NanoPen: Dynamic, Low-Power, and Light-Actuated Patterning of Nanoparticles

Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.
Nano Letters (Impact Factor: 13.59). 07/2009; 9(8):2921-5. DOI: 10.1021/nl901239a
Source: PubMed


We introduce NanoPen, a novel technique for low optical power intensity, flexible, real-time reconfigurable, and large-scale light-actuated patterning of single or multiple nanoparticles, such as metallic spherical nanocrystals, and one-dimensional nanostructures, such as carbon nanotubes. NanoPen is capable of dynamically patterning nanoparticles over an area of thousands of square micrometers with light intensities <10 W/cm(2) (using a commercial projector) within seconds. Various arbitrary nanoparticle patterns and arrays (including a 10 x 10 array covering a 0.025 mm(2) area) are demonstrated using this capability. One application of NanoPen is presented through the creation of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy hot-spots by patterning gold nanoparticles of 90 nm diameter with enhancement factors exceeding 10(7) and picomolar concentration sensitivities.

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    • "Reprinted by permission from Macmillan Publishers Ltd: [Nature Protocol] Ref 154, copyright (2010); (e) Dip-pen nanolithography. From Ref 151, reprinted with permission from AAAS; (f) nanoPen lithography; Reprinted with permission from Ref 77. Copyright 2009 American Chemical Society; (g) Electrospinning.110 "
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