The relationship of myocardial contraction and electrical excitation - The correlation between scintigraphic phase image analysis and electrophysiologic mapping

Division of Heart Failure and Pulmonary Hypertension, Alta Bates Hospital, Berkeley, CA, USA.
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology (Impact Factor: 2.94). 08/2009; 16(5):792-800. DOI: 10.1007/s12350-009-9114-9
Source: PubMed


Phase imaging derived from equilibrium radionuclide angiography presents the ventricular contraction sequence. It has been widely but only indirectly correlated with the sequence of electrical myocardial activation.
We sought to determine the specific relationship between the sequence of phase progression and the sequence of myocardial activation, contraction and conduction, in order to document a noninvasive method that could monitor both.
In 7 normal and 9 infarcted dogs, the sequence of phase angle was correlated with the epicardial activation map in 126 episodes of sinus rhythm and pacing from three ventricular sites.
In each episode, the site of earliest phase angle was identical to the focus of initial epicardial activation. Similarly, the serial contraction pattern by phase image analysis matched the electrical epicardial activation sequence completely or demonstrated good agreement in approximately 85% of pacing episodes, without differences between normal or infarct groups.
A noninvasive method to accurately determine the sequence of contraction may serve as a surrogate for the associated electrical activation sequence or be applied to identify their differences.

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