Removing of Japanese Quail Males in Heat Stress Conditions

Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 01/2006;
Source: DOAJ


This experiment was carried out to determine the fertility performance and duration of fertility in the eggs laid after removing of male from cage reared under heat stress in the Japanese quails. In the study, 24 male and 72 female quails at 6 weeks of age were randomly divided into two groups (control and trial). Trial group was kept at high ambient temperature (33-42°C) and control group propagated in a 17-25°C environmental condition. The effects of heat stress on feed consumption, feed efficiency, egg production, egg weight were decreased. Also fertility ratio of the eggs laid after third day of removing of male were reduced (p<0.01). However, hatchability of fertile eggs and embryonic mortality were not statistically significant. As a result, the eggs laid after fourth day of removing of male in a high environmental temperature should not be incubated because of low fertility ratio.

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    ABSTRACT: How many males are sufficient? Experimental material consisted of 540 adult Japanese quails. Birds were in the same age (6 weeks old). Before start of experiment, birds kept in a separate sex cages for 14 days. In every period (8 days) we selected 144 hens and 36 cocks randomly then placed them in 36 units (twelve treatments and three replicates). The experiment was factorial (3*2*2) and used from completely randomized design. Meanwhile the experimental factors contains: 1. sex ratios 1m: 2f, 1m: 4f and 1m: 6f; 2. Spanish and white Japanese quail, and 3. interim or permanent attendance of cocks in cages. In the start of every period we randomly selected quails and arranged them, after three days, males were omitted from interim units and after that, eggs were collected several times a day, so stored in egg room for 7 days. Eggs were put in standard incubator. Data were analyzed using the GLM procedure of SAS. The ratio of 1m:2f had the highest fertility (p<0.05) compared with other treatments. Ratio of 1m:4f had high fertility, but there was no significant difference between 1:2 and 1:4 ratios. Fertility of the two strains with ratio of 1m: 4f in interim was significantly higher than permanent treatments. Spanish strain significantly had higher fertility in all treatments. Result of this experiment demonstrated that after successfully mating, when cocks were not in cages during laying, fertility was high.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of temperature-humidity index (THI) level on productive parameters, welfare, and immunity in Japanese quails. One hundred and eighty (180) birds of Japanese quail, 14 weeks old, were used. Birds were divided randomly into three equal groups, control (at low THI, less than 70), H1 (at moderate THI, 70–75), and H2 (at high THI, 76–80). Birds in the control group had higher body weight (281.2 g, p = 0.001), egg mass (745 g, p = 0.001), fertility (85.4 %, p = 0.039), hatchability (80.4 %, p = 0.001), and immune response titer to Newcastle disease virus (p = 0.031), compared with H2 group. Furthermore, the thermoneutral group had higher internal egg quality score [albumen height (5.14 mm, p = 0.001), yolk height (10.88 mm, p = 0.015), yolk index (42.32 %, p = 0.039), and Haugh unit (92.67, p = 0.001)]. Nevertheless, there were no significant differences in fertility percentage, immune response, and corticosterone concentration between control and H1 group. Birds in the H2 group had the lowest total leucocytic count and lymphocyte percentage (p = 0.001 and 0.020, respectively) but the highest H/L ratio (0.83, p = 0.001). Corticosterone concentration was lower in control and H1 groups (5.49 and 6.41 ng/mL, respectively, p = 0.024) than that in H2 group. Japanese quail exposed to heat stress revealed drop in production and immunological parameters, as well as a detrimental effects on welfare. Thus, practical approaches might be used to reduce the detrimental effects of greater THI level.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · International Journal of Biometeorology