Fibroma of tendon sheath located within the ankle joint capsule

Casa di Cura Villa Stuart, Rome, Italy.
Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology 08/2009; 10(3):147-50. DOI: 10.1007/s10195-009-0058-2
Source: PubMed


We report a very rare case of fibroma of the tendon sheath arising from the anteromedial ankle joint capsule, with no apparent connection to any tendon in the area, found in a 58-year-old patient complaining of progressive local swelling. This uncommon tumor has its usual localization in tendon sheaths, is extremely rare in joint capsules, and has never been described in this location previously. MRI showed nonuniform low signal intensity in T1- and T2-weighted images and high intensity in STIR images. The mass was completely excised by open surgery. Histopathological analysis later confirmed the diagnosis of a fibroma of the tendon sheath.

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    • "Fibromas of the tendon sheath (FTS) are uncommon lesions thought to be a reactive fibrosis. It has a peak incidence at 20–50 years old, is three times more common in males, and 82 % of them occur in the hand and wrist region [7, 8]. The low signal on all MR pulse sequences expected of a fibrous lesion is not always seen. "
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    ABSTRACT: Focal hand lesions are commonly encountered in clinical practice and are often benign. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is the imaging modality of choice in evaluating these lesions as it can accurately determine the nature of the lesion, enhancement pattern and exact location in relation to surrounding tissues. However, while MR features of various soft tissue lesions in the hand have been well described, it is often still difficult to differentiate between benign and malignant lesions. We review the MR imaging features of a variety of focal hand lesions presenting at our institution and propose a classification into “benign”, “intermediate grade” (histologically benign but locally aggressive with potential for recurrence) and frankly “malignant” lesions based on MR findings. This aims to narrow down differential diagnoses and helps in further management of the lesion, preoperative planning and, in cases of primary malignancy, local staging. Teaching Points • Hand lesions are often benign and MR is essential as part of the workup. • MR features of various hand lesions are well described but are often non-specific. • Certain MR features may help for the diagnosis but histological examination is usually required. • We aim to classify hand lesions based on MR features such as margin, enhancement and bony involvement. • Classifying these lesions can help narrow down differential diagnoses and aid management.
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    • "The majority of patients with FTS are between the ages of 20 and 40 years and the male: female ratio has been described as 1.5~3:17,11. Most patients do not complain of any symptoms. "
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    ABSTRACT: Fibroma of the tendon sheath is an uncommon soft tissue tumor presenting as a solitary, slow-growing, firm, painless, small nodule, which shows strong attachment to the tendon or tendon sheath. It is usually localized on fingers and hand tendons in adults between the age of 20 and 40 years old. This case concerns a 61-year-old man presenting with a 5-year history of multiple cutaneous nodules on both palms and soles. Skin biopsy confirmed fibroma of the tendon sheath. Blood tests showed a high titer of rheumatoid factor and positivity to anti-nuclear antibody. No case of fibroma of the tendon sheath occurring multifocally on both palms and soles has been previously reported. Herein, we report on a very rare case of multiple fibromas of the tendon sheath arising from palms and soles, which supports the pathogenetic hypothesis that this tumor may be a reactive process rather than a true neoplasm.
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    ABSTRACT: Fibroma of the tendon sheath is an uncommon soft-tissue tumor. Intraarticular localization has not been previously reported. The patient presented with unexplained recurrent swelling of the knee not associated with recent trauma. The soft-tissue tumor was identified by magnetic resonance imaging. Arthroscopy confirmed the diagnosis. Arthrotomy was performed because of the large size of the lesion.
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