The Cloud Condensation Nuclei (CCN) properties of 2-methyltetrols and C3–C6 polyols from osmolality and surface tension measurements

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Impact Factor: 5.05). 01/2008; 8(5). DOI: 10.5194/acpd-8-17237-2008
Source: DOAJ


A significant fraction of the organic material in aerosols is made of highly soluble compounds such as sugars (mono- and polysaccharides) and polyols, including the 2-methyltetrols, methylerythritol and methyltreitol. The high solubility of these compounds has brought the question of their potentially high CCN efficiency. For the 2-methyltetrols, this would have important implications for cloud formation at global scale because they are thought to be produced by the atmospheric oxidation of isoprene. To investigate this question, the complete Köhler curves for C3–C6 polyols and the 2-methyltetrols have been determined experimentally from osmolality and surface tension measurements. Contrary to what expected, none of these compounds displayed a critical supersaturation lower than those of inorganic salts or organic acids. Their Raoult terms show that this limited CCN efficiency is due to their absence of dissociation in water, this in spite of slight surface-tension effects for the 2-methyltetrols. Thus, compounds such as sugars and polyols would not contribute more to cloud formation in the atmosphere than any other organic compounds studied so far. In particular, the presence of 2-methyltetrols in aerosols would not particularly enhance cloud formation in the atmosphere, contrary to what has been suggested.

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Available from: Barbara Noziere, Apr 25, 2015
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    • "Series of C 7 –C 15 monohydroxy fatty acids with OH group at C-5 to ω-1 positions have been reported as oxidation products of unsaturated fatty acids in the remote marine aerosols from the Pacific (Kawamura and Gagosian, 1988). Laboratory experiments (Ekström et al., 2009) have shown that 2-methyltetrols, tracers for isoprene SOA (Claeys et al., 2004), and related isoprene oxidation products can increase CCN levels in the pristine marine atmosphere that is limited in CCN. "
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