Conference PaperPDF Available

Mindfulness in the Workplace: An Exploratory Study

Authors:

Abstract and Figures

his paper examines the effects mindfulness meditation has on people’s work lives. In it, we present an analysis of interviews with eight managers and professionals who have a meditation practice. This exploratory study is designed to generate hypotheses about a new topic in the management research literature. Analysis of the interviews suggest that people who practice mindfulness may become more aware of their social and physical environment at work; become more accepting of their work situation; develop more modest, realistic, sustainable work goals; become more selfless at work; become less concerned with material acquisition and wealth; develop a more internal locus of evaluation; become more likely to derive meaning in life from sources other than just work; become better able to cope and remain calm in difficult work situations; become more likely to experience work difficulties as challenges than threats; enjoy their work more; become more adaptable at work; and develop more positive interpersonal relations at work. Mindfulness in the Workplace: An Exploratory Study. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266371684_Mindfulness_in_the_Workplace_An_Exploratory_Study [accessed Dec 7, 2015].
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Method!
H:/7'73=&8'&-$K7'"#'3:-44'&$3$'7"=-+47)'L#34-6/4K7'K/3:'B-"1477/"#$%7'$#&'.$#$;4-7'
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7"=-+47)'^/;:3'"1'3:474'/#34-6/4K7'YZaa'B$;47]'K4-4'$#$%8b4&G'=7/#;'3:4'O=$%/3$3/64'&$3$'
$#$%87/7'7"13K$-4'B-";-$.'1%/.$2%")'H:4'B4"B%4'/#34-6/4K4&'/#+%=&4&'$'K-/34-'"1'1/+3/"#'$#&'
#"#1/+3/"#N'$'B:87/+/73G'$'.$;$b/#4'P"=-#$%/73N'3:4'+:$/-'"1'$'.=7/+'&4B$-3.4#3'/#'$'.$P"-'
-474$-+:'=#/64-7/38N'$#'$-+:/34+3'K:"'$%7"'K$7'$#'$+$&4./+'&4$#N'$#'/#6473.4#3'.$#$;4-N'
9 1/4/12 5:22 PM
$#&'$'34%46/7/"#n1/%.'&/-4+3"-)'F'74+"#&'7"=-+4'"1'&$3$'/7'3:4'7+:"%$-%8'%/34-$3=-4)'e/#$%%8G'K4'
$%7"'&-$K'=B"#'"=-'"K#'4IB4-/4#+4'"1'./#&1=%#477)'X"3:'$=3:"-7'$-4'%"#;Q34-.'
./#&1=%#477'B-$+3/3/"#4-7)'
An!Exploratory!Study!
2/#+4'3:4-4'/7'7"'%/33%4'4I/73/#;'-474$-+:'3"'M=/%&'"#G'"=-'-474$-+:'O=473/"#'+$%%7'1"-'$#'
