Article

Stigmatization and Suicide Bereavement

Sociology Department, Nassau Community College, Garden City, New York, USA.
Death Studies (Impact Factor: 0.92). 09/2009; 33(7):591-608. DOI: 10.1080/07481180902979973
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

With survey data collected primarily from peer support group participants, the authors compared stigmatization responses of 462 parents losing children to suicide with 54 other traumatic death survivors and 24 child natural death survivors. Parents who encountered harmful responses and strained relations with family members and non-kin reported heightened grief difficulties. After controlling for time since the death and whether a child's death was traumatic or not, stigmatization continued to be associated with grief difficulties, depression, and suicidal thinking. Suicide survivors reported little differences in stigmatization from other-traumatic-death survivors, a result consistent with other recent studies, suggesting more convergence between these two populations than divergence.

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    • "Finding in the digital space others who have gone through a similar experience of loss provides a unique chance to share one's story in a safe and empathic environment . Given the taboo nature of loss by suicide and the social stigma surrounding suicide, online information and help might be particularly attractive to the survivors who might be bereft of other support (Berger, Wagner, & Baker, 2005; Feigelman, Gorman, & Jordan, 2009). Despite the increasing scientific and clinical interest in the subject of grieving online (see recent reviews in Sofka et al., 2012 and Walter, Hourizi, Moncur, & Pitsillides, 2011–2012), not many studies have explored the use of Internet and its impact on the process of grieving in case of suicide survivors. "
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    ABSTRACT: Although several studies have looked at the phenomenon of online memorialization, online involvement of those bereaved by suicide (suicide survivors) remains an understudied area. The current study analyzed 250 memorials dedicated to those who died by suicide on two memorialization Web sites: Faces of Suicide and Gone too Soon. The majority of the memorials was posted by family members of the deceased and had a format of a letter or an obituary. Though the memorials were written for both males and females of all ages, 80% of the messages were written for young males. Fourteen themes were identified, ranging from sadness and expressions of love and other grief reactions of the bereaved, to acknowledgment of suicide and search for reasons for the death. Some of the bereaved wrote about their motives for posting an online memorial. Future studies should determine the impact of involvement in online memorialization on the grief process of suicide survivors.
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    • "Whereas help-seeking attitudes provide information regarding participants' views toward seeking help, help-seeking propensity measures participants' willingness or ability to seek help, and indifference to stigma measures participants' concerns about others finding out about their attempts to seek help. Research suggests increased levels of stigma post-loss (Cvinar, 2005; Feigelman, Gorman, & Jordan, 2009 "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the impact of personality, coping, and perceived closeness on help-seeking attitudes in suicide bereaved adults. Participants (n = 418; mean age = 49.50; 90% women, 89.7% Caucasian) completed measures of personality (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, conscientiousness, and agreeableness), coping, and attitudes toward seeking mental health services. Regression analyses revealed neuroticism as the strongest predictor of help-seeking attitudes. Relatively neurotic adult women bereaved by suicide may be at-risk for developing unhealthy coping styles, low stigma indifference, and more negative help-seeking attitudes.
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    • "Palaikymo, rūpesčio, gebėjimo suprasti stoka gali atspindėti ir gedinčiųjų norą, kad aplinkiniai visuomet tinkamai suprastų bei atlieptų jų poreikius. Ir kitose šalyse atlikti tyrimai rodo, kad nusižudžiusiųjų artimieji neretai jaučia didesnį pagalbos poreikį nei jos gauna (Dyregrov, 2002; Wilson ir Marshall, 2010), dėl to pasijunta apleisti, atstumti, nesuprasti (Feigelman ir kt., 2009). Taigi nusivylimas artimaisiais ar visuomene priklauso tiek nuo artimojo poreikių neatitinkančio aplinkinių žmonių elgesio, socialinio bejėgiškumo ar gebėjimo išbūti su gedulo jausmais, tiek nuo paties gedinčiojo lūkesčių aplinkiniams, pasirengimo kalbėti apie sunkumus. "

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