Infertility is worldwide problem affecting people of all communities, though the cause and magnitude may vary with geographical location and socioeconomic status. Approximately 8-10 percent of couples within the reproductive age group present for medical assessment, generally following two years of failed efforts to reproduce. Evidences suggest that infertility is becoming a public health problem in India. It is estimated that globally 60-80 million cou-ples suffer from infertility every year, of which probably between 15-20 millions (25%) are in India alone. Globally studies show that, at least one in three women and / or girls have been beaten or sexually abused in their lifetime. National Family Health Survey 3 (NFHS-3) shows that approximately 21 percent of women who has been interviewed have experienced physical or sexual violence in last 12 months. It is now becoming more and more evident that Infertility and Gender-based Violence (GBV) are emerging health problems of India. The present analysis was carried out with objective to study the association between Infertil-ity and GBV. Data collected by NFHS-3 from 23,722 women in reproductive age group by household survey shows that 2,023 (8.5%) women were infertile and 21,699 (91.5%) women were having at least one child. Out of total 2,023 infertile women 1,574 (77.8%) have experi-enced physical and/or sexual violence in last 12 months. Out of total 21,699 women having at least one child, only 1,332 (6.1%) have experienced physical and/or sexual violence in last one year. This shows that there is significant association between Infertility and GBV (p<0.001). Based on the study findings the recommendations are: (i) Infertility management should be coupled with counseling on GBV; (ii) Appointing a professional counselor in infer-tility management team; (iii) Infertility management specialist should be sensitized about the GBV.