme with secund flowers. Floral bracts
lanceolate, 2 cm×2 mm, abaxially hairy, apex finely acuminate.
Ovary terete, hairy, including pedicel 1 cm. Flowers 5×4 mm,
light pink, hardly half-opened. Sepals narrowly ovate,
concave, 5-8×3.5-4 mm, abaxially hairy, apex obtuse. Petals
connivent with dorsal sepal forming a hood, obliquely
rhombic, 5-8×3.5-4 mm, glabrous, base contracted into a claw,
apex obtuse. Lip 6-8×3.5-4.5 mm, base concave-saccate; basal
sac subglobose, inside with glandular hairs; limb ligulate,
apex slightly recurved. Column 3 mm. Anthers ovoid, 4 mm.
Pollinina 3 mm.
Flowering time: September
Habit and habitat: Terrestrial on deep shade in litter covered
humus near river bank or damp, occurs in the subtropical
evergreen forest at an altitude of 1600 meter.
Distribution: Central Nepal and Japan.
Conservation status: Localized and threatened due to habitat
destruction and over-grazing.
Exsiccates: Sundarijal, Sivapuri National Park ( Central Nepal),
September, 2007, Raskoti 250 (TUCH).
GOODYERA FOLIOSA VAR. COMMELINOIDES (ORCHIDACEAE):
A NEW RECORD TO ORCHID FLORA OF NEPAL
Bhakta B. Raskoti* and Rita Ale*
*Central Department of Botany, TU, Kritipur, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Abstract: Goodyera foliosa (Lindl.) Benth. ex C. B. Clarke var. commelinoides (Fukuy.) F. Maek. (Orchidaceae) is first time
reported from central Nepal as a new record to flora of Nepal. Detailed description, illustration and relevant notes are
provided.
Key words: Goodyera foliosa var. commelinoides; New record; Nepal.
Author for Correspondence: Bhakta B. Raskoti, Central Department of Botany, TU, Kritipur, Kathmandu, Nepal. Email: bbraskoti@gmail.com.
Scientific World, Vol. 7, No. 7, July 2009 48
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The National Herbarium (KATH) and Tribhuvan University
Central Herbarium (TUCH) are thankfully acknowledged for
allowing us to study herbarium specimens.
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Figure 1: A. Habitat; B. Flower front view; C. Side view of flower
with bract ; D. Lateral sepals; E. Dorsal sepal; F. Lip; G. Column and
lip; H. Petals; I. Back view of the column with anther; J. Pollinia.
... At several instances, distributions are ambiguously written and they were cross-checked with actual herbarium specimens and field visits for proper authentication. We collected information from various published books, theses and web pages (Don 1825, Benerji and Thapa 1976, Malla et al. 1976, Benerji 1978, Benerji and Pradhan 1984, Polunin and Stainton 1984, Stainton 1988, Press et al. 2000, Rajbhandari et al. 2000, White and Sharma 2000, Anonymous 2001, Rajbhandari and Bhattarai 2001, Pearce and Cribb 2002, de Millevile and Shrestha 2004, Rajbhandari 2004, Rajbhandari and Dahal 2004, Ghimire 2009, Wu and Hong 2009, Maity et al. 2009, Raskoti 2009, Rajbhandari and Baral 2010, Web 1 and 2) and research papers that reported new species from Nepal (Panigrahi and Wood 1974, Tuyama 1975, Bajracharya et al. 1993, Shakya and Bania 1998, Shakya and Chaudary 1999, Shakya 2000, Tsukaya and Ohba 2000, Bajracharya 2001, Bajracharya et al. 2002, Shakya et al. 2002, Bajracharya and Shrestha 2003, Rajbhandari 2003, Bajracharya and Shrestha 2004, 2006, Panthi and Chaudhary 2005, Rai et al. 2007, Shakya and Shrestha 2007, Margonska and Kowalkowska 2008, Raskoti et al. 2008, Raskoti 2009, 2013, Raskoti and Ale 2009a, 2009b, 2011, Raskoti and Shakya 2009, Subedi et al. 2011, Web 1 and 2). Moreover, different collection trips were carried out in various parts of Nepal between 2001 and 2010. ...
