Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y): Reliability and relationship with physical activity

Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego State University and University of California, 3900 5th Avenue, Suite 310, San Diego, CA 92103, USA.
Preventive Medicine (Impact Factor: 3.09). 08/2009; 49(2-3):213-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.07.011
Source: PubMed


To examine the psychometric properties of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale-Youth (NEWS-Y) and explore its associations with context-specific and overall physical activity (PA) among youth.
In 2005, parents of children ages 5-11 (n=116), parents of adolescents ages 12-18 (n=171), and adolescents ages 12-18 (n=171) from Boston, Cincinnati, and San Diego, completed NEWS-Y surveys regarding perceived land use mix-diversity, recreation facility availability, pedestrian/automobile traffic safety, crime safety, aesthetics, walking/cycling facilities, street connectivity, land use mix-access, and residential density. A standardized neighborhood environment score was derived. Self-reported activity in the street and in parks, and walking to parks, shops, school, and overall physical activity were assessed.
The NEWS-Y subscales had acceptable test-retest reliability (ICC range .56-.87). Being active in a park, walking to a park, walking to shops, and walking to school were related to multiple environmental attributes in all three participant groups. Total neighborhood environment, recreation facilities, walking and cycling facilities, and land use mix-access had the most consistent relationships with specific types of activity.
The NEWS-Y has acceptable reliability and subscales were significantly correlated with specific types of youth PA. The NEWS-Y can be used to examine neighborhood environment correlates of youth PA.

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    • "Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient values for scores on this subscale of .83 and .67, respectively, have been reported when completed by parents of adolescents (Rosenberg et al., 2009). For our analyses, proximity scores were divided into tertiles such that participants whose scores were between 14 and 28 were considered to be living in low proximity to PA infrastructures, the second tertile included scores of 29–40, and participants reporting scores higher than 40 represented the high proximity tertile. "
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