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3:4'3"B/+N'$#&'3:4'B$-3/+/B$#37'$-4'$M%4'3"'3$%0'$M"=3'3:4'3"B/+l'Y(""&G'c4--G'['X-/#0G'CDDWG'
B)'aCC])'A=-'73=&8'1/37'3:474'-4O=/-4.4#37)'A=-';"$%'/7'3:$3'"1'3:4'/&4$%'4IB%"-$3"-8'73=&8G'
K:/+:'$7'$#'4$-%8'"-'1/-73'734B'/#'&464%"B/#;'#4K'0#"K%4&;4'$M"=3'$'3"B/+G'%4$&7'3"'
k7=;;473/"#7'"1':8B"3:4747'1"-'1=-3:4-'73=&8'"-'3"'$#'/&4$'1"-'$'+"#+4B3=$%'1-$.4K"-0l'
Y(""&G'43'$%)G'CDDWG'B)'aCa])''
F7'$#'4IB%"-$3"-8'73=&8G'3:/7'73=&8'K$7'&47/;#4&'3"'&464%"B'+"#+4B37'$#&':8B"3:4747G'
#"3'3"'3473':8B"3:4747)'F%."73'$%%'7+:"%$-%8'K"-0G'-474$-+:'$#&'B=M%/+$3/"#7'/#'.$#$;4.4#3'
$-4':8B"3:47/7'%'$%"*3'73=&/47G'$#&'3:"74'K:"'$-4'=#1$./%/$-'K/3:'3:4'&/114-4#+4'M43K44#'
3:4.'$#&':8B"3:47/7'3'*'#.%"*3'-474$-+:'.$8'"MP4+3'3"'.$#8'$7B4+37'"1'"=-'&47/;#'Y%/04'
3:4'7.$%%G'1$-Q1-".Q-$#&".'7$.B%4'M4/#;'$#$%8b4&])',-/34-/$'%/04'3:4'-$#&".#477'"1'3:4'
7$.B%4'$-4'$BB-"B-/$34'1"-'P=&;/#;':8B"3:47/7'3473/#;'-474$-+:'&47/;#7G'M=3'3:48'&"#J3'
$BB%8'3"'4IB%"-$3"-8'73=&/47'&47/;#4&'3"';4#4-$34':8B"3:4747'Y@%$74-'['23-$=77G'a`W_])'L#'
4IB%"-$3"-8'-474$-+:G'1%4I/M%4G'&47+-/B3/64'-474$-+:'&47/;#7'$-4'B$-$."=#3)',"#64#/4#+4'
7$.B%47'$-4'+".."#'$#&'k64-8'14KG'/1'$#8G'6$-/$M%47'$-4'=#&4-'3:4'-474$-+:4-J7'+"#3-"%l'
Y(""&G'43'$%)G'CDDWG'B)'aCa])'
Results!
10 1/4/12 5:22 PM
H:4'/#34-6/4K447'-4B"-34&'.$#8'&/114-4#3'K"-0Q-4%$34&'"=3+".47'"1'3:4/-'./#&1=%#477'
B-$+3/+4)'H:48'$-4'&47+-/M4&'M4%"K)'H:4';4#4-$%'+$34;"-/47'"1'"=3+".47'/#+%=&4'6$%=47G'
/#34-$+3/"#'K/3:'3:4'K"-0'4#6/-"#.4#3G'-47B"#74'3"'&/11/+=%3/47'/#'3:4'K"-0'4#6/-"#.4#3G'
$#&'/#34-B4-7"#$%'-4%$3/"#7'$3'K"-0)'
Changes!in!Values!!
L#34-6/4K447'-4B"-34&'3:$3'./#&1=%#477'B-$+3/+4'+:$#;4&'3:4/-'6$%=47)'H:4/-'%"+=7'"1'
46$%=$3/"#'."64&'1-".'3:4'4I34-#$%'Y6$%=/#;'.$34-/$%'$+O=/7/3/"#G'K4$%3:G'1$.4G'
-4+";#/3/"#G'$#&'3:4'"B/#/"#7'"1'"3:4-7]'3"'3:4'/#34-#$%'Y6$%=/#;':$BB/#477'$#&'7B/-/3=$%/38])'
24+"#&G'3:48'-4B"-34&';"/#;'1-".':$6/#;'$'7/#;%4'7"=-+4'"1'.4$#/#;'$#&'/&4#3/38'/#'%/14'
Y3:4/-'K"-0]'3"':$6/#;'.$#8'7"=-+47'"1'.4$#/#;)'e/#$%%8G'3:48'-4B"-34&'M4+"./#;'%477'
4;"3/73/+$%'$#&'."-4'74%1%477)'H:474'+:$#;47'$-4'&/7+=774&'M4%"K'
From!an!External!to!an!Internal!Locus!of!Evaluation!
