Article

Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y): Reliability and relationship with physical activity

Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University and University of California, 3900 5th Avenue, Suite 310, San Diego, CA 92103, USA.
Preventive Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.09). 08/2009; 49(2-3):213-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.07.011
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

To examine the psychometric properties of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale-Youth (NEWS-Y) and explore its associations with context-specific and overall physical activity (PA) among youth.
In 2005, parents of children ages 5-11 (n=116), parents of adolescents ages 12-18 (n=171), and adolescents ages 12-18 (n=171) from Boston, Cincinnati, and San Diego, completed NEWS-Y surveys regarding perceived land use mix-diversity, recreation facility availability, pedestrian/automobile traffic safety, crime safety, aesthetics, walking/cycling facilities, street connectivity, land use mix-access, and residential density. A standardized neighborhood environment score was derived. Self-reported activity in the street and in parks, and walking to parks, shops, school, and overall physical activity were assessed.
The NEWS-Y subscales had acceptable test-retest reliability (ICC range .56-.87). Being active in a park, walking to a park, walking to shops, and walking to school were related to multiple environmental attributes in all three participant groups. Total neighborhood environment, recreation facilities, walking and cycling facilities, and land use mix-access had the most consistent relationships with specific types of activity.
The NEWS-Y has acceptable reliability and subscales were significantly correlated with specific types of youth PA. The NEWS-Y can be used to examine neighborhood environment correlates of youth PA.

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    • "and PA in children included parental environmental perception , but not the children's perceptions (Carver et al., 2008; Rosenberg et al., 2009; Sallis et al., 2002; Salmon et al., 2013). "
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of the present study were to assess the association of environmental perception with objective and self-reported physical activity (PA) and the relation between environmental perception and meeting PA recommendations on children and adolescents. A sample of 1520 youth (770 boys) aged 8-18 years (12.1 ± 2.5 years) from the UP&DOWN study were included in the data analyses. Environmental perception was assessed with the short adapted version of the ALPHA environmental questionnaire. PA was objectively (accelerometers) and self-reported measured (PA Questionnaire for Children, Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise Questionnaire and Finnish PA Index). Linear regression models were used to assess the association of environmental perception with PA. Bivariate logistic regression models were used to assess differences between environmental perception and meeting PA recommendations. Environmental perception was positively associated with both objective and self-reported PA. Some differences were found in the association of environmental perception and PA between sex- and age-specific groups. Youth who perceived a more favourable environment were more likely to meet PA recommendations (at least 60 min · day(-1) of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA)). Results suggest that environmental perceptions of children and adolescents may play an important role in achieving higher levels of PA.
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    • "The third group of walking-related travel behavior studies focuses on a specific type of access trips, such as trips to schools (e.g., Boarnet et al. 2005; Ewing, Schroeer, and Greene 2004; Yang and Markowitz 2012), to neighborhood parks (e.g., Tilt 2010), to local shops (e.g., Rosenberg et al. 2009), and to transit stations (e.g., Besser and Dannenberg 2005; Walton and Sunseri 2010). In terms of geographical scale, access trips are usually shorter than commuting trips. "
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    ABSTRACT: This article focuses on micro-level walkability, which is measured at the route level and thus named “path walkability,” and tests whether path walkability influences transit users' mode choices to the station. To test its impact on access mode choices, a case study is conducted in downtown Mountain View, California. A station user survey is administered to collect access mode choice, socioeconomic status, and trip origins and walking routes of 249 transit users with previous experience of walking to the station. Using a path walkability measurement instrument developed for this research, 38 path walkability indicators are extracted from each of the 249 walking routes. The 38 walkability indicators are grouped by using factor analysis yielding four path walkability factors: “sidewalk amenities,” “traffic impacts,” “street scale and enclosure,” and “landscaping elements.” The four factors are utilized as new walkability variables for modeling access mode choices. With 150 walkers and 99 habitual auto users/occasional walkers, two access mode choice models are estimated. The basic model is first estimated without walkability variables and then the four path walkability variables are introduced for the expanded model. All four path walkability variables enter the expanded model and significantly improve the predictability of the mode choice model. The model result suggests that micro-level walkability influences access mode choices in a statistically significant way and having more walking-conducive walkability available for access trips increases the chance of choosing walking over driving. This research shows that improving micro-level walkability could be a cost-beneficial incentive for more walking to the station.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · International Journal of Sustainable Transportation
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    • "Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient values for scores on this subscale of .83 and .67, respectively, have been reported when completed by parents of adolescents (Rosenberg et al., 2009). For our analyses, proximity scores were divided into tertiles such that participants whose scores were between 14 and 28 were considered to be living in low proximity to PA infrastructures, the second tertile included scores of 29–40, and participants reporting scores higher than 40 represented the high proximity tertile. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Physical activity (PA) infrastructures can provide youth chances to engage in PA. As determinants of organized and unorganized PA (OPA and UPA) may differ, we investigated if proximity to PA infrastructures (proximity) was associated with maintenance of OPA and UPA over 3 years. Methods: Youth from New Brunswick, Canada (n = 187; 10-12 years at baseline) reported participation in OPA and UPA every 4 months from 2011 to 2014 as part of the MATCH study. Proximity data was drawn from parent’s questionnaires. Proximity scores were divided into tertiles. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess associations between proximity and maintenance of OPA and UPA. Results: There were no crude or adjusted differences in average maintenance of participation in OPA [mean number of survey cycle participation (95%CI) was 6.6 (5.7-7.5), 6.3 (5.5-7.1), and 5.8 (5.1-6.6)] or UPA [6.8 (6.2-7.4), 5.9 (5.3-6.5), and 6.6 (5.9-7.3)] across low, moderate, and high tertiles of proximity, respectively. Conclusions: Findings suggest that proximity does not affect maintenance of participation in OPA or UPA during adolescence. Other environmental aspects may have a greater effect. Further research is needed before conclusions can be made.
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