Article

Autoestima y depresión en adolescentes guatemaltecos

Revista latinoamericana de psicología (Impact Factor: 0.64). 01/1996; 28(2).
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT

Se evaluaron la depresión y la autoestima como replicación y extensión del estudio de Berganza y Aguilar (1992) sobre Depresión en Adolescentes Guatemaltecos. Se encontraron niveles significativos de depresión en los adolescentes (28.78%) y las diferencias de género persistieron, presentando las mujeres mayores porcentajes de depresión que los varones (36.61 vs. 21.56%). Se midió la autoestima total, lo mismo que la autoestima global, familiar, académica, física y social. Se encontró una correlación negativa significativa entre la depresión y la autoestima (r = -.612, P < .05). Usando un análisis de regresión, se encontró que la autoestima y sus componentes contribuían significativamente a los niveles de depresión: Total (37.4%), global (2S.7%), académica (14.9%), física (20.S%), familiar (22.8%), y social (19.2%). Se discuten las implicaciones de estos resultados y su relación con el Modelo Económico Transaccional en Adolescentes Guatemaltecos (Berganza y Aguilar, 1989).

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