L#34-6/4K447'-4B"-34&'3:$3'./#&1=%#477'B-$+3/+4'%4&'3:4.'3"'1"+=7'%477'"#'"=34-'
+"#+4-#7'$#&'."-4'"#'3:4/-'/##4-'%/647)'A#4'/#34-6/4K44'7$/&G'k(:$3'/7'+"#7/&4-4&'M4/#;'
7=++4771=%'"-'&4$&M4$3':$7'."-4'3"'&"'K/3:':"K':$BB8'8"='$-4'$#&'8"=-'$33/3=&4'3"'3:4'
K"-%&G'$#&'%477'3"'&"'K/3:':"K'.=+:'8"='$+O=/-4'$#&':"K'.=+:'."#48'8"='.$04j'3:"74'
3-4$&./%%7'"1'7=++477'$-4';433/#;'3"'#"'B$-3/+=%$-'4#&)l''
*$#8'/#34-6/4K447'3$%04&'$M"=3'."6/#;'1-".'+"#+4-#'$M"=3'4I34-#$%G'K"-0Q-4%$34&'
-4K$-&7hM"3:'.$34-/$%'-4K$-&7'$#&'-4+";#/3/"#'M8'"3:4-7h3"'$'1"+=7'"#'/##4-'+"#+4-#7G'
7=+:'$7':$BB/#477)'H:4'1/%..$04-'3"%&'"1'$#'=B4#&/#;'4IB4-/4#+4'3:$3':4':$&'34#'84$-7'
M41"-4)'L3'."3/6$34&':/.'3"'73$-3'.4&/3$3/#;)'?4':$&'1/#/7:4&'$'1/%.'3:$3':4'+"#7/&4-4&'3"'M4'
B4-14+3G'M=3'K$7'7=-B-/74&'3"'1/#&'3:$3'/#734$&'"1'144%/#;'4%$34&G':4'K$7'&4B-4774&)'
11 1/4/12 5:22 PM
^64#3=$%%8G':/7'.4&/3$3/"#'B-$+3/+4'%4&':/.'3"'6$%=4'/##4-':$BB/#477'.=+:'."-4'3:$#'7"+/$%'
$++"%$&47'"-'.$34-/$%'K4$%3:G'$#&'#"KG'
LJ.'4774#3/$%%8'$'-4$%%8':$BB8'B4-7"#)'L':$64'#4=-"747'$#&'14$-7'$#&'3:/#;7G'M=3'LJ.'
#"3'/#:4-4#3%8'&4B-4774&'R$#8."-4Sj'L'K"=%&'3-$&4'3:$3'1"-'3:4'A7+$-G'"-'$++"%$&47G'
"-'-/+:47)'X4+$=74'K:4#'L':/3'3:$3'K$%%'34#'84$-7'$;"G'/3'K"=%&#J3':$64'.$334-4&'/1'L'
:$&'34#'./%%/"#'&"%%$-7N'/3'K"=%&#J3':$64'.$334-4&'/1'LJ&'K"#'464-8'$K$-&'L'+"=%&'
K/#)'
L#34-6/4K447'7$/&'3:$3'$134-'3:48'M4;$#'B-$+3/+/#;'./#&1=%#477G'3:4'$BB-"6$%'"1'"3:4-7'
1$&4&'/#'/.B"-3$#+4)'F#"3:4-'K$8'3"'B=3'3:/7'/7'3:$3'3:4/-'%"+=7'"1'46$%=$3/"#'K4#3'1-".'
4I34-#$%'3"'/#34-#$%)'g"+=7'"1'46$%=$3/"#'/7'$'+4#3-$%'B$-3'"1',$-%'\";4-7J'3:4"-8'"1'
B4-7"#$%/38'$#&'B78+:"3:4-$B4=3/+'+:$#;4)'L3'-414-7'3"'$'B4-7"#J7'7"=-+4'"1'$=3:"-/38h:4-'
"-':/7'+4#34-'"1'-47B"#7/M/%/38)'f4"B%4'K:"'%""0'3"'3:4.74%647'3"'&4+/&4'K:43:4-'$'M4:$6/"-'
:$7'6$%=4':$64'$#'"*%'#*./'%"+=7'"1'46$%=$3/"#N'3:"74'K:"'%""0'3"'3:4'4IB4+3$3/"#7'"1'
7"+/438G'"-'3-8'k3"'M4:$64'/#'34-.7'"1'6$%=47'743'M8'"3:4-'B4"B%4l'Y\";4-7G'c/-7+:4#M$=.G'['