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... At several instances, distributions are ambiguously written and they were cross-checked with actual herbarium specimens and field visits for proper authentication. We collected information from various published books, theses and web pages (Don 1825, Benerji and Thapa 1976, Malla et al. 1976, Benerji 1978, Benerji and Pradhan 1984, Polunin and Stainton 1984, Stainton 1988, Press et al. 2000, Rajbhandari et al. 2000, White and Sharma 2000, Anonymous 2001, Rajbhandari and Bhattarai 2001, Pearce and Cribb 2002, de Millevile and Shrestha 2004, Rajbhandari 2004, Rajbhandari and Dahal 2004, Ghimire 2009, Wu and Hong 2009, Maity et al. 2009, Raskoti 2009, Rajbhandari and Baral 2010, Web 1 and 2) and research papers that reported new species from Nepal (Panigrahi and Wood 1974, Tuyama 1975, Bajracharya et al. 1993, Shakya and Bania 1998, Shakya and Chaudary 1999, Shakya 2000, Tsukaya and Ohba 2000, Bajracharya 2001, Bajracharya et al. 2002, Shakya et al. 2002, Bajracharya and Shrestha 2003, Rajbhandari 2003, Bajracharya and Shrestha 2004, 2006, Panthi and Chaudhary 2005, Rai et al. 2007, Shakya and Shrestha 2007, Margonska and Kowalkowska 2008, Raskoti et al. 2008, Raskoti 2009, 2013, Raskoti and Ale 2009a, 2009b, 2011, Raskoti and Shakya 2009, Subedi et al. 2011, Web 1 and 2). Moreover, different collection trips were carried out in various parts of Nepal between 2001 and 2010. ...
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An annotated checklist comprised of 458 taxa of orchids known from Nepal is provided, including 104 genera, 437 species, 16 varieties, 3 subspecies and 2 forma and 18 endemic species. In Nepal, orchid species are distributed from 60–5200 m a.s.l. In the checklist, notes on altitudinal ranges, habit, habitat, global distribution, phenology, etc. are presented.
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The orchids of Nepal Himalaya. Today and Tomorrow's Printers and Publishers
  • M L Banerji
Banerji, M.L. 1978. The orchids of Nepal Himalaya. Today and Tomorrow's Printers and Publishers, New Delhi. Pp. 34-37.
The orchids of Bhutan
  • N Pearce
  • P Cribb
Pearce, N. and Cribb, P. 2002. The orchids of Bhutan. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Scotland. P. 212.
Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal. The Natural History Museum
  • J R Press
  • K K Shrestha
  • D A Sutton
Press, J. R., Shrestha, K. K. and Sutton, D. A. 2000. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal. The Natural History Museum, London. P. 205.
Orchids of Nepal: A checklist
  • K R Rajbhandari
  • S Dahal
Rajbhandari, K.R. and Dahal S. 2004. Orchids of Nepal: A checklist. Botanica Orientalis. 4(1): 89-106.
Floristics Japan Aya Itaru Hall
  • S Yoshisuke
Yoshisuke, S. 1998. Japanese wild plant (herbs1). Floristics Japan Aya Itaru Hall. P. 212.
Flowering plants of Nepal (Phanerogams) Bulletin Department of Plant Resources No. 18, Ministry of forest and soil conservation
DPR, 2001. Flowering plants of Nepal (Phanerogams). Bulletin Department of Plant Resources No. 18, Ministry of forest and soil conservation, HMG/Nepal. Pp. 150-152.
Bulletin Department of Plant Resources No. 18, Ministry of forest and soil conservation, HMG/Nepal
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DPR, 2001. Flowering plants of Nepal (Phanerogams). Bulletin Department of Plant Resources No. 18, Ministry of forest and soil conservation, HMG/Nepal. Pp. 150-152.