Lauroua P, Ferrer AM, Guerin V. Successful major and minor surgery using factor VIII inhibitor bypassing activity in patients with haemophilia A and inhibitors
Centre Régional de Traitement de l'Hémophilie, Groupe Hospitalier Pellegrin, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.Haemophilia (Impact Factor: 2.6). 08/2009; 15(6):1300-7. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2008.01873.x
Surgeries are being increasingly performed in patients with haemophilia A and high-titre inhibitors. Optimal bypassing agent regimens need further delineation. Data pertaining to surgeries from 1989 to 2004 at a single centre were retrospectively analysed. Patients received a standardized factor eight inhibitor bypassing activity (FEIBA) dose for both major and minor elective or emergency surgeries. The standard FEIBA dose was 70 U kg(-1) per infusion. FEIBA was infused at 9 and 1 h before and 8 h after operation. Infusions were routinely repeated every 8 h afterward. Haemostatic efficacy was assessed on the basis of blood loss, occurrence of haematoma and transfusion requirements. Seven adult patients underwent a total of 12 operations: 10 major and two minor. Ten procedures were elective. The median cumulative numbers of infusions and days of therapy were 46 and 17, respectively. Cumulative total FEIBA consumption was a median of 3185 U kg(-1). Observed blood losses, haematoma incidence and transfusion requirements were comparable to those expected for noncoagulopathic patients undergoing similar procedures. The only large haematoma occurred after a hip prosthesis operation and resolved under continuing FEIBA treatment. There were no cases of disseminated intravascular coagulation or other thromboembolic complications. FEIBA provides an effective and safe first-line peri- and postoperative haemostatic therapy for patients with haemophilia A and inhibitors, allowing both major and minor operations to be successfully performed.
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ABSTRACT: This report evaluates the haemostatic efficacy of recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) and activated prothrombin complex concentrate (APCC) in patients with haemophilia and high responding inhibitors who underwent major and minor surgery. Data pertaining to surgeries from 2001 to 2009 at a single centre were retrospectively analysed. During this period, 53 surgical procedures were performed in 30 haemophiliacs with high responding inhibitors. Mean age was 16.2±9.4 years. Eleven major surgeries in 4 patients, 41 radioisotope synovectomies (RS) and one circumcision classified as minor surgery in 28 patients were performed. Among the major surgery procedures, four were treated with rFVIIa, five with APCC and two with sequential use of APCC and rFVIIa. We used rFVIIa at the dosage of 80-120 μg kg(-1) every 2 h and APCC 100 IU kg(-1) every 12 h for the major surgery. When performing RS, we used rFVIIa in 18 patients with 26 target joints and APCC in 9 patients with 15 target joints. Three consecutive doses of rFVIIa (90 μg kg(-1) ) were used at 2-h intervals followed by additional three doses at 6-h intervals. The initial dose of APCC was 75 IU kg(-1) followed by a second and third dose of 50 IU kg(-1) at 12-h intervals. APCC and rFVIIa demonstrated excellent efficacy in our major and minor surgical interventions [100% (22/22) and 94% (31/33), respectively]. We had only two bleeding complications with rFVIIa. There were no thromboembolic complications. APCC and rFVIIa provide an effective and safe first line haemostatic therapy for inhibitor-positive haemophiliacs, allowing both major and minor surgery to be successfully performed.
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ABSTRACT: Elective surgery in patients with congenital haemophilia with inhibitors carries a high risk of bleeding. However, inhibitor patients also have a high risk of haemarthroses and other orthopaedic complications, and surgery could improve their quality of life. Successful elective surgery has been reported in inhibitor patients under haemostatic cover with plasma-derived activated prothrombin complex concentrate (pd-aPCC) or recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa). Recombinant FVIIa has recently become available in Venezuela and, unlike pd-aPCC, has not been associated with an anamnestic response. The aim of this study was to assess our experience using rFVIIa as a first-line and sustained treatment in elective invasive surgical procedures at the National Haemophilia Centre in Venezuela. Surgical procedures were classified as major or minor, under haemostatic cover with rFVIIa. A total of 13 patients (12 with haemophilia A with high-responding inhibitors and one with von Willebrand's disease type 3) underwent a total of 19 surgical procedures under rFVIIa cover. Thirteen procedures were classified as major surgeries. Intraoperative haemostasis was achieved in the majority of patients. Only two patients required an additional dose of rFVIIa, at 30 min and 75 min, respectively, with good results. Postoperative haemostasis was considered effective in 16 of 18 (89%) of the procedures in haemophilia A patients. Treatment was considered to be ineffective in two patients because of excessive postoperative bleeding. Data from the study provide no safety concerns, and demonstrate that rFVIIa provides effective haemostatic cover in elective surgery in patients with inhibitors; research is ongoing to determine the optimal dose for such procedures.
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ABSTRACT: Increasing evidence indicates that factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitor bypassing agents (FEIBA® and NovoSeven®) can provide effective peri-operative haemostasis in haemophilia patients with high-responding inhibitors. We report the collected experience of all major and minor surgeries, conducted between December 1998 and September 2008, at four UK haemophilia Comprehensive Care Centres with FEIBA® as the first-line bypassing agent in patients with inhibitors. A total of 26 surgical procedures were performed in 18 patients of ages 34-83 years including five patients with acquired FVIII inhibitors. A single pre-operative infusion of FEIBA was followed by 6-12 h interval dosing for major surgeries at the discretion of the physician to approximate a maximum of 200 U kg(-1) day(-1), with tapering when postoperative haemostasis and wound healing permitted. Haemostatic outcomes were retrospectively reviewed against European consensus thresholds for blood loss and duration of treatment compared with expectations for equivalent procedures in non-inhibitor patients. Peri-operative haemostatic outcome with FEIBA was rated excellent or good in 78% of 18 major surgeries in 12 patients, including 11 major orthopaedic procedures. Haemostatic outcome was rated excellent in all seven procedures in five patients with acquired FVIII inhibitors and in all eight minor surgical procedures in six patients. FEIBA was well tolerated with no intra-operative haemostatic complications. A single, transient postoperative thrombotic adverse event occurred in a patient with cerebrovascular disease. This case series adds significantly to existing evidence that FEIBA can provide adequate, well-tolerated, peri-operative haemostatic cover for a wide variety of major and minor surgical procedures.
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