Use of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of bone marrow edema in the equine distal limb: Six cases

Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche Veterinarie, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.
Veterinary Research Communications (Impact Factor: 1.24). 08/2009; 33 Suppl 1(S1):225-8. DOI: 10.1007/s11259-009-9270-z
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Three horses with sudden onset severe lameness were admitted for further diagnostic investigation. All horses had variable changes on radiographs in the distal tarsal region. Because of the sudden onset and severe degree of lameness, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination was performed. All horses showed areas of increased signal intensity in short tau inversion recovery (STIR) images involving the central and/or third tarsal bones. These lesions involved both the subchondral bone and bone marrow and are currently defined as bone marrow lesions (BML). Two horses were treated with shockwave therapy, one received intra-articular medication. Two of the horses returned to previous athletic level and one is still in rehabilitation.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011
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    ABSTRACT: The usefulness of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the diagnosis of equine lameness is unquestionable. As with most imaging modalities, advances in technology happen quickly, and the information that can be obtained can seem limitless. An understanding of MR sequences, expected signal intensity of normal tissues, and the role of multiplanar imaging is the foundation for interpreting MR images. The rapid development of new techniques and sequences and the potential for biochemical changes to be indirectly assessed using MR spectroscopy offer possibilities for the continued development of this modality and ensure its continued application in the diagnosis of equine lameness.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2012 · The Veterinary clinics of North America. Equine practice