Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor with Autonomic Nerve Differentiation and Coexistent Mantle Cell Lymphoma Involving the Appendix

University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology (Impact Factor: 1.89). 02/2009; 2(6):608-13.
Source: PubMed


Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and mantle cell lymphoma involving the appendix are rare as individual disease entities. Their coexistence has not been previously reported in the literature. We describe a 65-year old female who presented with extensive ileocecal mantle cell lymphoma, which extended to the appendix. The appendix was involved by mantle cell lymphoma and an incidental coexistent GIST was noted in the appendiceal wall. The GIST was CD117 positive but did not harbor mutations in the c-kit and PDGFR genes. In addition, it was unusual in showing S-100 immunoreactivity and ultrastructural evidence of autonomic nerve differentiation. This is the first description of the association of a GIST with autonomic nerve differentiation coexisting with mantle cell lymphoma in the appendix.

Download full-text


Available from: Runjan Chetty
  • Source
    • "The liver and the peritoneum are the main sites of metastases, but rarely lymph nodes, bones, or the lung may be affected [3]. Appendiceal GISTs are exceptionally rare with only 11 cases reported in the English literature to date [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]. Because of their rarity, the risk profile and appropriate management of appendiceal GISTs have not been yet fully defined. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the vermiform appendix are rare. To date, only 11 cases have been reported in the English literature. Here, we present a new case of appendiceal gastrointestinal stromal tumor associated with complete situs inversus. A 48-year-old man was operated on due to appendicitis-like symptoms. Laparotomy revealed a ruptured conglomerate tumor in the lower abdomen associated with extensive peritoneal adhesions. Histology showed a spindle cell gastrointestinal stromal tumor with prominent sclerosis and calcification without low mitotic activity. The tumor cells expressed strongly CD117 and CD34. The mutation analysis revealed a heterozygous deletion/insertion involving exon 11 of KIT (pK558_V559delNNins). Because the tumor was ruptured intraoperatively, a high risk was assigned according to the revised National Institute of Health criteria and adjuvant therapy with imatinib mesylate was recommended. The patient is currently alive without evidence of progression 27 months after surgery.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · Human pathology

  • No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · The Turkish journal of gastroenterology: the official journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 7-year-old boy with no history of malnutrition or diarrhoea complained of acute abdominal pain, was diagnosed with acute appendicitis, and underwent appendectomy. Histologically, a diffuse infiltrate of large atypical lymphoid cells was found in the entire appendiceal wall. Immunohistochemical examination revealed that the tumour cells expressed T-cell receptor (TCR)-βF1, CD3, CD4, CD25, cytotoxic-related protein TIA1 and granzyme-B, but were negative for CD8, Foxp3, CD20, CD30 and CD56. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) revealed clonal bands of TCR-γ gene products in the tumour tissue. No anti-cytomegalovirus antibody-positive cells were detected. In situ hybridization revealed no nuclear signals of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded RNA. Helicobacter pylori infection was detected in tumour tissue by anti-East Asian cytotoxin-associated gene (Cag) A antibody and PCR using its specific primers. The patient received chemotherapy and has remained in remission for 2 years. To the best of our knowledge, only two cases of appendiceal T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) have been reported, both in elderly patients. We believe that this is the first reported case of childhood CD4- and TIA1-positive cytotoxic T (Th1)-cell NHL in the appendix or gastrointestinal tract. Helicobacter pylori infection might be an initiator of atypical cytotoxic T-cell proliferation. Virtual Slides The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here:
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · Diagnostic Pathology
Show more