Article

The Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study: Methodological developments and current tensions

Research and Evaluation Branch, Public Health Strategy Division, Department of Public Health and Health Professions, Welsh Assembly Government, Cardiff, UK.
International Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 2.7). 08/2009; 54 Suppl 2(S2):140-50. DOI: 10.1007/s00038-009-5405-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

To describe the methodological development of the HBSC survey since its inception and explore methodological tensions that need to be addressed in the ongoing work on this and other large-scale cross-national surveys.
Using archival data and conversations with members of the network, we collaboratively analysed our joint understandings of the survey's methodology.
We identified four tensions that are likely to be present in upcoming survey cycles: (1) maintaining quality standards against a background of rapid growth, (2) continuous improvement with limited financial resources, (3) accommodating analysis of trends with the need to improve and adapt questionnaire content, and (4) meeting the differing requirements of scientific and policy audiences.
While these challenges are not trivial, the structure of the HBSC network and its long-term experience in working through such challenges renders it likely that HBSC can provide a model of other similar studies facing these tensions.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Saoirse Nic Gabhainn
  • Source
    • "This data did not provide information on portion sizes, amounts of food consumed and whether children met the dietary recommendations. A 24-h recall food behaviour checklist might be the better way to collect this information[42]. Third, the data collected could be affected by seasonal bias. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Many children skip breakfast, consume soft drinks/sweets and do not eat the recommended amounts of fruit and vegetables. Poor eating habits in children tend to be carried over into adulthood. The changes in eating behaviours of Czech 11-, 13- and 15-year-old children were examined by frequency of breakfast (on weekdays and weekends), fruit, vegetable, sweet and soft drink consumption using data obtained from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) surveys in 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014. Logistic regression was used to analyze changes in eating behaviours. The findings showed a significant increase (only in girls, p ≤ 0.001) in prevalence of breakfast consumption (on weekdays) and a decrease in daily consumption of soft drinks (in boys and girls, p ≤ 0.001), sweets (in boys and girls, p ≤ 0.01) and fruit (in boys, p ≤ 0.01; in girls, p ≤ 0.001) between 2002 and 2014. Daily vegetable and breakfast on weekends consumption remained statistically unchanged over time. More frequent daily fruit, vegetable and breakfast (on weekends) consumption was reported by girls and younger children, whereas daily soft drink intake was more prevalent in boys and older children. There is a need for re-evaluation of current policies and new initiatives to improve the eating habits of Czech children.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
    • "Pupil participation was voluntary and anonymous . Details on methods and data collection are published elsewhere (Matos et al., 2011; Roberts et al., 2009). Girls aged 10–13 were selected because there was an intention to have two balanced groups: pre-menarcheal girls and post-menarcheal girls. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between girls' sexual maturation (age of menarche) and physical activity and sedentary behaviors. Methods: Data were collected from a national representative sample of girls in 2010 (pre-menarcheal girls n = 583, post-menarcheal girls n = 741). Physical activity (times/week and hours/week) and screen-based sedentary time (minutes/day) including television/video/DVD watching, playing videogames, and computer use were self-reported. Results: Pre-menarcheal girls engaged significantly more times in physical activity in the last 7 days than post-menarcheal girls (3.5 ± 1.9 times/week vs. 3.0 ± 1.7 times/week, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference between pre-menarcheal and post-menarcheal girls in time (hours/week) spent in physical activity. Post-menarcheal girls spent significantly more minutes per day than pre-menarcheal girls watching TV, playing videogames, and using computers on weekdays (TV: 165.2 ± 105.8 vs. 136.0 ± 106.3, P < 0.001; videogames 72.0 ± 84.8 vs. 60.3 ± 78.9, P = 0.015; computer: 123.3 ± 103.9 vs. 82.8 ± 95.8, P < 0.001) and on weekends (TV: 249.0 ± 116.2 vs. 209.3 ± 124.8, P < 0.001; videogames: 123.0 ± 114.0 vs. 104.7 ± 103.5, P = 0.020; computer: 177.0 ± 122.2 vs. 119.7 ± 112.7, P < 0.001). After adjusting analyses for age, BMI, and socioeconomic status, differences were still significant for physical activity and for computer use. Conclusion: Specific interventions should be designed for girls to increase their physical activity participation and decrease time spent on the computer, for post-menarcheal girls in particular. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · American Journal of Human Biology
  • Source
    • "Data were collected by means of questionnaires administered in school classes following a standard protocol (Roberts et al., 2009). In order to ensure a representative sample, a standard cluster sampling procedure from a geographically stratified list of Norwegian students was utilized, with school classes or schools as the primary sampling unit (Samdal et al., 2012). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study was aimed at investigating the relationships between students’ perceived classroom achievement goals, school engagement and substance use in terms of smoking and drinking, and at investigating gender differences regarding these issues in a sample of 1,239 Norwegian 10th grade students. A multivariate analysis showed that motivational and affective school engagement was predicted primarily by the students’ perception of a mastery goal structure. However, motivational engagement was significantly more strongly predicted by achievement goal structures among boys than girls, in particular by mastery goal structure. The results also showed that school engagement, particularly motivational engagement, was negatively related to substance use. In conclusion, school engagement seems to be an important multi-dimensional indicator of motivation which is related both to perceived classroom goal structure and to students’ substance use in terms of smoking and drinking. Despite the correlational design of the present study, it is reasonable to advise the promotion of a mastery goal structure in the classroom.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015
Show more