?4#&4-7"#G'a`E`G'B)'a_V]':$64'$#''4%'#*./'%"+=7'"1'46$%=$3/"#)'\";4-7'$-;=4&'3:$3'
&4B4#&4#+4'"#'3:4'4IB4+3$3/"#7'$#&'6$%=47'"1'"3:4-7'B-4&/+3$M%8'/#&/+$347'B78+:"%";/+$%'
&/73=-M$#+4G'$#&'3:$3'/#&/6/&=$%7'.=73'&464%"B'$#'/#34-#$%'%"+=7'"1'46$%=$3/"#'/#'"-&4-'3"'
M4+".4'1=%%8'1=#+3/"#/#;G'$=3"#"."=7'/#&/6/&=$%7'YH:"-#4G'CDDV])''
A#4'/#34-6/4K44'/#'"=-'73=&8'7$/&'3:$3'M41"-4'.4&/3$3/#;G':4-'74#74'"1'/&4#3/38'7"'
&4B4#&4&'"#':4-'P"MQQ7".43:/#;'+%4$-%8'4I34-#$%QQ3:$3'k/3'=74&'3"'M4'$'6$%/&$3/"#'"1'M4/#;'$'
:=.$#'M4/#;)l'2:4'7$/&'3:$3'7/#+4'7:4'M4;$#'./#&1=%#477'.4&/3$3/"#G'7:4':$7'M4+".4'
k.=+:'%477'$.M/3/"=7)'L'K"--8'%477)l''
F#"3:4-'/#34-6/4K44'7$/&G'
12 1/4/12 5:22 PM
>=73G'8"='0#"KG'3:-"=;:'.4&/3$3/"#'$#&'3:4'"3:4-'$7B4+37'"1'.8'R./#&1=%#477S'
B-$+3/+4G'3:$3'+4-3$/#'3:/#;7'$-4'."-4'-4$%j'3"'.4'#"Kj'F#&'3:/#;7'3:$3'744.4&'
-4$%G'#"K'&"#J3'744.'-4$%)'F;$/#G'/3J7'%/04'3:$3'7:/13'1-".'3:4'.$34-/$%'K"-%&'3"'$'0/#&'
"1'/##4-'K"-%&'$#&'$'0/#&'"1'/#34-+"##4+34&'K"-%&j'*8'#44&'1"-'6$%/&$3/"#'1-".'
"3:4-'B4"B%4':$7';"334#'$'%"3'%477G'L'K"=%&'7$8)'
H:4'P"=-#$%/73'7$/&'3:$3'-4+";#/3/"#'M4+$.4'%477'/.B"-3$#3'3"':/.)'
H:4-4J7'#"3'3:4'0/#&'"1'73-"0/#;'"-'4;"Q;-$3/1/+$3/"#G'8"='0#"KG'1"-';433/#;'"11'3:4'
3-4$&./%%QQ1"-';433/#;'"11'3:4'3-$+0'$7'L':$64)'2"'L'&"#J3'-4;-43'/3)'LJ.';%$&'LJ64'&"#4'/3G'
$#&'L'0#"K'K:8'LJ.'&"/#;'/3)'X=3'/3'.4$#7'L':$64'3"'1"-;"'3:$3'0/#&'"1'-4+";#/3/"#'1"-'
#"K)'H:4'-4+";#/3/"#'"1'K:$3'"3:4-'B4"B%4'3:/#0'"1'.4'/7'#"3'3:4'."73'/.B"-3$#3'
3:/#;G'/7'K:$3'/3'+".47'&"K#'3")'
F#'/#34-473/#;'4I$.B%4'"1'74%1%477#477'7:"K#'3:-"=;:'$'-4&=+4&'+"#+4-#'1"-'3:4'
"B/#/"#7'"1'"3:4-7'$#&'$#'/#+-4$7/#;%8'/##4-'%"+=7'"1'46$%=$3/"#'K$7'$'+:$#;4'/#'+$-44-'
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3"'M4'%477'3:$#'6/7/M%4QQ7"-3'"1'%/04'3:4'g"#4'\$#;4-)'L'$%K$87'3:"=;:3j'3:$3'/3'K$7'
B-4338'+""%'3:$3'3:4'g"#4'\$#;4-'K"=%&'%4$64'3"K#)'9"M"&8'0#4K'K:"':4'K$7G'M=3'
3:4'3"K#'K$7'M4334-)'?4'&/&#J3'%4$64'$'M=7/#477'+$-&N'3:4-4'K$7'#"3:/#;'#$.4&'$134-'
:/.)''
From!Single!to!Multiple!Sources!of!Meaning!
