Obsessive-compulsive (oc) symptoms in psychiatric in-patients at Mathari hospital, Kenya
Africa Mental Health Foundation, Department of Psychiatry, University of Nairobi, Kenya.African Journal of Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 0.73). 09/2008; 11(3):182-6.
Objective: To document the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) among patients admitted at Mathari Psychiatric Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. Method: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted at the Mathari Hospital. Results: Out of 691 patients interviewed, 84 (12.2%) had symptoms which met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSMIV) criteria for OCD, which started early in life. The clinicians had not recognized the OC symptoms/disorder. There were high co-morbidities between OCD and other Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) core syndromes as well as psychotic symptoms often associated with schizophrenia. Conclusion: OC symptoms are common in psychiatric patients admitted at Mathari Hospital although such symptoms were clinically undetected and therefore not managed. The high co-morbidities between OCD, other psychiatric disorders and other psychiatric symptoms pose clinical challenges in differentiating between psychotic symptoms perceived by the patients to have an external locus and OC symptoms perceived to have an internal locus. A more systematic clinical procedure for assessing all DSM-IV symptoms should be adapted as standard quality control practice in all patients, particularly those with psychotic symptoms.
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Article: Schizo-obsessive disorder[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This is the first book to address the clinical and neurobiological interface between schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). There is growing evidence that obsessive-compulsive symptoms in schizophrenia are prevalent, persistent and characterized by a distinct pattern of familial inheritance, neurocognitive deficits and brain activation. This text provides guidelines for differential diagnosis of schizophrenic patients with obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and patients with primary OCD alongside poor insight, psychotic features or schizotypal personality. Written by a leading expert in the coexistence of obsessive-compulsive and schizophrenic phenomena, Schizo-Obsessive Disorder uses numerous case studies to present diagnostic guidelines and to describe a recommended treatment algorithm, demystifying this complex disorder and aiding its effective management. The book is essential reading for psychiatrists, neurologists and the wider range of multidisciplinary mental health practitioners.