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El objetivo del trabajo es plantear una agenda de investigación para el estudio de la organización cuyo fin es integrar empresas. Se reflexiona sobre los problemas organizacionales que enfrenta y la forma en que ha sido objeto de estudio en algunos proyectos de investigación mexicanos y españoles. El análisis y la comparación proveen pautas no solo para su estudio sino también para su fortalecimiento y promoción.
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The ability of organizations to strategically influence their environments has become a central concern in organizational research. In this article, I develop the concept of “institutional strategy” to describe patterns of organizational action that are directed toward managing the institutional structures within which firms compete for resources, either through the reproduction or transformation of those structures. Drawing on a study of the Canadian forensic accounting industry, I describe two types of institutional strategy: (1) membership strategies that involve the definition of rules of membership and their meaning for an institutional community; and (2) standardization strategies that are concerned with the establishment of technical, legal, or market standards that define the “normal” processes involved in the production of some good or service.
Some dare call it power Power has typically been seen as the ability to get others to do what you want them to, if necessary, against their will (Weber 1978). This seemingly simple definition, which presents the negative, rather than the positive, aspects of power has been challenged, amended, critiqued, extended and rebuffed over the years but it, nonetheless, remains the starting point for a remarkably diverse body of literature. Behind it lies a series of important struggles, not just concerning different conceptualizations of power, and different traditions of social science, but also in the interplay between critical and managerialist thought as well as between academic and practitioner discourses. There are, then, a multitude of different voices that speak to and of power and a variety of contradictory conceptualizations result. The two dominant voices - the functionalist and the critical (to use simple categorizations) - rarely communicate with each other ...
Many formal organizational structures arise as reflections of rationalized institutional rules. The elaboration of such rules in modern states and societies accounts in part for the expansion and increased complexity of formal organizational structures. Institutional rules function as myths which organizations incorporate, gaining legitimacy, resources, stability, and enhanced survival prospects. Organizations whose structures become isomorphic with the myths of the institutional environment-in contrast with those primarily structured by the demands of technical production and exchange-decrease internal coordination and control in order to maintain legitimacy. Structures are decoupled from each other and from ongoing activities. In place of coordination, inspection, and evaluation, a logic of confidence and good faith is employed.
In this work the Groupings of Economic Interest are analyzed starting from the corresponding legal regulation and from the information obtained by means of a survey carried out to this community. The studied aspects are centered, on one hand, around some merely formal issues of their constitution and of their internal configuration and, on the other hand, around issues of accountable content. The obtained information has allowed us to characterize the structure that these figures present, to define some of its accountable operations and to know the level of inplementation that they are having in the managerial environment. Also, after contrasting the obtained answers, related to the accountable aspects, with the proper contents that the legal norms have established, for the Grouping of Economic Interest, a series of conclusions have been drawn concerning the accountable requirements of this community. Copyright © 2001 Asociación Española de Contabilidad y Administración de Empresas.
This paper examines the significance of the concept of culture for organizational analysis. The intersection of culture theory and organization theory is evident in five current research themes: comparative management, corporate culture, organizational cognition, organizational symbolism, and unconscious processes and organization. Researchers pursue these themes for different purposes and their work is based on different assumptions about the nature of culture and organization. The task of evaluating the power and limitations of the concept of culture must be conducted within this assumptive context. This review demonstrates that the concept of culture takes organization analysis in several different and promising directions.