23=&8'B$-3/+/B$#37'"134#'7$/&'3:$3'M41"-4'3:48'M4;$#'B-$+3/+/#;'./#&1=%#477G'3:4/-'P"M7'
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7"=-+47'"1'.4$#/#;)'
13 1/4/12 5:22 PM
H:4'P"=-#$%/73'7$/&'3:$3'$134-'B-$+3/+/#;'./#&1=%#477'.4&/3$3/"#G':/7'K"-0'"1'#43K"-0/#;'
/#'3:4';%/334-8'K"-%&'"1'3:4'4#34-3$/#.4#3'/#&=73-8'M4+$.4'%477'.4$#/#;1=%G''
(:4#'L'K"-04&'$3'RK4%%Q0#"K#'4#34-3$/#.4#3'.$;$b/#4SG'L'7B4#3'."-4'3/.4'M4/#;'
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#43K"-0/#;QQ3:$#'L'&"'#"K)'L'&"#J3'-4$%%8'K$#3'3"'&"'3:$3'$%%'3:4'3/.4'#"KG'M4+$=74'/3'
P=73'&"47#J3'.4$#'$#83:/#;'3"'.4)'9"KG'$;$/#G'L'&"#J3'./#&'&"/#;'7".4'"1'/3G'M=3'.8'
%/14'/7'#"3QQL'#"'%"#;4-'$.'/..4-74&'/#'3:$3'K"-%&)'
H:4'&/-4+3"-'$%7"'.4#3/"#4&'3:$3':4'=74&'3"'&4B4#&'7"%4%8'"#':/7'K"-0'1"-'.4$#/#;G'M=3'
3:$3':4'/7'#"'%"#;4-'/7'7"'&4B4#&4#3)''
L1'7".4M"&8'7$/&'3"'.4'3"&$8G'To"=J%%'#464-'.$04'$#"3:4-'1/%.)'H:$3J7'/3)'o"=-'+$-44-'
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K$7'K/3:"=3'.4$#/#;)'L'&"#J3'3:/#0'1/64'84$-7'$;"'L'+"=%&':$64'.$&4'3:$3'73$34.4#3)'
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14 1/4/12 5:22 PM
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$#&'1$./%8'%/14)'2".4'"1'3:4'/#34-6/4K447'3$%04&'$M"=3'$'M4334-'M$%$#+4'M43K44#'3:4/-'K"-0'
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4#P"8'%/14'$7'$'K:"%4'."-4)''
Sources(of(Meaning(Other(than(Work)'A-/;/#$%%8G'3:4'&/-4+3"-'&/&#J3'P=73'&4B4#&'"#'
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L'7./%4'$3'7".4"#4'/#'3:4'73"-4G'/3J7'$7'%4;/3/.$34'$'K$8'3"'+:$#;4'3:4'K"-%&'$7'3"'3-8'
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24 1/4/12 5:22 PM
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29 1/4/12 5:22 PM
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31 1/4/12 5:22 PM
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32 1/4/12 5:22 PM
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33 1/4/12 5:22 PM
References!
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38 1/4/12 5:22 PM
Table!1.!
!WorkORelated!Changes!Resulting!from!Mindfulness!Practice! !
Before!Mindfulness!
After!Mindfulness!
Values!
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Interaction!With!the!Work!Environment!
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'
... This psychological construct is also described as a state characterized by being open to new experiences, sensitive to the surroundings, aware of different perspectives of looking at the same thing and oriented towards the present (Siegling & Petrides, 2014). Previous research showed that mindfulness may be a negative predictor of emotion dysregulation (Vujanovic et al., 2010), increase social relations by building closeness (Brown & Ryan, 2003), impact better adaptability at the workplace, and provide a better quality of relations with co-workers (McCormick & Hunter, 2008). The increasing level of mindfulness is related to feeling less stress and anxiety (Kabat-Zin et. ...
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Aim The study aimed to check how the Big Five personality traits relate to mindfulness levels in FISM World Champions of Magic. Method The participants were champions of magic (N = 50) from 20 countries. International Personality Item Pool Big Five Markers 50 (IPIP-BFM-50) and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) were used to measure personality traits and mindfulness, respectively. Results The regression analysis revealed that emotional stability and conscientiousness explained 47% of mindfulness in champion magicians. Conclusion Only two personality traits predicted mindfulness in magicians, which should be interpreted as a preliminary result.
... Miller et al. (2012) demonstrated a link between compassion and social entrepreneurship outcomes, and increased mindfulness has been shown to raise levels of it (McCollum & Gehart, 2010). In addition, if individuals are characterized by a high MFN level, then they also have more compassion than those who display a low MFN level (Hunter & McCormick, 2008). It exhibits a strong orientation towards taking care of others (Good et al., 2016). ...
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Objective: This study aims to demonstrate the positive relationships between mindfulness, perceived social support, and social entrepreneurship intention (SEI) using the theory of planned behaviour (TPB). Research Design & Methods: This study surveyed 525 students who have been taking social entrepreneurship courses of non-profit organizations in Vietnam. Data was collected through a pre-designed questionnaire at Google Form from August to October 2020 and analysed by structural equation modelling to verify the research model and hypotheses. Findings: The research confirmed the positive relationships between mindfulness, perceived social support, and social entrepreneurial intention (SEI). Among them, the role of mindfulness is the most important, because its impact on SEI is the strongest. This study has also shown that the components of the theory of planned behaviour have an intermediary role to strengthen the relationships in the research model. Implications & Recommendations: This study confirms the need to include mindfulness courses when training future social entrepreneurs to help them for acquiring the right attitudes and forming social entrepreneurial intentions. Contribution & Value Added: This study found that practicing mindfulness drastically changes entrepreneurs’ attitudes towards social entrepreneurship. In contrast, perceived social support makes these entrepreneurs display a higher level of self-efficacy in forming social entrepreneurial intentions.
... The results of this study illustrate that there is a relationship between leaders' mindfulness and organizational resilience. McCormick and Hunter (2008) suggested that practicing mindfulness enhances awareness of external stimuli. Mindfulness increases leaders' ability to cope, remain calm in challenging situations, and be adaptable. ...
... Dane and Brummel (2013) have examined the impact of work-place mindfulness and its positive relations to job performance and negative effect on turnover intention. Hunter and McCormic (2008) suggest that persons who practice mindfulness may be more accepting of their work situation and more adaptable; less concerned with material acquisition and wealth, more likely to derive meaning in life from more sources than just work and to experience work difficulties as challenges than threats, better able to cope and remain calm in difficult work situations and thus; have more positive interpersonal relations at work. However, recently researchers have been more sensitive to the conceptual differences between equanimity and mindfulness. ...
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Western models and constructs have dominated research on well-being in India. There is a lacuna of indigenous constructs of well-being developed from our rich archival data and texts. Indigenous constructs are significant as being deeply embedded in the Indian ethos, they can be easily accepted and integrated into therapeutic practice. To fill this lacuna, the construct of Samatva (equanimity) as described in the Bhagavad Gita is examined. The analysis of the text resulted in the identification of 41 core verses referring to Samatva. The major themes extrapolated are i) Samatva as a state of even-mindedness and rising above the dualities ii) The inter-personal dimension of Samatva iii) Samatva and the understanding of the temporality of experience iv) Associated cognitive-affective cultivation practices of Samatva v) Suggested health and spiritual implications of Samatva vi) Samatva and transcendence of Triguna. With the increasing rates of Anxiety and Depression, the cultivation of Samatva has been discussed with implications for holistic well-being, leadership and management.
... Studies have shown that an individual who practices mindfulness as an act that provides a perspective to living in the moment has the potential of experiencing a balanced achievement motivation (Duckworth et al. 2019). People who engage in mindfulness are more aware of external environment and have a better attitude to work (Hunter & McCormick, 2008). It is safe to state that such a life stands the chance of being reflected in the person's work and interactions with others in the workplace (Boud & Walker, 1991;Sørensen, 2007). ...
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CelCelem badania było sprawdzenie, jak cechy osobowości modelu Wielkiej Piątki wiążą się z poziomem uważności u Mistrzów Świata Sztuki Iluzji FISM. MetodaUczestnikami byli laureaci FISM (N = 50) z 20 krajów. Do pomiaru cech osobowości i uważności, odpowiednio, użyto International Personality Item Pool Big Five Markers 50 (IPIP-BFM-50) oraz Skali Uważnej Obecności (MAAS). WynikiAnaliza regresji wykazała, że stabilność emocjonalna i sumienność wyjaśniają 47% uważności u laureatów FISM. WnioskiTylko dwie cechy osobowości przewidywały uważność u badanych iluzjonistów, co należy interpretować jako wynik wstępny.
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Conference Paper
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